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November 29, 1963 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-11-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

14

Friday, Nov. 29, 1963 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS —

Ben-Gurion's 'Israel: Years of Challenge'
Adds Enriching Chapter to State's History

"Israel: Year's of Challenge,"
a review by David Ben-Gurion
of the events that preceded the
return to Zion and those that
led to Israel's rebirth and the
battle for the protection of the
new State's
sovereignty,
published by
Holt, Rinehart
and Winston
(383 Madison,
N. Y. 17), is
an especially
timely book
because of its
a p p earance
simultaneously,.
with the pub-
lication of the Dwight D. Eisen-
hower memoirs, and because of
the former Israel Prime Minis-
ter's presentation of details on
many of the critical situations in
the Middle East.
Ben - Gurion's book also is
timely because it throws new
light on some of the issues that
seem to have been muddled in
General Burns' "Between Arab
and Israeli." When there are
conflicts of opinion on matters
affecting Israel, it is well that
the authoritative Israeli views
should be known.

The Ben-Gurion account of
his country's battle for free-
dom is especially valuable
when he discusses the Sinai
Campaign and the eventual
withdrawal of Israeli forces
from that area. He had to sub-
mit to withdrawal against the
wishes of many of his people
who felt that, having scored
a victory against the power
that was bent upon Israel's
destruction, the forces should

Eastern Air Lines
`Shuttle' Service
Establishes Records

Eastern Air Lines' unique no-
reservations, pay-on-board "Air-
Shuttle" has come up with foUr
new records unparalleled in
airline operations:
(1.) An all-time high with
14,308 passengers carried in a
single day.
(2.) The on-time departure
record of the "Air-Shuttle" is
without precedent or parallel in
the industry—a cumulative punc-
tuality of 96.4 per cent of all
scheduled flights leaving their
gates exactly on the advertised
minute from inception of the
service, April 30, 1961, to the
present.
(3.) Total passengers car-
ried on the "Air-Shuttle" in 30
months of operation to date,
Over four million.
(4.) In the first nine months
of 1963 more than two million
passengers. The "Air-Shuttles"
are currently boarding passen-
gers at the rate of more than
three million annually.

-

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have been retained there. But
there was the challenge from
Eisenhower, in the televised
address he delivered demand-
ing the withdrawal of the Is-
raeli forces. There were de-
mands from others. Israel did
not yield at once, but in the
course of a number of days
there was submission, and
Ben - Gurion defends Israel's
action. His explanations are
logical and realistic: the vic-
tors knew when to call a halt
to their invasion of Egyptian
territory.

Ben - Gurion's descriptions of
Israel's defense against Arab
attacks, of the battle for Jerusa-
lem, of the formation of a uni-
fied military force that has suc-
ceeded in providing protection
for the new-born state, are mov-
ing accounts of the emergence
of a strong nation out of the
shambles that were left by the
British.
There are frequent criticisms
of the British for actions which
contributed towards strife.
Ben-Gurion often is critical of
the United Nations, but he de-
fends the international organ-
ization as a vital necessity for
the peace and security of the
world.

r DAMN/

BY HENRY

YeSgiail Comek

when s t.ti
countries will cease, and the
captives of Zion will return to
their Homeland. And the Jew-
ish people, which throughout
its 4,000 years of existence has
believed in the supremacy of
the spirit and in love for the
stranger and sojourner, which
has shown the tremendous
things whereof creative human
beings are capable when their
steps are guided by a pioneer-
ing will and their path lit up
by the Messianic vision of na-
tional and universal redemption
—that people will behold the
realization of the ideals of Isai-
ah, and its contribution to the
establishment of the new world
will bring it peace, security,
and the world's respect, and
will also strengthen world peace
and human brotherhood."
The right of Israel to defend
herself is stressed by Ben-Guri-
meggin:‘
on, and at the same time there
"No, Doctor, not a pill to relax me, but give
is emphasis on Israel's hope
for a speedy peace.
me one to make me more disturbed with the
There is historical data in his
ills of our society."
Copt% 1963, Dayenu Productions
new book that gives it added
status. "Israel: Years of Chal-
lenge" adds a valuable chapter Michigan was the first state Ingham, Livingston, Van Buren,
to the history of the young na- to have a group of counties Calhoun, Berrien, Cass a n d
tion. It is an enrichment of named after a president and his Branch, in honor of the cabinet
great merit.
entire cabinet: Barry, Eaton, of President Jackson.

I

Ben - Gurion's great aspira-
tion is the rebuilding of the
Negev, of the reclamation of
the southern portion of Israel.
He devotes a major portion
of the book's concluding chap-
ter's to analyses of the needs
of Israel and of the necessity
to make the Negev productive
and livable.

"Without the settlement of
the south and the Negev this
country cannot be secure," he
declares, "and we shall not suc-
ceed in attaining economic in-
dependence . . . The supreme
test of Israel in our generation
lies, not in its struggle with
hostile forces - without, but in its
success in gaining domination,
through science and pioneering
over the wastelands of its
country in the south and the
Negev."
Reviewing the progress that
has been made in the Negev
so far, pointing to desalination
plans, stating that "Albert Ein-
stein's revolutionary discovery
of the identity of matter and
energy, and the research that
laid bare the complex structure
of the atom, have placed untold
treasures of energy at the dis-
posal of the human race," Ben-
Gurion is confident of success
in the southern venture.

He expresses pride in the
assistance Israel has given to
the African nations and he
makes the point that: "Moses
is the only great personality
of African birth with enduring
influence in cultural history
and spiritual development, and
even he was only a third-gen-
eration African, of a family
that had gone down to Egypt
from the country of the He-
brews, the Land of Israel, in
the days of Joseph, 33 cen-
turies ago." He develops his
theme to show that Israel "is
creating new social patterns,
founded on mutual assistance
and co-operation, without de-
privation or discrimination."

He reaches the conclusion
that: "Once the distinction be-
tween the ruling and dominent
and the poor and backward na-
tions is expunged, dictatorship
will not last long, the danger
of war will pass, confinement
of peoples and populations
against their will in totalitarian

Founder of Library

Joseph Chasanovich, a 19th
century Russian-Jewish physi-
cian and and one of the early
Zionists, was the founder of
the Jewish National Library in
Palestine. In 1896, he sent to
Palestine a collection of 10,000
books, many of which he had
collected from his patients for
the purpose.

LEONARDi

better

highways

save
li

ves Traffic last Labor Day weekend broke
all records—yet there was not a single fatality on

Michigan's entire freeway system!
Modern highways are already reducing accidents by
as much as 75% when compared with the outmoded
roads they replace. It is a well-proved fact:
Safety-engineered, easy-to-travel roads save lives.
No better way has been found to cut accidents.
Yet today, nearly 50% of Michigan's roads and
streets are still inadequate) This is no time to stop •
or curtail the state's great life-saving highway
improvement program. The most effective way to
further reduce Michigan's traffic toll is to improve
these unsafe roads.
Also contributing to improved highway safety are
today's modern concrete pavements. Wet or dry,
concrete provides dependable skid tesistance.
Concrete's light color imprOves night visibility.
As an investment, too, concrete is first choice. Its
long life and ability to take the heaviest traffic save
taxes for every motorist.

PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION

900 Stoddard Bldg., Lansing, Michigan 48933

An organization to improve and extend the uses of concrete

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