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November 22, 1963 - Image 12

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-11-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, Nov. 22, 1963 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — 12

United States Rebukes Arab for `Distortions'; Mrs. Meir
Makes Another Offer of Direct Negotiations to Arabs

(Continued from Page 1)
presented by three Moslem
friends of the Arab states—Af-
ghanistan, Indonesia and Paki-
stan. The other had been put
in by the United States. Sub-
stantially, both resolutions are
almost identical. The pro-Arab
resolution, however, has one ma-
jor point in it that the U.S.A.
refused to insert. The pro-Arab
draft called for the Palestine
Conciliation Commission to take
"measures for the protection of
property, property rights and
interests of the refugees" in
Israel. It also directed the PCC
to report back by Oct. 15, 1964.
The Arabs had dropped their
earlier requests for a property
custodian; but tried to smuggle
in jurisdiction over property in-
side Israel in another way. The
U.S.A. would not "buy" that
idea, one which Israel has al-
ways rejected and would con-
tinue to reject on the grounds
that no outside agency can ex-
ercise jurisdiction inside Israel's
sovereignty under any pretext.
The U.S.A. did not go much
further than the pro-Arab draft
presented by the Moslems. It
too placed most of the reliance
on the PCC. Once in its draft
the U.S.A. did mention the word
"resettlement." But that word
came in a paragraph in the reso-
lution's preamble—not in the
draft's operative clauses. The
really important operative clause
in the U.S. draft was no dif-
ferent than the Moslem-Arab
draft. Both relied on a single
paragraph of a 1948 Assembly
resolution. That paragraph men-
tions all the various alternatives
for solution of the refugee prob-
lem—repatriation, compensation
and resettlement. However, the
Arabs stress only the first two
possibilities — repatriation and
compensation. The assumption
was that the U.S.A. might also
emphasize the third alternative
—resettlement. But the U.S.A.
did not come up and say so out-
right. Nevertheless, there was
little doubt that from Israel's
point of view, the U.S. draft
was preferable. One high rank-
ing Israeli said: "We could live
with it."
Meanwhile, the Arabs contin-
ued trying to inject their "Pal-
estine Arab" group as a mem-
ber. Many fair delegations here
saw through their move; the
Africans, Latin Americans and
West Europeans to whom the
Arabs were speaking were not
fooled.

U.S. Rebukes Leader
of 'Palestine Arab
Delegation' at UN

The United States openly ac-
cused Shukairy of making "many
misstatements." Israel and
other delegations here have fre-
quently accused Shukairy of
distortions," but the U.S.A. has

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ered quite weak by friends of
Israel.

Shukairy took up the entire
Nov. 14 morning meeting of the
General Assembly's Special Po-
litical Committee, where the
Arab refugee problem has been
under debate for two weeks,
with a long harangue. This time,
he directed most of his criticism
against the United States, hit-
ting at Israel only obliquely. He
attacked former President Tru-
man, rapped American Ambas-
sadors Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
and Adlai E. Stevenson, ac-
cused the U.S.A. of being "dis-
honest" on Israel and the Arab
refugee question, called upon
the U.S.A. to resign from the
Palestine Conciliation Commis-
sion.

USSR Again Backs Arabs

When Shukairy had finished
his two-and-a-half-hour speech,
Mercer Cook, U.S. representa-
tive in the committee, told
the group in 30 seconds he
would not "dignify" Shukairy's
remarks with a formal answer
because the speaker had made
"many misstatements" and had
indulged in "personal insults
and abuse." Shukairy, he said,
"had been insulting to the in-
telligence of the committee
and its members." Further-
more, Cook said, Shukairy had
done "no service to the Pal-
estine refugees for whom
American people have so
much respect and sympathy."

A behind-the-scenes move was
under way to frame a resolu-
tion calling on Israel and the
Arab states to undertake peace
negotiations. At least 21 mem-
bers were expected to sponsor
that resolution; among these
would be the West Europeans,
Latin Americans and Africans.

Laurence V. • Michelmore,
deputy director of personnel
for the United Nations since
1959, and a top fiscal and
administrative aide her e
since 1946, was appointed Com-
missioner-G e n e r a 1 of the
United Nations Relief and
Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East.

the post five years, effective Dec.
31. Like Dr. Davis and all the
other preceding UNDWA heads,
Michelmore is an American. The
U.S.A. pays 70 per cent of
UNRWA's costs, having spent on
that task about a half billion
dollars since 1950. The UNRWA,
, with more than 1,200,000 per-
sons on its official registration
rolls, employs 11,789 persons,
of whom all but about 150 are
themselves Arab refugees.

The United States, which

introduced a draft resolution

in the General Assembly's Spe-
cial Political Committee deal-
ing with the Arab • refugee
question, is watering down its
own weak draft further under
pressure of the Arab mem-
bers.

The U.S. delegation changed
its course after Anton Atalla,
Foreign Minister of Jordan,
threatened vigorously that the
Arab states will positively vote
against the early American draft
which had already been consid-

loyal citizens of Israel but will anyone expect Israel to do what
try to destroy it from within." he would not have his own gov-
She asked the delegates: "Can ernment do?"

The Soviet Union told the
General Assembly's Special Po-
litical Committee today that "the
only correct solution" to the
Arab refugee problem is the
"repatriation" of all the refu-
gees who wish to go to Israel
to be permitted to "return" to
their "homeland" and pay com-
pensation to those not going
back.

Ambassador Mikhail Menshi-
kov, representing the Soviet
Union in the committee, de-
clared that the "right" of the
refugees to go back to what he
called "their homeland" could
not be doubted or ignored.

0. P. Gabites, the New Zea-
land representative in the
Political Committee, told the
111-member group that no
peace settlement between the
Arabs and the Israelis could
be imposed. He called for
direct Arab-Israel negotia-
tions "in suitable circum-
stances and under appropriate
auspices." The New Zealand
address was the first breath
of fresh air in the Commit-
tee which, for a day and a half,
has been listening to ad-
dresses directed against Is-
rael by a long string of Mos-
lem and other pro-Arab dele-
gations including those of
Pakistan, Algeria, Morocco,
Mauretania, Iraq, Libya and
Lebanon.

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The statement by Gabites
seemed particularly significant,
since it followed . a long speech
by Lebanon's Ambassador
Georges Hakim who rejected in
advance any possible resolution
that may be presented calling
for direct Arab-Israel peace
talks.

Addressing the Special UN
Political Committee, Mrs.
Golda Meir, Israel Foreign
Minister, said Israel is "will-
ing to negotiate directly with
the Arab governments con-
cerned on the refugee prob-
•lem itself in order to reach an
The new UNDWA chief suc- agreed solution, since we are
anxious to see this humani-
ceeds Dr. John H. Davis, who
has resigned, after serving in tarian problem solved."

The revised U.S. draft will
call upon the Palestine Concilia-
n- A% tion Commission to intensify its
E efforts to implement Paragraph
II of a 1948 Assembly resolution
which calls for "repatriation" of
the refugees into Israel or their
compensation. The third alterna-
tive solution to the refugee prob-
lem involving resettlement of
the refugees in Arab countries
and their integration into the.
Arab Middle East economy, will
be entirely ignored in the re-
vised U.S. draft.

O

NOODLES

avoided characterizing Shu-
kairy's many diatribes.

Mrs. Meir confirmed that the
UN Palestine Conciliation Com-
mission has carried on talks
with the Israel government in
an effort to explore solution of
the refugee problem "without
preconditions as to the nature
of the eventual solution of the
problem." The PCC announced
two weeks ago that such "quiet
talks" had been pursued on be-
half of the PCC by the United
States, which had approached
"high level" leaders of both
Israel and the Arab States. The
Arab delegations here denied
that such conversations had been
held "without preconditions."
Mrs. Meir spoke to the com-
mittee after 54 speeches had
been delhiered by the Arab
spokesmen during 11 successive
sessions. She accused the Arabs
of deliberate "distortion" of the
entire refugee problem, misread-
ing of the history of the Jewish
people and Zionism, and a desire
to bring all the so-called refu-
gees back into Israel, aiming
solely at the destruction of
Israel.

Mrs. Meir told the committee
that no government would do
what the Arab countries were
asking Israel to do, which was
to "open its doors to people who
declare that they are entering to
destroy it from within, aided by
armies of hostile countries on
all sides." Noting that "the
Arab thesis appears to be that
Israel has no right to exist and
must be destroyed," she said that
"if the Arab refugees are re-
patriated, they will not become

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