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October 25, 1963 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-10-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to
The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM, (JTA)—A call
to the major world powers to
safeguard peace in the Middle
East was issued by Prime Minis-
ter Levi Eshkol in his "state of
the nation" address at the open-
ing meeting of the Knesset,
Israel's Parliament, which re-
convened for the winter session.
It was the first major speech
delivered by Eshkol Monday be-
fore the Parliament since he
became Premier. He stressed
both Israel's desire for peace
and its readiness for defense. He
also announced the abolition for
Arabs in Israel of major restric-
tions of military rule in certain
areas of the country.
There are many indications,
he said, that Israel's "genuine
desire for peace" and its striv-
ing to achieve peace are
"making a growing impression
upon the world's consciousness."
At the same time, however, he
warned of Israel's determination
to strengthen its military de-
terrent "in the face of persist-
ing Arab threats."

Emphasizing the fact that
Egypt was being supplied by
destructive armaments, the
Israeli leader said: "The ob-
stacle would be removed from
the highway to peace, if the
German and other scientists
will cease strengthening the
juggernaut of aggr e s s i o n
being built in Egypt." Our
government, he asserted, "will
continue to act against aid
given by German scientists
and technicians to Egyptian
plans for destroying Israel.
We also expect the Federal
Government of Germany to
submit to the Bundestag (West
Germany's lower house of
Parliament) a law to prevent
such activity."

"The easing of world tensions
as a result of the tripower
nuclear test ban pact," said
Eshkol, "has raised hope. The
more world tensions are re-
laxed the more difficult will our
enemies find it to keep the gen-
eral thaw from penetrating to
the Middle East. But it is pre-
cisely in our region that the
glaring contrast between hopes
for peace and the reality of
hostility is most apparent, as
the Arab government's persist
in threatening I s r a e l's very
existence."
The Prime Minister informed
the Knesset of wide measures
being undertaken to improve
relations with the Arab and

Druse minorities in Israel. He
announced a long list of such
measures, including village de-
velopment projects in the Arab-
populated areas, further im-
provements in educational fa-
cilities, and establishment of a
special fund for higher Arab
education.

He then announced the
abolition of major, military
government restrictions in
certain areas, except for a
small number of Arab villages
lying on the very borders of
neighboring Arab states. In
all other areas, he said, Arabs
will no longer have to obtain
personal travel permits. He
voiced his regret that "incite-
ment and hosility by the Arab
countries compel us to keep
a close watch on areas that
are particularly sensitive
from the viewpoint of
security."

Eshkol outlined the govern-
ment's plan for expansion of
educational opportunities for all
Israelis, telling Parliament that
equality of educational opportu-
nity is "the high-road to true

Rabbi Leon Fram
Elected Chairman of
Zionist Council

Rabbi Leon Fram was re-
elected chairman of the Zionist
Council of Detroit at the Coun-
cil's first meeting of the sea-
son. Other officers elected
were:
Pokempner.
Irving
and Mrs. Carl S.
Schiller, vice - chair-
men; Mrs. David J.
Schachter and Mrs.
Norman I. Leemon,
secretaries; Mrs. I.
Rabbi
Walter Silver, trea-
Fram
surer; and Irving
Schlussel, Jewish Community
Council delegate.
The slate of officers was
placed in nomination by Mrs.
Julian Tobias, chairman of the
nominating committee, whose
members included Morris
Lieberman, Mrs. David J.
Schachter and Mrs. I Walter
Silver.
The council voted to establish
an executive committee of its
officers and past Zionist Council
chairmen.
The Zionist Council voted to
establish a Detroit Aliyah Com-
mittee to help advise and orient
persons contemplating settle-
ment in Israel.

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integration of our communities
and toward the elimination of
inequalities between citizens of
various origins."
Eshkol expressed disappoint-
ment over the results achieved
thus far in Israel's negotiations
for a link with European Com-
mon Market.
On the domestic, economic
front, he reported, the last year
has been one of the most stable
periods in Israel's history. While
prices remained stable, he
note d, production increased
rapidly, a high level of eco-
nomic activities and employment
has been maintained, and an
improvement has taken place in
the balance of payments which
will probably result in reducing
the trade deficit by $80,000,000.
The Premier discussed the
project for expanding develop-
ment in the Galilee area, and
referred to the current, immigra-
tion to Israel. He said there
was an increased influx of
Jewish immigrants from the
free world, especially from
South America.

LONDON, (JTA) — Three
more Jews have been sentenced
to death in the USSR for al-
leged "economic crimes," it was
reported in the Soviet press.
The latest issue of Tashken
skaya Pravda, published in Tash-
kent, capital of Uzbekistan, re-
ported that four men have been
given the death sentence, nam-
ing the following: Krendel,
Lvovsky, Lemeshev and Turdyev.
No first names were given. Of
the four, all but Turdyev are
Jews.
A copy of the Komsomoiskaya
Pravda, organ of the Communist
youth party in the Soviet Union,
was received here, showing that
this newspaper has deliberately
underscored a Jewish name
among "economic criminals." In
an article condemning such

crimes in general, the youth
organ mentioned only one name
as the "latest example." The
name was Margolis, clearly
Jewish.

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Voicing appreciation for
world Jewry's moral and ma-
terial support of immigration
and absorption, he said, how-
ever, that "to our regret, its
contribution in the last years
has not matched the enormous
needs." He appealed to world
Jewry overseas to recognize
the "urgency" of the immigra-
tion and absorption problem,
and "to take appropriate ac-
tion."

Without mentioning the So-
viet Union by name, Eshkol told
the Knesset that Israel will
speak up at the United Nations
on the status of the Jews in
the USSR.

Opposition party leaders
Tuesday welcomed the an-
nouncement by Premier Levi
Eshkol that travel permits
for Arabs in most areas under
military government would be
abolishbd but added that the
government should --have
abolished military govern-
ment entirely.

The demand for total aboli-
tion of military government was
made by Menahem Beigen of
Herut, Elimelich Rimalt of the
liberal party and Yaacov Chazan
of Mapam. Moshe Unna of the
religious party expressed the
hope for a speedy end to such
government over Israeli Arabs.
Beigin urged the government
to stop "making excuses" for
the failure of the West German
Government to act against West
German scientists working for
the Egyptian regime on military
projects. He also criticized the
Israel government for "wrongly
and needlessly" joining the UN
anti-South American campaign.
In his address, Eshkol con-
demned the resort to violence
in the conflicts between secu-
larists and zealots. (See story
on page 1).

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S--THE DETROI T JEWISH NEWS—F riday, October 25, 1963

Eshkol Pleads for Peace, Announces Abolition
of Some Military Restrictions, Condemns Resort
to Violence Between Secularists and Zealots

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