Remaining 4,000 Jews Seek Escape from Algeria
PARIS—The tense political situation which has developed during the past
few days in Algeria has prompted most of the 4,000 Jews still in that country
to make plans to leave, it was reported here Tuesday. .
Scores of Jewish families are again arriving in France from Algeria. Most
of them have been able to take some of their possessions with them, although
they experienced difficulties in transferring funds abroad.
There is a general opinion among the remaining Jews that civil war can
HE JEWISH NEWS
I" Fe c) -r
Vol. XLIV, No. 7
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Editorial, Page 4
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
1007 igido ninSh o p
Editorial, Page 4
break out at any time and that it would be accompanied by anti-European
manifestations. Non-Jewish Europeans also are preparing to flee and many
have already done so.
Observers here believe that before the end of 1963 Algeria, which only
a year ago had a Jewish population of 120,000, will be totally without Jews. At
present there are 2,000 Jews in Algiers, 800 in Oran and the other 1,200 are
scattered in small communities throughout Algeria.
on Page 2
W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364—Detroit 35, October 11, 1963—$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
U. S. Defense Department Plans
Major Mid-East Command Change
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
Auto Industry Spokesmen Claim Merit
Alone Counts in Employment; Reply to
Charge of 'Under-Utilization' of Jews
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
Spokesmen for the automobile industry were insistent that
Jewish employees had equal opportunities in their firms and
that those who merited promotion were not held back because
of their Jewishness.
The statements were in reply to the charge made this
week by Bernard Nath, chairman of the civil rights committee
of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith, that the official
policy of "equal employment opportunity" in the automobile
industry has failed to end the "serious under-utilization" of
Jews in white collar and administrative positions.
While officials of most of the automobile concerns would
not be quoted, E. D. O'Leary, vice president in charge of
personnel and organization of the Ford Motor Co., sent the
following statement to The Jewish News — duplicating the
similar statement he made to Arnold Forster, general counsel
of the ADL: ,
"I have read with interest your report on the employment
of personnel of the Jewish faith in the automotive industry.
"Ford Motor Company has a long-standing policy of
employing personnel based on merit and ability and utilizing
their qualifications, without regard to race, creed, color or
"I appreciate your interest in soliciting our cooperation
in making the report as meaningful as possible. However, inas-
much as we have never maintained a record indicating a
person's religious faith, we are not in a position to measure
the accuracy of the report.
"In general, we recognize that there may be fewer persons
of Jewish faith in our organization than one might expect
from a statistical point of view. In my judgment, your report
underestimates the number. In any case, there are a variety of
reasons for this. Our prlicies, and more importantly, our inten-
tions are not contributing factors.
"Please be assured that the Ford Motor Company is dedi-
cated to its policy of employing people on the basis of their
The Ford.Motor Co. has been known to employ a number
of Jews in its plants. Its outstanding Jewish employee is Dr.
Jacob Goldman, who heads one of its scientific departments.
Continued on Page 5
NEW YORK—The U.S. Department of Defense is contemplating a
major change in military command which will affect the U.S. military
operations in the Middle East, it was reported Tuesday by Hanson W.
Baldwin, military correspondent of the New York Times.
In Washington, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency was told by officials
of the Defense Department that they had not read the report and had
nothing to say about the alleged developments.
The report said that among the projected changes would be one
assigning the Middle East area to the Strike Command, which is a joint
functional command of the Army and the Air Force, established two years
ago. At present, the planning staff that plans and deals with military aspects
of the Middle. East is being maintained in London under the command
of Admiral Charles D. Griffin, Commander in Chief of the Naval Forces
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. -
The proposed changes in responsibilities for Middle East planning
would transfer functions from commands now headed by admirals to a
command headed by an Army general, Paul D. Adams. The establishment
of the Strike Command and expansion of its responsibilities have been
backed by Gen. Maxwell Taylor, chairman of the United States Joint
Chiefs of Staff.
The expansion of Strike Command authority has been approved it
principle but not implemented after expression of views by Gen. Lyman L.
Lemnitzer, U.S. Commander in Chief in Europe and Supreme Allied Com-
mander in Europe.
Sources at Lemnitzer's headquarters near Paris were reported by
Baldwin as saying that he went to Washington last weekend to discuss the
Middle East command problem, his NATO responsibilities throughout the
Mediterranean and through Turkey in the Middle East. As NATO and U.S.
commander in Europe, he has been intimately involved in the problems of
NATO's Middle East flank. Troops from Lemnitzer's command, along with
elements of the U.S. Sixth Fleet, took part in the Lebanon landing in 1958.
Lemnitzer is reported as recommending against the transfer of Middle
Eastern responsibilities to the Strike Command, urging that responsibility
for the area remain with Admiral Griffin or be transferred to his command.
Replacement of Arabs in Refugee Works Urged by Gruening
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The United States was urged, in a report on
the Middle East, to seek the replacement of Arab employees of the United
Nations Relief and Works Agency by a United Nations Middle East Peace
Corps composed of volunteers from other countries than the countries
Senator Ernest Gruening, Alaska Democrat, who submitted the report
to the Subcommittee on Reorganization and International Organization of
the Committee on Government Operations of the U.S. Senate—of which he
is a member—pointed out that over 99 per cent of the employees of the
UNRWA were themselves Arab refugees. He stated that these employees
Continued on Page 3
State Dept. Conference Emphasizes Value of Foreign Aid,
Deplores Arms Race, Evaluates Emerging Global Dangers
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
WASHINGTON, D. C. — State De-
partment officials are deeply con-
cerned over the arms race in the
At the State Department National
Foreign Policy Conference for Editors
and Broadcasters held here Monday
and Tuesday, at the State Department,
with more than 400 of the nation's
leading newsmen as participants, and
the top State Department officials de-
scribing Government policies in vari-
ous areas of public concern, the arms
race was among the deplored situa-
tions that contribute towards a deteri-
oration of international relations.
Emphasis was placed at the confer-
ence on the vital importance of foreign
aid, and Israel was referred to as one
of the nations with a record of marked
Major concern was expressed at the
two-day conference, during which
President Kennedy and Secretary of
State Dean Rusk delivered off-the-
record addresses, over the Far Eastern
and Latin American deVelopments.
One of the State Department spokes-
men expressed the view that • the Soviet
Union will begin to use the United
Nations to a greater extent as an
instrument of its foreign policy. He
said that such a new trend should keep
us more on the alert because the
USSR may seek to use the UN for its
At the same time, the view was
expressed that East European Com-
munist satellites are elbowing them-
selves for more freedom of action.
An interesting point was made that
while the UN was voting unanimously
for disarmament, '70 nations were ask-
ing the United States for military
assistance and 40 other nations asked
the USSR for similar aid. These and
other disturbing elements were de-
scribed as pointing to our facing very
State Department spokesmen at the
conference included, in addition to
the Secretary of State, Averell Harri-
man, Christian Herter, Robert J. Man-
ning, George W. Ball, Harlan Cleve-
land, Edwin M. Martin, Mrs. Katie S.
Louchheim, James L. Greenfield, Eu-
gene M. Braderman, David E. Bell,
Donald M. Wilson, William C. Foster,
Roswell L. Gilpatrick.