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September 27, 1963 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-09-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, Sept. 27, 1963 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — 6

Jewry Looks to UN on Soviet, Arab Issues

(Continued from Page 1)
been written in such a way as
to emphasize the Jewish identity
of some of the defendants, an
emphasis which would not es-
cape the attention of Soviet
Jews or of those elements of
the Soviet citizenry which retain
strong anti-Semitic prejudices.
Although the trials have also
involved many persons with ap-
parent Jewish background, other
population elements, including
non-Jewish Communist party
members and public officials,
have figured as defendants."
Senators Jacob K. Javits
and Kenneth B. Keating, New
York Republicans, urged the
entire free world to arise in
protest against reported plans
of the USSR to execute a
rabbi for a so-called economic
crime. The death sentence
had been imposed in the
Soviet Union on Rabbi B.
Gavrilov, Piatygorsk.
Senator Javits told the Senate
that the death sentence "caps
a whole series of anti-Jewish
acts in the Soviet Union." He
said he hoped for a "world-wide
protest" because this "some-
times has an effect on the Com-
munists in the Soviet Union."
Sen. Keating said it was a "hor-
ribly exaggerated punishment"
for the alleged offense.

Kennedy Reproaches
Soviet Union for
Closing Synagogues

By SAUL CARSON

JTA-Jewish News UN Correspondent

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.,
(JTA)—President Kennedy, in
his address before the United
Nations General Assembly on
Friday, indirectly accused the
Soviet Union of violating the
UN Charter by closing down
synagogues. Without mention-
ing the Soviet government by
name specifically, he stressed
that member states of the
United Nations "are committed
by the Charter to promote and
respect human rights." He then
added: • -
"Those rights are not respect-
ed when a Buddhist priest is
driven from his pagoda, when a
synagogue is shut down, when a
Protestant church cannot open
a mission, when a Cardinal is
forced into hiding, or when a
crowded church service is
bombed. The United States of
America is opposed to discrimi-
nation and persecution on
grounds of race and religion
anywhere in the world, includ-
ing our own nation," he empha-
sized.
Through legislation and ad-
ministrative action, through
moral. and legal commitment, he
pointed out, the U.S. Govern-
ment "has launched a determ-
ined effort to rid our nation of
discrimination which has existed
far too long—in education, in
housing, in transportation, in
employment, in the Civil Serv-
ice, in recreation and in places
of public accommodation. And,
therefore, in this or any other
forum, we do not hesitate to
condemn racial or religious in-
justice, whether committed or
permitted by friend or by foe."
(Widespread a p p r oval of
President Kennedy's reference
to the religious discrimination
against Soviet Jewry in his
United Nations address was ex-
pressed by the Israeli press
which warned, however, that Is-
raelis will have to undertake a
more active policy in this area
to secure international support
for a change in the situation.
The world will not understand
President Kennedy's interven-
tion, "if the Israel delegation

does not express its own feel-
ings about the plight of Soviet
Jews," Haboker, General Zionist
newspaper declared, reflecting
the prevailing opinion in Israel.)
The first Arab verbal gun
against Israel at this year's
General Assembly was fired
Monday. Mohieddine Fekini,
Prime Minister and Foreign
Affairs Minister of Libya, ad-
dressing the Assembly during
the early stages of its general
debate, singled out the so-
called "Palestine problem" by
scolding the United Nations
for alleged failure to solve
this issue which, he said, con-
stituted "a grave threat to
stability and security in the
Middle East."
"Certain great powers," he
declared, "accept the Palestinian
injustice under the pretext of
maintaining the equilibrium of
forces in the Middle East." He
charged that these powers—
which he did not name—"were
being misled by the maneuvers
of international Zionism."
Asserting that the Palestinian
people will never resign them-
selves to the loss of their ances-
tral land," he declared that the
only solution to the problem is
complete "repatriation" of the
Palestinian refugees and pay-
ment of compensation to them.
Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's
Foreign Minister, arrived at
New York's International Air-
port Tuesday night and im-
mediately undertook a heavy
schedule as- head of Israel's
delegation to the United Na-
tions.
Coming in with her were her
political secretary, Sim c h a
Dinitz, and her personal sec-
retary, Mrs. Lou Kadar. Two
other members of Israel's dele-
gation to the current General
Assembly also arrived Tuesday
night. They are Simcha Pratt,
who just completed a tour of
duty as Israeli Minister to South
Africa, and Dr. Eliezer Yapou.
Mrs. Meir had arranged a
long list of appointments for
Thursday, including conf e r-
ences • with the foreign minis-
ters or other delegation chair-
men from -Brazil, Rwanda and
Nepal. On Monday she will hold
a luncheon for all women dele-
gates to this year's Assembly.
This luncheon by Mrs. Meir to
the distaff side of the diplo-
matic corps at the UN is an
annual event.
SecrCtary General U Thant
told the General Assembly,
in presenting the 1964 bud-
get for the U.N. Emergency
Force that "UNEF" continues
effectively to serve as the
stabilizing influence in main-
taining peace in the Gaza-
Sinai area of operations."
Thant presented a budget
calling for UNEF maintenance
expenditures for 1964 totaling
$18,954,300, which is $5,700
less than the 1963 budget. In
spite of reports that Thant is
considering the possibility of
reducing the strength of UNEF,
there is no such indication in
his proposed budget. He re-
ported that UNEF's strength
consists of 5,149 men.
The financing of UNEF is
one of the items of contention
in the general problem of Unit-
ed Nations financing, since the
Soviet Union and a number of
other members have refused
consistently to pay their special
UNEF assessments. "The force,"
Thant informed the Assembly,
"has continued its peace-keep-
ing so effectively that there
have been no serious incidents
during the past year. This un-

derscores the continuing need
for its mission of policing and
acting as a buffer along the
long line."
Michigan Senators Join in
Condemning USSR Bigotry

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

WASHINGTON — Fifty-nine
U.S. Senators joined Sen. Abra-
ham Ribicoff of Connecticut in
condemning the Soviet Union
for persecution of the Jews.
They appealed to the Soviet
Union "in the name of decency
and humanity" to cease execut-
ing persons for alleged eco-
nomic offenses. They also asked
the Soviet government fully to
permit freedom of religion for
Jews — and all others — within
its borders.
In the Ribicoff resolution,
Senators from both political
parties and from all sections of
the country declared there is
now "abundant evidence" that
the Soviet government was per-
secuting Jewish citizens.
The resolution specifically
condemned Russia for singling
Jews out for extreme punish-
ment for alleged economic of-
fenses, confiscating synagogues,
closing Jewish cemeteries, ar-
resting rabbis and lay religious
leaders and curtailing religious
observances.
It also protested the practice
of discriminating against Jews
in cultural activities and access
to higher education, imposing
restrictions that prevent the re-
uniting of Jews with their fami-
lies in other countries and
through other acts—oppressing
Jews from freely exercising
their faith.
By responding to their reso-
lution, the Senators said the
Soviet Union now has "a clear
opportunity to match the words
of its constitutional guarantees
of freedom of religion with
specific action."
They affirmed their deep
belief in freedom of religion
for all people and their op
position to infringement of
his freedom anywhere in the
world.
In introducing this resolution
on the floor of the Senate, Sen.
Ribicoff said, "Today—the day
after the United States Senate
gave its advice and consent to
the limited nuclear test ban
treaty — the world looks with
renewed strength and spirit
toward the prospect of peace.
It looks with - renewed strength
and spirit toward the day when
all men will enjoy the basic
freedoms.
"Yet, even today, as we look
and work towards this goal,
freedom of religion is trampled
by one of the principal parties
to a treaty which has given
new hope to the world. In the
Soviet Union the free exercise
of religion in any meaningful
sense has been denied to every-
one. But today the chief victims
of religious persecution are the
Jews."
The co-sponsors included
both Michigan senators, Patrick
V. McNamara and Philip A.
Hart.
Israel Not Worried
About Possible Reduction
of U.N. Force in Gaza
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The
possibility that U Thant, Secre-
tary-General of the United Na-
tions, might reduce the strength
of the 5,000-man United Na-
tions Emergency Force does not
concern Israel, as long as the
effectiveness of the Force is
maintained in its present posi-
tions, Foreign Ministry circles
indicated here. UNEF stands on
guard along the Gaza Strip fac-

ing Israel, and at Sharm el-
Sheikh, overlooking the Gulf of
Akaba.
Thant's mention of a possible
scaling down of UNEF has been
made informally in a press dis-
cussion of the financial difficul-
ties facing the United Nations.
Such proposals, tied to budge-
tary considerations, have been
made at the UN before, it was
pointed out here, but the only
aspect important to Israel is
that the Force continue to
maintain the peace in the areas
under its guardianship.

sought a meeting with the Sov-
iet ambassador to Brazil.
The delegation had wanted to
present to the envoy the resolu-
tions adopted at the conference,
attended by 50 intellectuals
from 12 Latin American coun-
tries. The resolutions urged the
Soviet government to grant full
rights to Russian Jewry. After
the envoy refused to see the
delegation, the resolutions were
sent to him by mail.

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Related Stories on
Pages 7, 8 and 9

Soviet Ambassador
to Brazil Refuses
to Receive Jews

RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA) —
A delegation of intellectuals
who took part in a conference
on the situation of Soviet Jewry
was rebuffed when members

4

FRIDAY,

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1



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