E JEWISH NEWS
Vol. XLIV, No. 2
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
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Security Council Vote Seen
as New Vindication of Israel,
Despite Soviet Union's Veto
Executions in USSR
Denounced: - Ukraine
Denies Bias Charges
Protests were filed in Israel, Great
Britain and the United States against the
continuing persecution of Jews in the
USSR on charges of speculations. At the
same time, the Ukraine denied, in a re-
port to the UN, that it practices racial or
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
JERUSALEM -- Chief Rabbi Yitzhak
Nissim denounced Tuesday the death sen-
tences imposed by a Soviet court on a
rabbi and two other defendants for al-
leged currency speculation, calling the
sentences a "symptom" of the Soviet atti-
tude towards its Jews.
He called on all "enlightened nations"
and "heads of religions" to join in his call
for support of the principle of the sanctity
of human life in opposition to the sen-
tences on Rabbi B. Gavrilov and two
other alleged "ringleaders of a gang" con-
victed of engaging in speculation in silver
and gold tooth fillings.
The Chief Rabbi called the sentences
"another in the series of false accusa-
tions levelled at Jews" who have been
executed recently for "economic crimes."
He added that if the charges against the
defendants contained "one iota of sub-
stance," the judgment still conflicted
with "fundamental humanitarianism" in
taking a life for such an offense.
It was reported in London from Moscow
that the rabbi was sentenced to death
by firing squad. He was identified by the
Soviet newspaper "Soviet Russia" as B.
Gavrilov of Piatigorsk, in the northern
Caucasus. Six other defendants, accused
(Continued on Page 5)
The Soviet Union cast its 101st veto in the Security Council Tuesday to defeat a joint
United States-British draft resolution which would have condemned Syria indirectly in the
murder of two Israeli farmers from the Almagor settlement on the northern border on
Aug. 19. Morocco's was the only other opposing vote. Venezuela abstained.
The Israel-Arab crisis was further aggravated on Tuesday by the Jordanian attack on
a group of workers near the Orah settlement southwest of Jerusalem. The Israelis were
working about 100 yards from the demarcation line when they were suddenly fired upon from
the Jordanian side of the border. A 60-year-old Israeli civilian worker was killed. In a sharp
complaint to the Israel-Jordan Mixed Armistice Commission, Israel charged Jordan with a
breach of the truce agreement.
The JTA reports from London an additional cause for concern in the joint announce-
ment made in Damascus Monday by Syria of a planned "Battle of Destiny." JTA reports that
the plan for an attack on Israel was listed as one of the objectives of a tightening of economic
and military ties between the two countries. The economic union announced in Damascus
was described as open to "all other revolutionary Arab governments.
The agreement followed an eight-day visit to Syria by_Iraqi President Abdel Salam Aref
who holds the rank of Field Marshall. The "Battle of Destiny" against Israel will be carried
through in a joint army commission to advance the "military and defensive cooperation" of
the two countries. The joint statement praised the Soviet Union for its "objective and sincere
stand in supporting right and peace" at the UN Security Council.
UN Security Council's Action Seen as Blow to Arab States
By SAUL CARSON
JTA and Jewish News UN Correspondent
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
UNITED NATIONS Most United Nations diplomats were of the opinion Wednesday that
the Security Council's action of Tuesday, when eight members voted an anti-Syrian resolution
which failed of official adoption only because of a Soviet veto was the most serious blow given
any Arab states here in exactly 12 years. The opinion was supported by editorials in most
of the leading newspapers in this country.
The last time the Council voted an anti-Arab resolution was on Sept. 1, 1951, when
Egypt was ordered to stop barring Israeli shipping from the Suez Canal. Since then, the
Security Council has never been able to agree on Arab censure due to Soviet vetoes or threats
of such negatory action by the USSR. Tuesday's veto by the Soviet Union was the third in-
stance when a negative Soviet vote blocked Council action against an Arab state. It was
the 101st time the Soviet had exercised its veto power to stymie Security Council action.
Anger was high here Wednesday against the Soviet - Union's action" among nearly all
diplomats except those belonging to the Soviet and Arab blocs. At the same time, there was
high praise here for the United States and British positions which persisted in efforts to put
through the resolution absolving Israel while by implication condemning Syria for the murder
of two young Israeli farmers at Kibbutz Almagor. Additionally there was almost universal
praise—again with the exception of the Soviet and Arab diplomats—for the manner in which
Michael S. Comay, Israel's permanent representative here, handled the entire issue. It was
particularly noted that both the U.S. representative, Charles W. Yost, and Mr. Comay, had
(Continued on Page 32)
Epic Story of Revolt of Bialystok Ghetto, on Its
20th Anniversary, Provides Proofs of Resistance
BY S. J. GOLDSMITH
JTA Correspondent in London
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
August marked the 20th anniversary of the revolt in the Ghetto of Bialystok.
It started on Aug. 16, 1943, and was crushed by German tanks on Aug. 30, 1943.
The revolt in the Ghetto of Bialystok was one of the most heroic acts in the
whole history of Nazi domination, and yet very little is known about it. The
matchless heroism of the participants of this splendid act of defiance went unsung,
despite the fact that the history of the revolt is documented now almost in
every detail, and that we have the accounts of surviving participants, some of
them articulate and reliable eye-witnesses.
Bialystok, an ancient Lithuanian town (in Lithuanian it means "White
Roofs"), was part of Poland between the wars. The Jewish community of the
city was famous in the Diaspora as a place of Jewish learning, a depository of
Jewish tradition and Jewish lore. Bialystok Jews were a productive group all
through the years: side by side with the scholars and sages there lived tough
Jewish workers and tradesman who made their contribution to the progressive
movements of the city and the area since the beginning of the century. Both
types of the Jewish population were proud Jews.
The Jewish underground in Bialystok was formed almost on the day the Jews
were forced into the ghetto. As far back as August 1941, there was in the ghetto
an organization to help Russian prisoners of war. A few weeks later, an anti-
Fascist movement was started in the ghetto and it grew rapidly.
The founders of the movement were mostly former members of the under-
ground Polish Communist party. But by April 1942, there was in the ghetto of
Bialystok a united anti-Fascist front, composed of members of various Socialist
groups, Zionist parties and non-party unaffiliated ordinary local Jews. The ghetto
of Bialystok soon began to feed the partisans in the area with groups of fighters,
who were smuggled out of the ghetto to fight on.
In March 1943, a Jewish partisan unit was formed in the dense forests
around Bialystok. It bore the name "Forward," which is today enshrined in the
history of Polish resistance to Nazi occupation. On May 1, 1943, there was a
strike in the factories of the ghetto, where Jews and also a number 'of Poles
worked for the German war machine. One has to conjure up from the shadows
of history the picture of a strike of slave laborers in a Polish ghetto, surrounded
by German Panzer divisions and driven by cruel and ruthless Gestapo men.
Towards the end of May 1943 there was in the ghetto of Bialystok an armed clash
between Jewish workers and German police. Soon afterwards, a high command
to prepare a general revolt in the ghetto was formed. Joint commanders were
appointed: Daniel Moskovicz, a Communist, and Mordechai Tenenbaum-Tamaroff,
a leader of Hechalutz. During July 1943, the high command of the revolt ordered
the execution- of several Jews who acted as Gestapo agents.
On the eve of the revolt, Aug. 15, 1943, the high command issued a call to
the Jews of the ghetto. Part of this proclamation from the Yiddish original
reads as follows:
"Brothers, we may be too weak to defend our lives, but we are still strong
enough to defend our honor and our human dignity and to show the world
that we have not been crushed in spirit. Do not march to your death in docile
(Continued on Page 3)