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August 23, 1963 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-08-23

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How well have relations fared
between the three major faiths
in this country, and what are
the prospects for improved and
continuing good relations? What
effect has the recent Supreme
Court decision on the reciting
of prayers in public schools had
on such relations?
"The Outbursts That Await
Us", containing three essays on
religion and culture in Amer-
ica, by Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg
of Englewood, N. J.; the Rt.
Rev. Msgr. Joseph Moody of the
faculty of Ladycliff College,
New York, and Martin E. Marty,
an associate editor of Christian
Century, published by Macmil-
lan, serves as an excellent guide
to students of the religious-
cultural problems.
The Protestant viewpoint
outlined by Mr. Marty shows
how issues become macro•
scopic, how a broadening of
the base in the spread of
publicity on the issue gives
"more apparent noise and
ugliness" to the religious con-
flict. He maintains that plu-
ralism is "insubstantial, de-
void of content."
"If pluralism does not be-
come the base for an ideology,
American religions will be in
their best positions," Mr. Marty
contends. "The positive regard
with which the American exper-
ience is held can be drawn
upon. Ideologies and fanati-
cisms can be resisted, for the
sake of maneuverability and
political opportunity."
Presenting the Catholic view-
point, Msgr. Moody is hopeful.
He declares that "on the most
divisive issue among us—that
of public aid to independent
education—a calm study of the
procedures in other democratic
countries should calm fears and
renew intelligent discussion."
He states:
"More than peaceful co-
existence is necessary if

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America is to be genuinely
enriched. It would be possible
to extract from the religious
tradition, common to us all,
those ideals which have uni-
versal appeal. Lenin remarked
that 'without revolutionary
theory, there can be no revo-
lutionary action.' Certainly it
has become apparent that
democratic action is ineffect-
tive without the stiffening of
principle. All religious groups
in America affirm the prin-
ciples that are needed to un-
derpin our democratic struc-
ture: the priinacy of man in
creation which derives from
his God-bestowed intelligence
and freedom; the primacy of
the moral and the spiritual
in human concerns; the dig-
nity and worth of every hu-
man being; the collateral
principle of his responsibility
to, and his need to recognize,
an objective moral code. This
is the rich treasure of the
American religious heritage.
It belongs to us all. Our na-
tion and the world have need
of it now. It may appear curi-
ous to posterity that at this
central point in history the
three great religious bodies in
America spent their time
wrangling about a children's
morning prayer. Maimonides,
Aquinas, and Calvin would
have been puzzled."
Pursuing the theme, Rabbi
Hertzberg states that "religion
is neither established nor com-
pletely disestablished in Amer-
ica. There is separation of
church and state but it is not
absolute." .
As a Jew, Rabbi Hertzberg
writes, feeling at home in the
American atmosphere, "my
whole tradition points toward
the equality of all faiths, even
in theory, and to their being
able to join together in practice
for moral ends." He asserts, in
reference to the controversies
that have arisen, that: "The
Founding Fathers once gave us

Seeks to Weigh the Milky Way

"Weighing the Milky Way,"
the luminous expanse of distant
stars which stretch across the
heavens, is becoming a reality
through the research efforts of
Dr. Leon Landovitz, an associ-
ate professor of physics at
Yeshiv a University's Belfer
Graduate School of Science.
Dr. Landovitz, a 31-year-old
physicist, is currently expand-
ing his research theory which
was developed three years ago

by utilizing the information
carried by radio waves which
is fed into electronic compu-
tors. This far-reaching project
of Dr. Landovitz, which he
started when he was associated
with the Brookhaven National
Laboratories, will aid in mas-
tering celestial space.
Dr. Landovitz' idea involves
the use of radio waves. After
eliminating the masking effects
created by other radio waves in
the gravitational field, he feeds
these signals from the galaxy
to electronic computors. Dr.
Liandovitz says that weighing
the Milky Way would enable
astronomers to determine how
the stars are distributed in the
galaxy and that his method.
would also pinpoint the center
of the galaxy and reveal the
velocity with which the solar
system traverses the surround-
ing stars of the Milky Way.

a clue in the First Amendment
as to how to live with such
complications in an undogmatic
way. Let us not do to one an-
other that which is hateful to
any of us. Let us stand sepa-
rately for our various truths.
Let us stand together for the
peace of society."
In the course of his analyses
Rabbi Hertzberg insists that "it
is simply not true that Jews
are completely doctrinaire in
their view of the First Amend- Lotus Little Estate
ment." He adds:
Grants $700,000 to
"Chaplains in the armed
services, prayers at state oc- Health and Welfare
casions, tax exemptions for
religious institutions and the estate of Louis Little has al-
like are practices which Jus- located grants of more than
tice Douglas would now like $700,000 to 19 local, national
to strike down, in the name and overseas health and welfare
of intellectual and legal con- organizations. Beneficiaries in-
sistency, but he is not here cluded the American Friends of
joined by any greater ground the Hebrew University, Beth
swell of Jewish than of Chris- Hamedrosh Hagodol Congrega-
tian opinion. In these areas tion, Beth Shalom Synagogue,
the Jews really are equal in Bar Ilan University in Israel
all respects to all other de- and Deuquesne University, a lo-
nominations in America, and cal Catholic Institution. Mr.
no pressure of the majority Little, a Jewish philanthropist,
or of its faith is being exer- died seven years ago.
cised upon them. Jews speak
absolutely of separation of
The world's greatest lime-
church and state on those oc- stone quarry is located at Rog-
Mila n Wineries, Detroit, Mich.
casions when they are threat- ers City.
ened with events or must sub-
mit to practices which can be
justified only if they were to
admit to themselves that their
ultimate status in America is
that of a most generously tol-
erated minority."
Encounters among the major
faiths are reviewed in this book
Rabbi Hertzberg, in his refer-
ences to the status of parochial
schools, indicates that there is
a Jewish group that stands. apart
from American society in its
sponsorship of parochial schools
and "therefore is not really in-
volved in the public school."
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He emphasizes, however:
"For the majority the public
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Santa Paula, Victoric, Kungsholm, Oslofjord, Statendam,
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where they visibly experience
their integration into America.
Resistance Fighters
Jews are therefore perhaps the
strdngest defenders of public
Seek Extension of
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"The Outbursts That Await
Limitations Law
Us" is a timely work that should
BRUSSELS (JTA) — Former lead towards more rational ap-
anti-Nazi resistance fighters here proaches to the religious con-
Birmingham MI 6-2170
strongly protested the prospect flict in America.
that war criminals will escape
trial through statutes of limita-
tions which will become effec-
"In order for a boy to be accepted for the observance of Bar Mitzvah on the
tive in Belgium and France on
Sabbath he will henceforth be required to complete satisfactorily A MINI-
May 8, 1965.
MUM OF FIVE YEARS of attendance at a regular Hebrew school, starting not
Their displeasure was height-
later than the age of 8."
ened by the likelihood that some
war criminals, including Bel-
Resolution signed by 25 greater Detroit synagogues, 1961
gium's arch - collaborator Leon
Degrelle, will be ineligible for
trial as of September, 1964, due
to his having been tried in ab-
The International Union of
Deportation and Resistance, a
Afternoon Hebrew School
group actively seeking maximum
Girls' Classes
prosecution of war criminals,
Special Classes for 6 and 7 Year Olds
plans to discuss this problem at
its forthcoming meeting in Paris
in October. Leaders of the Union
Adas Shalom
7045 Curtis
Sholem Aleichem:
fear that war criminals who
19350 Greenfield
Beth Aaron
18000 Wyoming
escape punishment will be free
Abraham Reisen:
Beth Abraham
8110 W. 7 Mile
to join and strengthen neo-Nazi
18340 W. 7 Mile
Bnai Moshe
14390 W. 10 Mile
movements. They expressed the
Temple Emanuel:
hope that governments posses-
14450 W. 10 Mile
Esther Berman
18977 Schaefer
sing evidence against war crimi-
Beth Yehudah Afternoon Schools
nals would examine the evidence
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for prompt legal action before
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15440 W. 10 Mile
their statutes of limitations set
to expire, usually 20 years after
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9 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, August 23, 1963

Need for Inter-Faith Amity Affirmed by Three
Religious Leaders in 'Outbursts That Await Us'

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