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August 16, 1963 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-08-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

BY HENRY LEONARD

Z. :

Samuel Gompers Came to the U.S. 100 Years Ago

"I wish," said President took no fees when he defended row Wilson appointed him to
Franklin D. Roosevelt, "to pay Union members. His only stipu- put into practice Pan-American
tribute to a staunch friend from lation was the inocence of the Unity. His influence did much
whom I have
man. If he thought a man guilty, to improve labor conditions in
received fine
he turned down his case.
Puerto Rico.
support in the
After the panic of 1873 had
e s t ablishment
undermined most of the exist-
of pure milk
ing labor organizations, Gom-
LAST WEEK FOR
stations for
pers became one of a militant
the feeding of
EARLY
BIRD
group to establish a strong
undernour-
cigar makers union. Out of this
SPECIAL
!
ished babies in
experience came his concept of
Order
Your
Personalized
in New York."
a strong labor organization
The staunch
IMPRINTED
which he first applied to the r.
friend was
Cigar Makers International
Samuel Gom-
Union and later used as a basis
pers and the
for the American Federation of
occasion w a s
Gompers
Labor.
the dedicatory address at the un-
The American Federation of
And Receive A Free Gift
veiling of the Samuel Gompers
Labor was organized at Colum-
Memorial statue at Washington, bus, 0., in 1881. Gompers be-
D.C., in October, 1933. The milk came its first president, and
stations were only one of the with the exception of one year,
many achievements in the life continued to serve in that ca-
of this great American Jew, who pacity until his death in 1924.
is best known as the founder
13535 W. 7 Mile Rd.
Gompers' patriotism and loy-
of the American Federation of alty to the country of his adop-
at Schaeffer
Labor and who did more in his tion never deviated. During
DI 1-0569
DI 1-3268
day than any other person to World War I, President Wood-
Ammwanimeneammimmorissw
further the cause of organized
labor in this country.
Many references to Gompers
A PHONEC
and copies of documents of this
famous Jew can be found in the
files of the American Jewish
o * A re s
Archives on the Cincinnati cam-
pus of the Hebrew Union
College-Jewish Institute of Re-
naw
ligion.
PONTIACICHIGAN
All these achievements were
a far cry from the little thin
Jewish immigrant boy of 13,
who with his family came to the
United States in the summer of
1863 to try to make a decent
SERVICE IS
living.
The Gompers family, mother,
father and five boys, of which
Samuel was the eldest, did their
own cooking in the galley of the
boat and all of them were sea-
sick in their cramped quarters.
But the discomforts of the voy-
age did not dim Samuel's thrill
at his first participation in a
Fourth of July celebration held
on board. When all present
saluted the flag, he felt that
"America is more than a name,
America is an ideal, America is
the apotheosis of all that is
right."
He was born on the East Side
of London of a Dutch-Jewish
background. He came from a
distinguished family although
his parents were very poor. The
only formal education he had
was from age six to ten at the
Jewish Free School in Spital-
fields, London. At ten, he
learned the trade of cigar
making in which his father was
engaged. As an apprentice, he
earned a shilling (12c-24c) a
week the first year and double
the amount the second year.
One of his earliest and most
abiding recollections was the
dire straits of Spitalfield's
NEXT DOOR TO
weavers. who were once thriv-
ing and prosperous.
DEXTER DAVISON MARKET
On the East Side of New
York, the boy of thirteen plied
his trade of cigar making in
his own home, and assisted his
father in his work. He joined
the Cigar Makers Union, Local
No. 15. in 1864, and faithfully
attended meetings and observed
their regulations. Gregarious by
nature, Gompers joined a Judge
and Jury Debating Club held at
Cooper Union and there made
friends with many of the men
who later became leaders in the
Labor movement. At Cooper
Union he took advantage of the
formal study courses and lec-
tures held every Saturday eve-
ning and attended them for
twenty years. A student posi-
tion in a law office which paid
him $15 a week enabled him to
study law and to take bar
exams. He called himself a
"poor devil's" lawyer, for he

New Year Cards

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"And nexf, children, comes the Emperor Tralan.
He treated our people in Judea with great sever-
ity and exterminated all the Jews in North
,ibtfrica. He is known as one of the 'Five Good
Emperors of Ancient Rome'."

Copr. 1963,. Doyen Productions

Poor Image of Jew in Novel on
Camping Life by Bert Blechman

Parents who will read "The
War of Camp Omongo" by Burt
Blechman, published by Ran-
dom House, will become jittery
about camping arrangements
for their children when they
read this novel.
There is more of rowdyism
than sportsmanship in this
novel. Because the counselors
and camp directors are them-
selves involved in sex orgies,
because they were responsible
for the war—a battle in which
blood actually was shed — and
for suspicions of motives, that
the picture portrayed here is
so repulsive.
The image of the Jew in this
novel is far from noble, and the
rabbi's role creates revulsion.
Blechman, whose first novel,
"How Much?", was published in
1961, is described by the pub-
lishers on the jacket of the book
as an author who left home at
16, joined the Merchant Marine
and later financed his career
by working as a farmhand,
realtor, waiter, shoe corporation

executive and an ad taker for
the New York Times. "Burt
Blechman used to be sent away
to summer camp every year,"
the publishers' note states.
In the latter explanation may
be found the reason for the evil
image of the Jew and the rabbi,
of the negative aspects of camp
life.
Blechman's first novel was
widely acclaimed by noted
critics. Will they have the same
opinion about his new novel?
It certainly won't have a good
reception from camp manage-
ments, and those who super-
vise community-s p o n s o r e d
camps in which the sort of life
depicted in "The War of Camp
Omongo" will certainly resent
it—and with good reason.

The taxpayer doesn't have to
foot any bills for the Michigan
State Fair. In fact, he benefits.
Last year, the State Fair made
a profit of $119,502. This year's
fair runs from Friday, Aug. 23,
through Monday, Sept. 2.

FALL-WINTER SCHEDULE

TO ISRAEL

Dates of
Departure

Oct. 14
Oct. 28
Nov. 3
Nov. 5
Nov. 23
Nov. 26
Dec. 7
Dec. 9
Dec. 15
Dec. 23
Dec. 29
Jan. 7
Jan. 12
Jan. 18
Jan. 26
Jan. 27
Feb. 9
Feb. 11
Feb. 15
Feb. 23
Feb. 25

Days in
Israel

30
28
14
30
18
29
15
30
14
30
14
30
14
15
14
30
14
30
15
14
30

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4

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••• ■ •• ■ •••40

7

(*) Rates Include:
Round-trip economy flight by
EL AL jets; double occu-
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and transfers between air-
port and hotel.

All Schedules and Prices of All-Inclusive Tours Are Subject
to Change.

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Jews in Spanish Morocco
The Jewish community of
Spanish Morocco today numbers
some 14,000 persons, about half
of whom live in Tetuan with ad-
ditional communities in Larache,
El Ksar, Villa Nador, Arzila and
smaller towns.

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OAK PARK

OPEN EVES and SUNDAY

9 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, August 1 6, 1963

DAIYENU

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