Fate of Latin American Jewries
Rests On Democratic Triumphs
Seeds of Neo-Nazism Still Latent
in Argentina, Two Groups Reveal
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
dor to Argentina. The letter
to The Jewish News)
agreed that there had been
the papers — particularly the cause that was not part of his Schteingart, president, Argen- changes for the better for Soviet
By ELIAHU SALPETER
policy, and he had a tight grip
Just as each of the Latin yellow press — gleefully point on the police. Today, the Nazis tine Jewish Institute for Cul- Jews compared with the
during the Stalin era, but
American countries has its own
and the neo-Nazis — most of ture Information, revealed dur-
particular political, economic for example, "a Jew from Po- them not necessarily Germans ing its plenary session that al- added that negative conditions
still existed. It cited the recent
and social problems, so is the
but Croats, Hungarians, etc., though anti-Semitic activity dis- imprisonment of several Rus-
position of Jews in each of them citizen."
The best relationships be- who fled Europe after World the kind banned, like Tacuara, sian Jews on charges of baking
different. There is an obvious
the Jewish community War II—pose as "the experts on "Guardia Restauradora Nacion- and selling Matzoh, the denial
correlation between the situa-
general population anti - Communism" and under alisa," has sensibly diminished of cultural and religious rights
tion in any country and the po-
in Uruguay, the that disguise successfully infil- during the first half of 1963, enjoyed by other Soviet nation-
sition of its Jewish population.
Switzerland of South America. trated the ultra - nationalistic compared with the same period alities, the absence of Yiddish
In Peru there is a military
or Hebrew schools and of cen-
The country's 50,000 Jews are and right-wing organizations,
regime. The gap between the well integrated in practically many of which were receptive in 1962. It can be noted, how- tral organizations of Jewish con-
poverty - stricken masses (con- every field of economic, social to anti-Semitic propaganda, in ever, that there exists an in- gregations, like the Orthodox
crease of xenophobic publica- Russian Church groups.
sisting mostly of the native In- and cultural activity, and—like the first place.
dian population) and the thin the rest of the population—
Concern over world public tions instigating anti-Jewish
The letter said it was diffi-
upper crust of the ruling feudal enjoy the benefits of what is opinion, -a-nd U.S.- reaction in hate.
Two Argentine of f icials cult to understand why Russian
classes is enormous. The Jewish probably the oldest and most particular, seems to be an im-
community has practically no deeply rooted democracy on the portant restraining factor agreed at a round table dis- Jews could not enjoy full free-
social and political ties with the Southern Continent. The only against further major outrages. cussion here that "the seeds dom to talk and to educate their
rest of the population. Never- political group with an anti- To undermine this factor, the of neo-Nazism are still latent" children in any language they
chose, adding "we only request
theless, anti-Semitism does not Semitic program received a anti-Semitic elements have be- in that country.
seem to present a major prob- "grand-total" of 200 votes in gun—with what appears as co-
The officials were Silvano equality in treatment, nothing
lem, presumably mainly because the last general elections.
operation from the police — a Santander, former member of more, for the Jews in the Soviet
the entire Jewish community
There is concern in Uruguay, campaign to discredit the lead- Parliament and leader of the
totals only about 5,000 souls.
both among Jews and non-Jews,
Geologists have estimated
In Chile, there are about 50,- that the virus of anti-Semitism at home and abroad by charg- Eugenio Hendler, of the Argen-
000 Jews, but there is no real will find its
i way to the country ing them with non - existent tine Institute for Culture and that under Michigan, the na-
Information. Speakers at the tion's No. 1 salt producer, still
problem of anti-Semitism here, from neighboring Argentina. Communist affiliations.
Brazil's 150,000 Jews live in round table, sponsored by the lies a salt deposit of 71 trillion
either. First of all, Chile is a Nobody believes that it was a
genuine democracy, in the Eu- coincidence that when the anti- the most dynamic, most vital Argentine-Israeli Ins t i t u t e, tons.
ropean sense, with respect not Semitic- violence in Argentina of all South American coun- stressed that a program of in-
only for divergence of political began to draw too much world tries. Tolerance is one of the formation was needed among
views but also of religious be- attention, suddenly swastikas basic elements of the Brazil- labor unions and public offi-
liefs. Moreover, the Jews play appeared in Montevideo exactly ian character and even Ca- cials to halt the spread of anti-
an active part in the political in the Argentine pattern, as if tholicism there is—and was— Semitism.
Daia, the central represen-
life of the country. There are to show that even in democratic more tolerant than in the
tative body of Argentine
Jewish members in Congress, Uruguay such things can occur. Spanish-speaking countries.
450 feet of safe, sandy, no
influential Jews in political
The future of Latin American Jewry, noted Tuesday the
In Argentina, there is a large
stone private beach.
parties and the younger gener- Jewish community, numbering Jewry is closely dependent on 11th anniversary of the li-
On Lake Huron
ation assumes an increasing about half a million. The Jews the future of Latin American
2 and 3-bedroom cottages
role in the cultural life of the are tenuously integrated in the stability. If the efforts to tuals in Russia by Stalin with
$85 to $1.35 per week
Openings Available Late
nation. Not less important is the social fabric of the country, strengthen democracy where it an appeal to the Soviet auth-
August to Labor Day
fact that the Chilean govern- with hardly any political con- exists and establish it where it orities for equality of treat-
362-2626 or WRITE:
ment would not tolerate any facts. The Catholic Church is
The appeal was made in a
MRS. REILLY, TAWAS CITY
overt signs of anti-Semitism. influential and its influence, by Jews will benefit from it like
Fpllowing the outbreak of the and large, is unfriendly toward all other Latin Americans. But letter from Daia to Nikolai
BOX 303, MICHIGAN
Argentine incidents last year, the Jews. During Peron's time, where such efforts should fail Alexeiev, the Soviet Ambassa-
the Chilean police warned the the country became a haven for and political and economic chaos
known anti-Semites that it is fleeing Nazis—but, significant- take over, the Jews will cer-
keeping a watchful eye over ly, there were no anti-Semitic tainly be among the first to
A NOTE TO OUR MANY FRIENDS, OLD AND NEW .. .
their activities—and there were outbreaks under his regime be- suffer.
no incidents in Chile.
In Mexico, there is a progres-
sive government which by no
means can be accused of anti-
Semitic policies. The Jewish
Says thanks for making this our most successful
community of about 30,000 is
relatively small, compared to
season ever. We regret to inform you that we are
the size of the population, the
completely booked for the Labor Day Weekend .. .
found guilty. Of those, 403 -were
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
majority of which, moreover, is
to The Jewish News)
I found guilty of murder and
but there are still some reservations available for a
composed of a racial mixture.
BONN — More than 10,000
manslaughter. A total of 5,025
The Catholic Church has no
few days in August .. and we are also taking reser-
war criminals have been Nazi war criminals were sen-
official standing in the country. Nazi
for the fall season.
Nevertheless, the situation of
Allied courts -sitting in West
the Jews there is far from com- Germany since the end of World
fortable. They are, by and large, War II, according to a survey ` No Future for Jews
For Colorful Brochure and
well-to-do businessmen and in- by the West German Ministry •
Write or Phone
dustrialists, but they live in a of Justice, disclosed here in So. Africa' Says
gilded ghetto as far as the so-
Israel Labor Leader
cial and political life of the Wednesday.
Of the total tried for war
country is concerned. The Mex-
JOHANNESBURG, (JTA) —
ican, by nature, is suspicious of crimes, g18 were sentenced to South African Jews are "Aston-
foreigners — and Englishmen, death, but only 489 had been ished" by Israel Labor Minister
Italians and even Spaniards of executed, the report showed. Yigal Allon's assertion that
second generation are still con- Twelve of those sentenced to there is nc future for Jews in
sidered "foreigners." The Jew death had been ordered exe- South Africa, a spokesman for
is not only a "foreigner" in the cuted by West German courts. the South African Jewish Board
national sense—he is not even the remainder having been.
a Christian as the other "for- given death sentences by Allied of Allon
made the statement in
eigners" are. There is freedom courts.
Only three of those sentenced an address in Jerusalem yes-
of the press and of publishing
in Mexico; but the other side to death by West German terday to the 30th Congress of
of the coin is that Hitler's courts were put to death before the World Union of Jewish
"Mein Kampf" and the notori- capital punishment was abol- Students, declaring that Jews
ous "Protocols of the Elders of ished in the Federal Republic could not be citizens of a coun-
by a law enacted in 1949. try which proclaimed racism as
Zion" are freely published there
West German courts tried the law of the land. He added
in Spanish in repeated editions
Relax in the world-famous Sulphur Baths and
and exported from there to oth- 12,846 Nazis since May 8, 1945, it was "disconcerting" that
er Latin American countries. the official date World War II Jewish emigrants from South
have a - soothing massage. Treat yourself
When there is a police story, ended, but only 5,526 were Africa were going to many
countries—but not to Israel.
to a Sauna hot air bath ... stimulates
The Board of Deputies
circulation and gives you sparkling new
spokesmen said bluntly that
beauty. Now you are ready to join in the
the Israeli official's view "are
not shared by South African
fun and meet new friends.
Jewry." He referred to a reso-
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