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July 26, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-26

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue. of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ SIDNEY SHMARAK

Editor and Publisher

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

HARVEY ZUCKERBERG

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the sixth day of Av, the following Scriptural selections will be read in
our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deut. 1:1-3:22. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 1:1-27.
Fast of the 9th of Av '(Tishah b'Av) will be observed Tuesday.

Licht benshen, Friday, July 26, 7:30 p.m.

VOL. XLIII. No. 22

Page Four

July 26, 1963

Globke's Guilt: Our Honor Not for Sale

There has never been any doubt that
Communist dominated East Germany will
utilize every chance that comes its way to
paint the Bonn government in the basest
form. Whenever East Germany will have
the opportunity it will depict West Ger-
many as Fascists, as still dominated by
Nazis, as the tool of the West.
Nevertheless, it was in West Germany
that former Nazis were placed on trial
and many of them continue to be tried
for their crimes against the Jews and
against Humanity. On the contrary, in
East Germany, once one has turned Com-
munist, he is apparently immune from
accusations and from danger of punish-
ment for his crimes.
It was not surprising, therefore, to
learn that Dr. Hans Globke was placed
on trial in absentia in East Berlin and
was "sentenced to life imprisonment,"
and that West Germany promptly accused
the East Germans of Communist propa-
ganda.
These are the facts in a case which
suddenly took another shocking turn
when Globke, testifying at a Nazi war
crimes trial in Wuppertal, in defense of
four former SS officers who were charged
with mass murder of Jews and others in
Nazi-occupied Russia, spoke in terms of
compulsion to follow orders. He spoke
of soldiers attached to execution squads
who "were unable to dodge duty unless
they were prepared to be shot them-
selves."
This reopens the question of "taking
orders," which was Adolf Eichmann's de-
fense.
*
*
*
A very distinguished American Catho-
lic, Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Ryan, former
Chief of the U.S. Army Chaplains, in a
book issued very recently by Random
House under the title "A Soldier Priest
Talks to Youth." disputed the Eichmann
theory of "following orders." In all
seriousness Gen. Ryan states in his in-
teresting book, which was written for
Catholic youth but from which people of
all faiths have much to learn, that "a
patriot is not the man who says, as Ste-
, phen Decatur once did, 'My country, right
or wrong, but right or wrong, my coun-
try!' If your country is wrong, you must
work to make her right, if only because
you love her so and it pains you to see
her embarked on a wicked course."
Then Gen. Ryan proceeded to state:
"The men who followed Hitler and
Mussolini said 'My country right or
wrong,' and we all know the beastli-
ness that the Nazis turned loose on the
world. Look at Adolf Eichmann, the
Nazi official whom Israel hanged in
June of 1962 for having done most to
organize the slaughter of 6,000,000
Jews during the Nazi persecution.
Eichmann's defense throughout his
trial was that he was 'following orders'!
He pleaded that he was serving his
country! Could any man have done his
country a greater disservice than to
have followed the bloody path that led
to the destruction of Germany from the
air, and its division into two separate,
hostile camps?
"No one can place country above
conscience, any more than he can place
loved ones above conscience. The
Church teaches us that the Fourth
Commandment, on which patriotism is
based, also commands: 'Obey your
mother and father in all that is not
sin.' The same applies to the father-
land: If you saw your father striking

a cripple you would be horrified and
very quick to plead with him to stop.
The same should apply to you if—God
forbid—you should find your country
bullying a little land or mistreating
minorities within its own community.
You love the face of your country too
much to see it disfigured by brutality
or prejudice."
* * *
Having reopened the issue with his
callous declaration about carrying out
orders, Dr. Globke has, perhaps inad-
vertently, reopened his own case.
While the National Guardian is
known to be leftist, with leanings favor-
able to the East Germans, an article in
which it first revealed that the East Ger-
mans were to reopen the Globke case Maxims for All Faiths
deserves very serious attention. Writing
for the Guardian from East Berlin, Edith
Anderson described the new "spotlight on
There is, of course, only one Decalogue, but there have been
Bonn's fascists" and on Globke as follows:
and

'

A warrant for the arrest of Dr. Hans
Josef Maria Globke, closest collaborator of
West German Chancellor Adenauer, has been
posted all over East Germany. People gather
around the large red poster, which has a
photograph of Globke in Nazi officer's uni-
form, and their faces grow sober as they read
the text.
The West German State Secretary of
the Chancellery Office is wanted "on strong
suspicion" of having helped "prepare and
carry out fascist laws which led to the mur-
der of millions of Jewish citizens and mem-
bers of other nations." The trial of the man
who wrote an official interpretation of the
anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws will begin—
undoubtedly without the defendant—July 8
in East Berlin, and will continue about two
weeks. Of 650 witnesses questioned in pre-
trial hearings, 150 will testify in court.
Although incriminating documents about
Globke have been publicized by the German
Democratic Republic for three years, Bonn
has ignored them. The Attorney General of
the province of Hesse, Fritz Bauer, began
"investigatory proceedings" against Globke
in 1961, but dropped them. He told the
Danish Berlingske Tidende in an interview
last February that influential circles in West
Germany "don't want any more of their for-
mer Nazis to be exposed."
Bauer, who had been in a concentration
camp himself, declared that Hitler would
find "good, fruitful soil for his ideas" in
West Germany today.

The facts are at hand, and since
Globke has not yet learned the realities
in humanism by his continued adherence,
Eichrnann-like, to the Nazi idea of "fol-
lowing orders," there must be acquies-
cence to the demand that this associate
of Konrad Adenauer, holding the respon-
sibility for the framing of the Nuremberg
anti-Semitic laws, should be exposed like
any other former Nazi chieftain.
While it is true that the charges cur-
rently leveled against Globke stem from
the Communist East German area which
is being viewed as an enemy to our sys-
tem of government, it does not mean
that when a truth emanates from there
it is to be ignored.
America has a great stake in Ger-
many. Our President stated a short time
ago that we are prepared to defend the
German cities in the interest of the com-
mon ideals that have resulted in our
mutual interest in the democratic way
of life and in the defense of Europe's
democratic strongholds. That in no sense
implies that we are to continue to tolerate
neo-Nazism, that the past is to be forgot-
ten. There are higher duties to be respect-
ed, and under no circumstances is the
human element to be sacrificed.
It must be made known that Ameri-
ca's honor is not for sale when men like
Globke are involved and that we stand
ready to receive evidence against Nazi
criminals even from East Germans.

Decalogues for Our Day

written many admonitions on good living, just international
national legislation and proper relations among men.
In "Decalogues for Our Day," published by Bloch, Rabbi
Martin H. Weitz, of the Reform congregation Beth Israel of
Atlantic City, has completed an anthology of "Ten Command.
ments" for modern living.
Indeed, he commences by quoting the Ten Commandments
of Sinai, abbreviated from chapter XX in Exodus:
1. I am the Lord thy God.
2. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
5. Honor thy father and thy mother.
6. Thou shalt not murder.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
10. Thou shalt not covet.
Then he proceeds to quote decalogues that were penned by
rabbis and others on such subjects as Faith, Democracy and
Equality, Parents and Children, Partners in Marriage, Youth and
Education, Business and Commerce and other subjects related to
problems arising in life.
In his foreword, Rabbi Weitz states that the Biblical saga of
Sinai are fundamental maxims for all faiths. Spokesmen for
many beliefs independently attempted decalogues inspired by the
words from-Sinai, and his compilation makes use of them with-
out evaluation, attaching no priorities, and are offered in this
volume as "an inspiration for ideals and values."
An introduction to the book by Dr. Jacob R. Marcus, Hebrew
Union College professor, commends Rabbi Weitz for turning "to
a peerless source of ethical creativity" for "moral inspiration."
The variety of subjects covered and the many eras and
authors represented are indicated in a number of titles, such as
"Ten Rules of Life" by Thomas Jefferson; "Ten Commandments
for Parents" by Sam Levenson; "Ani Maamin—I Believe" by
Prof. Mordecai M. Kaplan; "Decalogue of the Art of Prayer" by
Nahman of Bratzlav, and scores of others.
Among the authors of decalogues quoted are Theodore
R000sevelt, Robert Ashworth, Dr. Maurice Eisendrath, Rabbi
Israel Goldstein, Goethe, Dr. Julius Mark, Norman Vincent Peale
and others of various. faiths. Jews and non-Jews.
Of special interest is the reproduction at the end of the
book of pages from various Bibles, the Hebrew—Textus Hebrai-
cus, the Greek, Spanish, Italian, Latin and Anglican versions.
A Who's Who giving brief biographical notes of the authors
quoted assists the reader in knowing whence the decalogues stem.

Yiddish Novel Translater

'
Simon s 'In the Thicket'

"In the Thicket" continues the life story of Solomon Simon.
Begun with his "My Jewish Roots"—both books were published
by the Jewish Publication Society of America—the second vol-
ume includes the able writer's departure from home to enter a
Yeshiva until the time when he arrives in New. York.
Ably translated from the Yiddish by Moshe Spiegel, this is
the story of a vanished era, of the world in conflict for the
enlightened Talmudic scholars in the Old World.
Life in Eastern Europe becomes more understandable in
this true tale of woe as well as fascination, of the soul-searching
by Yeshiva bachurim, of an emerging non-conformity.
"In the Thicket" is the story of the struggle between tra-
dition and secularism. It is an especially valuable work for our
time, with secularism making its bid for high stakes.
Solomon Simon has produced another noteworthy novel
that is as charming as its predecessor and represents an excellent
series in story-telling.

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