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July 26, 1963 - Image 25

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Tyranny, brutality, despotism
—throughout the ages there have
been repetitions of inhumanities.
An impressive, even if depress-
ing, account of the darkest events
in history is given in "Despot-
ism: A Pictorial History of Tyr-
anny," by Dr. Dagobert D. Runes,
published by Philosophical Li-
brary (15 E. 40th, N.Y. 16).
Every era is represented with
photographs and accompanying
stories depicting the tragedies
that were inflicted upon human
beings.
"This book has been written
cum ira et studio—with anger
and purpose—to bring before the
serious reader the other side
of history, the side of the people,
who never were the beneficiaries
of power maneuvers, but rather
their victims," the author states.
While the pictorial record
commences with a resume in
which the Stalin-Ribbentrop
pact is given as an indication
of a land-grabbing attempt to
divide a people, it describes
the defeat of Kerensky by the
Communists, the massacre of
10,000 by Alexander the Great,
the works of the Caliphs in the
name of the "true faith."
In the chapter "The Lies of
Yesterday," Dr. Runes portrays
the Slaves of Caesar, the enslave-
ment by the Romans, and in the
Roman story is included "the
destruction of Jerusalem by Titus
in CE 70, marking an end to a
nation that valued freedom over
life itself."
Slaves of Arab Sheiks are
among the sufferers in ancient
times, as well as of the rulers
who are perpetuating brutalities
today.
Plunder and debauchery, rob-
beries, the plight of people who
were held for ransom, the hor-
rors during the Crusades, the ex-
ecutions of heretics—these are
among the many - revealed atro-
cities that are part of history's
"Despotism."
The candelabrum that was
stolen from the Temple of Jeru
salem among the treasures that
were "to be sold among the pa-
tricians of Rome," reproduced
from the Arch of Titus in Rome,
is pictured here, and there is a
scene showing "the fortress Ma-

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sada on the Dead Sea, where the
last of Israel's fighters made a
stand against the Roman invad-
ers."
Bringing his story up to
date, Dr. Runes also shows the
terrorism introduced by Castro.
One of the photographs shows
"Early anti-Semitic law in Ger-
many—a Jewish witness made to
swear standing barefoot on a
pigskin."
There is "The Cry for Free-
dom," and descriptions of mar-
tyrdom by those who struggled
against tyranny and lost their
lives in the battle for liberty.
"Pangs of Democracy" picture
the quests for justice in China,
in Germany, in the United
States, by "seers of a new
world," by Socrates, "on the bar-
ricades," during revolts in many
lands.
Lincoln and Garibaldi, the
pioneering by those who turned
"The Wheel of Learning," the
introduction of education among
the masses by those who defied
bigots, are the more heartening
elements in this sad story.
The Inquisition and the forced
conversion of Jews is described
in the revelations of brutalities
in Spain. "The Legacy of Poor
Jesus" shows misrepresentations
of the teachings of the New
Testament.
"The Jews and the Cross"
is a descriptive chapter of ex-
tended anti-Semitic acts dating
back from olden times and
continuing through the Hitler
era. The author asserts: "The
history of the Jews is the his-
tory of hum a n freedom.
Wherever and whenever the
principle of freedom grows
stronger, the fate of the Jews
improves, and where it de-
clines the suffering of the
Jews increases. The Jew has
become historically speaking
the touchstone of liberty."
Charlemagne's vicious blood-
thirstiness, the indignities im-
posed by the Hetmans, the tor-
tures instigated by Catherine of
Russia, Czarist cruelties with the
"nagaika," the oppressions of
Queen Elizabeth during whose
rule "Sir John Hawkins, the
spiritual father of England's
slave trade, learned to appreci-
ate the blacks as merchandise":--
these are among the many acts
of terror in mankind's history as
depicted in "Despotism."
A great document reproduced
here is the address on "Bonds-
men Freemen" to the Rebels at
Blackheath, in 1381, by John
Ball. It is a great appeal for
freedom.
The hundreds of illustrations
appearing in this 265-page large
sized book are from the leading
museums and galleries through-
out the world.
—P. S.

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LISTENING

From Scopus Magazine
Published by the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem
Was the Negev that large
area of desert land in the south
of Israel—once covered by lux-
urious vegetation? Difficult as
it is to believe, that is the con-
clusion to which palaeobotanists
are steadily being drawn as a
result of the discovery in recent
years of hundreds of fossil plants
in this part of the country. Some
of these fossils date back to the
Triassic, others to the Jurassic
and Cretaceous periods about 100
million years ago; they form a
subject of special interest to
botanists at the Hebrew Univer-
sity, where the teaching of pa-
laeobotany is assuming growing
importance.
The courses in this field are
being conducted by Dr. Jacob
Dirch who, in his frequent ex-
cursions to the Negev, often to-
gether with his students, has
found numerous specimens of
fossil plants, mainly of ferns and
conifers. He has also found many
imprints of plants clearly pre-
served in the minutest detail in
the finely-grained reddish clay
or sandstone rocks of the Makh-
tesh Ramon. Identifying the
finds is a fascinating activity,
and so far twelve species have
been identified in the Botany
Department.



Few comparable discoveries
are known to have been made
anywhere else in the Middle
East, and study of the Israel
fossils may well result in an im-
p or t an t contribution to the
knowledge of plant life and en-
vironment in past geological
eras.

FIRST SCOTCH JEWISH M.D.
Asher Asher, 19th century
Jewish physician, was instru-
mental in establishing the
United Synagogue in England
in 1870. He was the first Jew
in Scotland to enter the medi-
cal profession.

ENROUTE FROM ONE club
date to another, popular come-
dian Morty Gunty told how he
used the familiar dodge of mak-
ing a person-to-person tele-
phone call to himself at a home
number, to signal his where-
abouts free of toll charges .. .
NEW • UNIQUE • ELEGANT
After landing in New York by
plane, he put through a phone
call to Chicago to report his
safe arrival . . . The telephone
rang in his mother's house, and
the operator asked if Morty
Gunty was there . . . "No, he
DINNER • LATE SUPPER
isn't," mom said. "And tell him
BOB HAWKINS
to be sure to wear his sweater."
AT THE PIANO NIGHTLY
TERRY WEINGARDEN, 23-
year-old son of Peggy and Sam
STOUFFER'S
Weingarden, and a junior at
NORTHLAND INN
the Chicago School of Osteo-
NORTHLAND CENTER
pathy, is the youngest student
WIN TILL MIDNISNI 1I A.M. FIT. i SAT.)
ever to be elected president of
the National Osteopathy Fra-
ternity (LOGS) . . . Another
son, Michael, is externing for
the summer at the Detroit Os-
teopathic School . . . He gradu-
ates in June, '64 from the Chi-
cago school.
TWO CUB SCOUTS of the
community are young Marvin
and David, sons of Alice and
Mac Rubin . . . Last week, when
younger brother, four-year-old
Steven, fell into a shallow pool
a couple of houses away, they
rushed home to Alice with tears
in their eyes . . . "We're trying
to give him artificial respira-
tion," sobbed David. "But he
keeps getting up and walking
away."
LOTS OF SWIMMING in
store for Knights of Pythias
members of Detroit Lodge No.
55 . . . Aug. 5 is Splash Party,
with price of admission just
having an up-to-date member-
ship card . . . Aug. 15 date will
feature a gala Water Funfest
for Pythian brothers, wives and
guests . . . First 100 will get
in . . . It'll be by reservation
only . . . Both to be held at
home of Detroit No. 55's imme-
diate past grand chancellor and
present secretary, Bernard Bol-
ton and wife Esther.
FAVORITE STORIES . . . by
attorney Martin Eisenstat . . .
The boat came into New York
harbor and the rail was crowd-
ed with immigrants anxious to
catch their first glimpse of the
new world .. . They came into
the view of the Statue of Lib-
erty, all aglow with electric
lights and harbor lights of the
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skyscraper offices when one im-
UNITED BRANDS • DETROIT, MICH. U.S.A.
migrant said to the other, "With
so much light it is no wonder
Columbus could find America."
* * *
APRIL 5, 1963 . . . When
maestro Hy Pritz, violinist, is
Fine American and Italian Food
practicing "The Bee," nothing
Open daily 11:30 a.m. - 1 a.m.
CLOSED SUNDAYS
but an atomic blast would dis-
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radio in the next room blared
Private Banquet Rooms for wedding parties. Serving
with canary chirpings on a bird
the World's Finest Steaks. Chops and Sea Foods for
food program . . . It was quite
more than 26 years. All Beef aged in our cellars.
a combination of melodies . . . CHOP HOUSE
When wife Gertrude phoned,
CHOICE LIQUORS
the spirited canaries prevented MARIA'S PIZZERIA
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her good hearing . . . Finally
Specializing in Pizza Pie and Famous Italian Foods
she cried, "I can't stand it!
Parking Facilities . . . Carry-Out Service
Between the birds and bees,
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you're drivig me crazy!"

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JOEY'S

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25 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, July 26, 1963

Runes' Despotisue Portrays Danny Raskin's Was Negev Once a Garden? Fossil
Plants Give Answer to Antiquity
Story of Worldwide Cruelties

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