Spain Begins to Further Christian-Jewish Relations
(Direct JTA Telegraph Wire to The Jewish News)
PARIS—For the first time in the history of Spain, a bulletin devoted to fur-
thering Christian-Jewish relations is now being published in that country, it was
reported here Tuesday from Madrid.
The publication, "Amistad Judeo Christiana," is being published with the
approval of the Bishopric of Madrid and with favorable letters from the Archbishop
THE JEWISH NEWS
t~ ET F:
of Saragossa and the Bishop of Huelva.
The publication also contains articles by Max Mind, president of the Jewish
community of Madrid and by Dr. Solomon of Britain, a Sephardic rabbinical leader.
A tribute to the late Pope John XXIII in the first issue of the publication re-
ceived favorable attention in Spain. The magazine is to be published under sponsor-
ship of the Christian Jewish Society which was founded last year.
M I 1-1 I GA Nt
Flop of a
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Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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USSR Prejudices Exposed at
UN Meeting; Clergymen Urge
'Lift of Official Oppression'
`Jew' Causes New
Furor in Israel
(Direct JTA Telegraph Wire to The Jewish News)
JERUSALEM — Israel's Chief Rab-
binate, in an unprecedented action, sharply
criticized Monday some remarks on the
legal basis - for determination of Jewishness
in Israel which were made by Supreme
Court Justice Haim Cohn.
Justice Cohn, who was a speaker at the
second "dialogue" of American and Israeli
intellectuals held last month in Jerusalem,
asserted that the official determination or
rejection of Jewishness in Israel was based
on "biological and racist principles propa-
gated by the Nazis and incorporated in
the infamous Nuremberg laws."
His remarks sparked a debate in the
Israeli Press, both in letters to the editor
and in editorials. It was also raised in
Israel's parliament where the Poala Agudat
Israel asked whether the Justice Ministry
would institute an inquiry in the justice's
The Chief Rabbinate said in its pub-
lished statement that Justice Cohn's com-
ments were "a distortion from the point of
view of Jewish law and a defamation of
the Jewish national point of view."
Meanwhile, a hearing before the Israel Supreme
Court on a petition to bar notations "not accord-
ing to the laws of Israel" by the Interior Ministry
on mixed married records was brought to a quick
close Monday by disclosure that identity cards
in such marriages are now being recorded without
The issue was brought before the Supreme
Court on behalf of Yisraeol Schlesinger, an Israeli
who married Henriette Funck of Ghent, a Chris-
tian in Cyprus, because they could not be married
in Israel under Israeli personal status laws. When
the issue was taken to the Supreme Court, the
court ordered that the interior ministry issue
identity cards to the pair as married.
This was done, but with the disputed notation.
At the hearing Monday, Yosef Bemeashe, attorney
for the couple, asked the Supreme Court to de-
clare such notations extraneous and unconstitu-
tional. The specific request by the attorney was
for the Supreme Court to issue an order calling
on the Interior Ministiy to show cause why the
Cyprus civil marriage should not be registered
without "extraneous notation."
The attorney for the Interior Ministry then dis-
closed that the Ministry had issued a directive on
May 28 forbidding marriage registrars from
entering additional remarks on identity cards. The
court then made the order absolute. However,
the plaintiffs were awarded only partial costs in
the suit on grounds that the plaintiffs' attorney
"rushed into court" without giving the Interior
Ministry enough time to effect the new directive.
GENEVA, (JTA)—A detailed picture of Moscow's discrimination against Soviet Jews was
presented at the current meeting of the United Nations Economic and Social Council by Moshe
Bartur, head of Israel's Permanent Mission to the European Office of the United Nations.
Joining the delegates from the United States, Britain and France in their denunciation of
Soviet mistreatment of Jews, Bartur—like the other speakers—did not mention the Soviet Union
by name, in accordance with UN rules, when he spoke before the Social Committee of the
ECOSOC in the debate on furthering human rights. However, he said:
"One should not be afraid to call a spade a spade or to call anti-Seinitism just that. I am
referring especially to the most disturbing situation in one major European country which claims
that its constitution and its basic social philosophy precludes manifestations of discrimination
and of anti-Semitism. One would hope indeed that enlightened constitutions and philosophies
should have this effect, but, alas, for the people affected it is not constitutions or philosophies
which matter, as long as they experience intolerable discrimination in daily life and practice. "
Pointing out that he speaks of a country where there are 3,000,000 Jews, the Israeli
representative said that these Jews "suffer both as a group and as individuals." They are being
denied, he stated, equality in the administration of justice, freedom to leave their country, and
"This community," Bartur continued, "is connected through family ties to many other
Jewish communities throughout the world. There are few Jewish families in Israel or in the
United States who do not have a relative in the country referred to. They are almost completely
cut off, not only from their own rich past, not only prevented from sharing in the cultural and
religious Jewish activities abroad but likewise from their flesh and blood. They are not in a
position to communicate with their relatives abroad."
He cited the official and total ban on the teaching of Hebrew, and said that Jewish places
of worship "are constantly shut down, prayerbooks are not available, ritual requirements—like
unleavened bread for Passover—are denied to them. This attitude creates a climate of virulant
Continued on Page 5
Senator Hart Denies His Report Accepted
Johnson Proposals; Emphasizes That Any
Settlement 'Must Guarantee Israel's Integrity'
U.S. Senator Philip A. Hart, in statements to The Jewish News and the Jewish Telegraphic Agency,
declared this week that it was not his intention to endorse the report of Dr. Joseph E. Johnson as a solution to
the Arab refugee problem.
Senator Hart's statement was made after the appearance of the editorial in last week's Jewish News and
a JTA story, both of which revealed that the Johnson report, never previously published, was included in the
Michigan Senator's report as the chairman of the Senate Subcomthittee on Refugees and Escapees.
In his explanatory statement, after it was indicated by The Jewish News that the Johnson report was
rejected by both Israel and the Arabs and that it was considered a negative and damaging plan for the attempted
solution to the Arab-Israel problem, Senator Hart stated:
"Any solution must be part of an agreement bringing permanent peace to the Middle East. The parties
involved must themselves bring about this agreement. The settlement must recognize the integrity of Israel as a
nation and, above all, our country must fulfill its commitment to see that Israel's independence is not violated."
Senator Hart, in a supplementary statement addressed to the editor of The Jewish News, emphasizes
anew that any settlement in the Middle East "must guarantee Israel's integrity as a nation." The complete
text of his statement reads:
"Thank you very much for forwarding your editorial of July 5 referring to the report of the
Judiciary Subcommittee on Refugees and Escapees.
"Your comments, as always, were incisive and thought-provoking. You have also brought to my attention
the possibility that my position on our policy toward Israel may be misunderstood. This letter is written to
reaffirm my stand taken many times publicly and privately.
"Certainly it was not my intention even by implication to accent the report of Di. Joseph E.
Johnson as a solution to. the Arab refugee problem. The reference in the Subcommittee report was part of a
review of all activities concerning world refugee problems.
"We are in agreement that a realistic, practical solution must be found. Isolated treatment of the
refugee problem is not the answer. Lasting peace between Israel and its neighbors can be accomplished
only by settlement of all grievances.
"Permanent peace in the Middle East is an essential goal of our policy. Only the parties involved
can make this a reality.
"Any settlement must guarantee Israel's integrity as a nation. This country is obligated to fulfill its
commitment to see that Israel's independence is not violated. To this end, as you know, I have co-sponsored
with Senator Humphrey and others a resolution seeking positive administrative action resulting in a withdrawal
of nuclear arms from the area.
"Support of the democratic people of Israel is essential in our struggle to free the oppressed. The fires
of hope in others will soon die should we default in our promise to the Israelis."