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July 05, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH NEWS

-

"Liberty, when it
begins to take root,
ir, a plant of rapid
growth." — George
Washington.

Vol. XLI II, No. 19

r I=2 c) -r

A Weekly Review

NA

F-1 I •.•zs.. NJ

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Printed in a
100% Union Shop

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35,July 5, 1963

Proclaim Liberty
Throughout the
Land. Unto All the
Inhabitants There-
of! — LEV. 25:10.

$6.00 Per Year; Single Copy 20c

Fear of Arab Reactions Given as
Reason for Failure of Ecumenical
Council to Condemn Anti-Semitism

U.S. Delegate Raises
Soviet Anti-Semitism
issue at UN Session

GENEVA (JTA)—A slashing attack by an
American delegate on anti-Jewish discrimination
in the Soviet Union spotlighted the session at the
current meeting of the International Labor
Organization, June 20.
Bert Seidman, the United States delegate, said
the matter was properly one for consideration by
the specialized United Nations Agency because
. "the listing of ethnic extraction in any document
required for employment—a practice of Soviet
officials—is in itself incompatible with the prin-
ciple of non-discrimination in employment and
occupation."
Seidman was immediately denounced by the
Soviet delegate. Semione Ivanov, who accused the
American delegate of lying. Chayim Raday, an
Israeli delegate, associated himself with the
American's charges, although the Israeli was care-
ful not to refer to the Soviet Union by name.
"The whole world now knows about the resurg-
ence of anti-Semitism in the USSR, where there
is a conscious and determined policy of holding
Jews up to public opprobrium and of denying
Jews both the opportunity for religious expression
and for equal treatment in education and employ-
ment," Seidman stated. "The Jew is a second
class citizen in the Soviet Union and Soviet Jews
are considered as a national entity only when it
is to their disadvantage."
The Soviet delegate retorted that "Mr. Seid-
man's allegation that there is discrimination
against the Jews in the Soviet Union is an inven-
tion, a falsehood and an irresponsible statement."
He was supported by Pepo Cohen, government
adviser from Bulgaria, who declared that "all the
Bulgarian Jews were saved by the Communist
party and the Bulgarian people" during the Nazi
period. "In the socialist countries for the first
time in recent history. the Jews are really free
and have access to all posts and functions without
discrimination," the Bulgarian delegate said. "The
true bastions against anti-Semitism and discrimina-
tion of every kind. are the socialist countries
and particularly the Soviet Union."
The Israeli delegate declared that it would be
"well understood" that the subjects of discrimina-
tion against the Jewish minority "in a certain
important member state of ILO" was of special
concern to the Israeli delegation. He said that
while it might be argued that religious or ethnic
discrimination was irrelevant to discrimination in
employment, "we all know that discrimination is
in fact indivisible."
"Where • there is a numerus clausus limiting
opportunities for professional and academic train-
ing, applied according to written regulations,
.. there- can be and -there exists a numerus clausa
de facto," he stated.
The Israeli delegate added that in discussing
applications of international agreements, "the im-
portant aspect of performance in actual life of
the indivisible principle of non-discrimination
should be foremost" in the minds of the delegates.
. In that respect, he stated, the Israeli delegation
welcomed the fact that "the issue has been raised,
pointing to an important area of discriminatory
practices among member states of this organiza-
tion, which certainly warrants serious further
study and concern."

ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., (JTA)—A leading Jesuit theologian and authority on history
and organization of the Roman Catholic Church is on record as stating that the Ecumenical
Council had not adopted a declaration condemning anti-Semitism out of fear that this state-
ment of moral principle would be interpreted by the Arab states as a pro-Israel statement of
political intentions.
Father Gustav Weigel, professor of ecclesiology at Woodstock College, Md., and a
corresponding editor of the Jesuit weekly America, expressed his personal doubt that a state-
ment condemning anti-Semitism would be introduced when the sessions of the Ecumenical
Council will be resumed on Sept. 29.
Father Weigel's disclosures were made late Saturday night in a give-and-take session
with delegates to the National Community Relations Advisory Council after his formal
address on patterns and currents within the American Catholic community. He stressed that
Augustin Cardinal Bea, head of the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, was
interested in Jewish relations as well as Christian. He quoted the Cardinal, however, as stating
that there were "obstacles" in the path of the Council declaration on anti-Semitism.
Father Weigel disclosed that a declaration had been drafted by two Vatican authorities
on Jewish matters. He identified them as Father Rudloff, the Benedictine Abbot of two monas-
taries in the Israeli sector of Jerusalem and in Weston, and Msgr. John M. Oesterreicher, of
Seton Hall University, South Orange, N.J. But this declaration. was never submitted to the
Ecumenical Council, Father Weigel said, because, although it was a statement of moral
principle, the Arab states would understand it as backing up Israel, and therefore chiding
and rebuffing the Arab states.
Explaining why he doubts that the situation would be changed when the Ecumenical
Council resumed its session, Father Weigel said that a majority of the bishops would be in
favor of such a declaration, but the presence of Catholic minorities in Arab lands must be taken
into consideration. He also noted that there were Arab bishops in the Council whom he described
as "very sensitive indeed" to the problems of the Arab states.

(Continued on Page 8)

Euromart Talks
Disappointing,
Minister Admits

BRUSSELS (JTA)—A key official of the
European Economic Community admitted
that negotiations with Israel for trade ties
to the six-nation European Common Market
had been "disappointing and insufficient."

Jean Rey, a Minister of the EEC Com-
mission in charge of its foreign relations,
made the statement during the current
session of the European Parliament in Stras-
bourg at which a number of delegates ex-
pressed disappointment at the meager results
of the talks. He expressed the hope that
further progress would be made during the
year.

In two rounds of negotiations, an EEC
negotiating team rebuffed Israel's bid for
some kind of associate status with Euromart
or a system of preferential concessions for
its numerous exports to the six nations.
The EEC negotiators offered only some
concessions on three relatively minor cate-
gories of Israeli exports and a proposal for
a joint commission to review situations of
particularly acute pressures on Israeli ex-
ports arising from Euromart tariff policies.
Israel rejected that offer.

"We made considerable efforts to explain
the economic situation very precisely in the
talks with Israel," Rey said. "We started our
negotiations with Israel with the thought of
reaching a commercial agreement which
would give satisfaction. In dealing with
Israel, it was not a question of agreement on
one product, but rather a commercial accord.
Our negotiations have fallen into a situation
which I do not hesitate to declare disap-
pointing."

Israelis Mapai Leadership
Split; Youth Battling Old

JERUSALEM (JTA)—Efforts to bring about better under-
standing between the "young" leaders of the Mapai, Israel's
government party, and the older leadership were made here
following the submission by General Moshe Dayan of his
resignation from the Mapai Central Bureau which directs the
party's policy.
Members of the "Young Mapai" group, which is a minor-
ity in the Central Bureau. indicated that a number of others
holding key positions in Mapai would be called upon to resign
if the views of the yoUnger leaders in Mapai continued to
be ignored. Mapai's Secretary General Reuven Barkat
met with Gen. Dayan in an attempt to persuade him to with-
draw his resignation, prior to his leaving for a three week
vacation.
The "Young Mapai" group is said to have the support
of Development Minister Yosef Almogi and the Haifa Mapai
organization headed by Mayor Abba Khoushi. The group
claims that they are being constantly "majorized" by the
elder leaders of the party and their recommendations have
no chances of being accepted. The Mapai Central Bureau's
membership consists of seven leaders: Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol, Aharon Becker, Secretary General of the Histadrut,
Abba Khoushi, Reuven Barkat, Israel Yeshayahu, Shraga
Netzer and Gen. Dayan.
Reports in the press here that Gen. Dayan intends to
resign also from his post of Minister of Agriculture were
discounted despite the fact that a brief meeting between
him and Prime Minister Levi Eshkol to discuss his future
functions in the new Cabinet was believed to be inconclusive.
The new Cabinet under Prime Minister Levi Eshkol
reappointed four deputy ministers to the same posts they
held under Premier David Ben-Gurion. They are: Shimon
Peres, Deputy Minister of Defense; Rabbi Kalman Kahane,
Deputy Minister of Education; Yitzhak Rafael, Deputy Min-
ister of Health; and I. S. Ben-heir, Deputy Minister of Interior.
Yitzhak Korn was not reappointed as Deputy Finance
Minister, and the place of the second Deputy Minister of
Education vacated by the death of Ami Assaf has not been
filled. Pinhas Sapir, Minister of Finance and of Commerce
and Industry, was named to head the Ministerial Economic
Committee in place of Eshkol, who held the post under
Premier Ben-Gurion. Most of the other Cabinet committees
retained the same composition as in the previous Cabinet.

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