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June 28, 1963 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-06-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Eshkol Government Pursues

(Continued from Page 1)
The Liberal deputy contended
that Pinhas Sapir should not be
permitted to hold indefinitely
both the Commerce Ministry he
has in the present cabinet and
the Finance Ministry he will
have in the new one.
Eshkol's new government will
be one in which he will be De-
fense Minister, as was Ben-
Gurion, with the Finance Min-
istry handed over on a tempo-
rary basis to Sapir.
The Liberal deputy also criti-
cized the plan for replacement
of Abba Eban by veteran Mapai
leader Zalman Aranne as Edu-
cation Minister. Eban will be-
come Deputy Prime Minister, a
new post. Yaacov Hazan said
that the Labor parties should
have tried to form a new gov-
ernment. He conceded that
Achdut Avodah, which will con-
tinue in the new government,
had made such an effort but
that the "failure" V the effort
proved that Achdut Avodah had
little influence in the govern-
ment. He reiterated that Mapam
had declined the Achdut Avodah
bid to join the new government
because this would have implied
approval of the deeds of the
outgoing government. Mapam is
strongly opposed to the Ben-
Gurion bid for diplomatic ties
with West Germany and the
Ben-Gurion stand on handling of
Israel's Arab minority. The
Mapam deputy said the new
government was not ready to
alter any of the basic policies
of the outgoing one.
One difficulty to the forma-
tion of a new goverrunent was
resolved when Agriculture
Minister Moshe Dayan re-
versed himself and said he
would join the new Cabinet.
He had •reviously asserted
that he would resign to devote
himself to study and the writ-
ing of a book. However, the
former Chief of Staff said he
would remain in the new Cabi-
net for only a few months.
Gen. Dayan had created a
brief deadlock by reportedly
demanding the Defense port-
folio "or nothing" but
changed Ms mind and agreed
to continue as Agriculture
Minister in the new -Cabinet.
His agreement averted other
problems, primarily that in-
volving Shimon Peres, who
agreed to continue as Deputy
Defense Minister only if Day-

an remained a Cabinet mem-
ber.

Observers said that what ap-
parently emerged from the
Cabinet maneuvering in Ma-
pai was that the party vet-
erans had managed to retain
their almost total influence on
the government with the
party's "young Turks" having
almost no say in the situation.
Other members of the new
Cabinet, who will continue in
their posts, are: Mrs. Golda Meir,
Foreign Affairs; Bechor
Shitreet, Police; Dov Joseph,
Justice; YoSef Almogi, Develop-
ment; Moshe Dayan, Agricul-
ture; Eliahu Sasson, Posts—all
of Mapai; Moshe Shapiro, In-
terior and Health; Dr. Yosef
Burg, Welfare; and Zerach War-
haftig, Religious Affairs—all of
the National Religious party;
Israel Bar-Yehuda, Transport and
Yigal Allon, Labor, both of Ach-
dut Avoda.
In presenting the new gov-
ernment, Eshkol said that the
strengthening of Israel must be
a vital goal, not only for Israel
but also for the governments
that are anxious for peace in
the area and the entire world.
"We shall, therefore, continue
to demand that all peace-loving
countries should endeavor to the
limit of their capacity and in-
fluence, dissuade the Arab rul-
ers from following in the path
of aggression and military ad-
venture and to bring them to the
realization that direct negotia-
tions between Israel and the
Arab countries are the only way
to achieve peace, or progress to-
ward it," he declared.
Eshkol told the deputies that
as long as the Arab countries
maintain an aggressive policy
and continue to stockpile mod-
ern types of offensive weapons
designed for the destruction of
Israel, "we must maintain con-
stant security preparedness. A
strong Israel is a guarantee for
the prevention of war in the
Middle East."
He reiterated Israel's wish to
achieve a general disarmament
with the Arab states and said
that a special duty rests on the
powers to ensure that an arms
imbalance is not created to
Israel's detriment and to the ad-
vantage of those threatening to
attack her.
Eshkol indicated that the
new government will work un-
remittingly to ensure com-
plete integration of Israel's

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Arab citizens in all spheres
of life, will persevere to de-
velop their economy, raise
their standard of living, foster
education and improve the
services they receive.
Ben-Gurion presided at the
weekly Cabinet meeting Sunday,
presumably for the last time.
The Cabinet on Sunday dis-
cussed a number of routine mat-
ters and decided to issue a
stamp commemorating the late
President Izhak Ben Zvi. An-
other Cabinet decision calls for
cutting the current government
budget by 10,000,000 pounds
($3,334,000) to cover unfore-
seen expenditures.
A special postmark was put
into use Monday at the post of-
fices to mark the 25th anniver-
sary of the execution by the
British mandatory power of
Shlomo Ben Yossef, the young
Revisionist who became the first
Jew to be hanged for a political
crime in Palestine for many cen-
turies.
Israel's twelfth government
in 15 years of statehood was
sworn into office Wednesday.
It was based on the same
four-party coalition as that of
its predecessor under David
Ben-Gurion, comprised of 42
Mapai members, 12 National
Religious Party members,
eight Achdut Avodah, four
Arabs of two minority lists
affiliated with Mapai and two
Poale Agudat-Israel members,
commanding 68 votes in the
120-member Knesset.
The Knesset approved the
new government by a vote of
64 to 43 and • the 15-member
government then took the oath
of allegiance. The new govern-
ment was then received by
President Shazar.
Prior to the - confidence vote,
Prime Minister Eshkol told the
House that security was and
would be the government's
prime concern. He said the gov-
ernment would abide by the
Knesset resolution concerning
West German scientists work-
ing on advanced weapons sys-
tems for Egypt, adding that va-
rious measures which could not
now be disclosed were under-
way.
He assured the Arab and
Druze minorities in Israel that
their rights would be safe-
guarded and he expressed' ap-
preciation for the support his
administration had been ten-
dered earlier in the day by a
deputation of minorities.
The only new member of the
cabinet sworn in was Zalman
Aranna as Minister of Educa-
tion. Eshkol's Finance Ministry
was given to Pinhas Sapir, who
continued as Minister of Com-
merce and Industry. Premier
Eshkol also serves as Defense
Minister, as did Ben-Gurion.
Deputy Defense Minister
Shimon Peres declared
Wednesday in Parliament that
the government was acting to
implement a Knesset resolu-
tion concerning West Ger-
man scientists working on
advanced weapons systems
for Egypt but added that this
was only one aspect of Is-
rael's security problem.
Stressing that the enemy was
not West Germany but Egypt,
Peres said the arms which Is-
rael needed could be found in
three areas, the Soviet bloc, the
United States and Western Eu-
rope. He pointed out that the
Soviets had their own reasons
for not supplying arms to Israel
and - that the United States
agreement to sell Hawk ground-
to-air anti-aircraft missiles was
appreciated but did not signify
a change in permanent United

Policies

States policy which is opposed
to escalation of the arms race
in the Middle East.
Thus, he said, West Europe
was the only source of arms and
while aid from France was
available, there was a question
of whether, in view of the trend
toward European unity, France
would be able to continue aid-
ing Israel with arms independ-
ently of the course • adopted by
France's neighbors. For that
reason, he added, Israel must
follow a procedure design to
win members of the European
community over to the French
position on aiding Israel.
He insisted, however, that the

Israel government had never
taken the position that Israeli
relations with West Germany
required Israel to "go easy" in
the struggle against West Ger-
man scientists working on arms
in Egypt. He said 'no such con-
ditions or proposals entered into
Israeli ties with West Germany.

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