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June 14, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-06-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Large Increase of Intermarriage
of Jews in Canada, Study Reveals

MONTREAL, (JTA) — The
rate of intermarriage of Cana-
dian Jews increased nearly 500
per cent in the 30 years between
1928 and 1959 and "can be ex-
pected to increase" in the fu-
ture, according to a study by
the Canadian Jewish Congress
research bureau.
Louis Rosenberg, research
director of the Congress, said
the rate was likely to continue
to increase because of the ex-
pected absence of any massive
new Jewish immigration to
counter the trend toward mar-
riage outside the Jewish group.
According to the data, the
years 1921-1960 showed a total
of 63,852 Jewish marriages, in-
cluding 3,974 or 6.2 per cent
intermarriages. The rate of in-
termarriage among Jews in
Canada rose from 3.4 per cent
in 1921 to 8.5 per cent in 1960.
In the 1928-1959 period, the
rate grew from 1.9 per cent to
8.9 per cent.
The report said that the
intermarriage rate became
"almost the same among
Jewish men as among Catho-
lic and Protestant men in the
period 1951-1960. It remains
more than twice as high
among Jewish men as among
Jewish women."
During the period 1921-1960,
a total of 1,799 Canadian Jew-
ish women married 1,208 Pro-
testants 296 Roman Catholics.

45 Greek Catholics, four of
Oriental religions, 38 of "no
religion" and eight of unspeci-
fied religion. During the same
period, 3,974 Jewish men in
Canada married 2,719 Protestant
women, 1,144 Roman Catholics,
53 Greek Catholics, one of Ori-
ental religion, 32 of "no reli-
gion"and 25 of "unspecified
religion."
The date indicated that the
intermarriage rate of Canadian
Jews varied throughout areas of
Jewish population. "It is lowest
in the province of Quebec,
where there is comparatively
little social contact between the
French-speaking Catholic ma-
jority, the English-s peaking
English minority and the still
smaller Jewish minority,' the
report stated. "It is higher in •
Ontario and Manitoba and still
higher in British Colombia," the
prairie provinces and the At-
lantic provinces."
In genera 1, the report
found, the larger the Jewish
community and the more de-
veloped its religious, educa-
tional and recreational facili-
ties, the lower the rate of
intermarriage, and conversely,
the smaller and more isolated
"a Jewish community is from
other than large Jewish com-
munities, the higher is its
rate of intermarriage."
The report said the bonds
with the religious traditions
and folkways of the Jewish
settlers who came to Canada in
the period of 1881 to 1931 were
still strong but the increase in
the rate of marriages outside
the group "indicates that these
bonds are weakening and that
the Canadian Jewish community
is facings the same problems of
adaptation as the Jewish com-
munities in the other English-
snpakin 2. countries."

Eastern Congregation Stages Walkout
Against Pool Barring Temple's Negroes

NEW YORK—The withdrawal
of a picnicking Jewish congrega-
tion from a swimming club be-
cause pool facilities were denied
to a Negro member family was
applauded by the United Syna-
gogue of America with which the
temple is affiliated.
During an outing of the re-
ligious school of Temple Shorn-
rei Emunah in Montclair, N. J.,
the Negro member family was
denied access to the pool. When
Rabbi Jeshaia Schnitzer's appeal
to the club management failed,
the 40 people in the party, in-
cluding a second Negro family
which had been invited, with-
drew to a member's home and
held their outing in the yard.
The action was supported in
a message sent to the congrega-
tion by George Maislen, presi-
dent of the United Synagogue,
Rabbi Bernard Segal, executive
director, and Rabbi Harry Hal-
pern, chairman of the Social
Action Commission. The message
of support took note of the tem-
ple's "truly Jewish and Ameri-
can position."
The Negro member parents,
Ralph and Phyllis Rogers, have
five children. They came to
Montclair from New York three
years ago and joined the temple.
Their 12-year-old daughter Re-
becca attends the religious
school. The four other children—
Ralph Jr., Nathan, and twins

Aaron and Benjamin — are of
pre-school age. Rogers is a high
school teacher in New York and
Mrs. Rogers is a trained librarian.
Rogers was born into the
Jewish faith and Mrs. Rogers
was converted to Judaism at
the time of their marriage.
They are members of the tem-
ple school's PTA and Mrs.
Rogers is a member of the
sisterhood.
The Rogers family keeps a
strictly kosher home and takes
pains to instruct the children
about eating only kosher food
outside. When they came to
Montclair, Rabbi Schnitzer held
a private mezuzah-affixing cere-
mony at their home.
A complaint has been filed
with New Jersey's Division of
Civil Rights against the swim-

ming club. New Jersey law guar-
antees all privileges in places of
public accommodation. According
to a definition by the Civil
Rights Division the law covers
swimming pools.

Soviet OKs Transfer
of Remains from Kiev
Cemetery Abroad

JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Rela-
tives and other interested per-
sons wishing to transfer the
remains of relatives from the
old Likyanovka Jewish Ceme-
tery in Kiev have until the end
of June to seek such arrange-
ments.
It was also indicated that the
Soviets might again postpone
construction of housing sites
planned for the site with a
possible further extension of
the deadline. Requests for such
an extension have been sent to
Moscow by. various Jewish
groups.
There are about 10,000 graves
in the cemetery and transfer
of remains by Soviet Jews have
been going on since January.
Last April, at the request of
the late President Ben-Zvi, the
remains of Ber Berochov,
founder of the Zionist Labor
movement, were removed to
Israel. Last week Rabbi Harry
Bronstein of Brooklyn, N. Y.,
brought the remains of Rabbi
Yosef Horowitz, founder of the
Novhordok Yeshivot network,
who died in 1930, to Israel.
According to information re-
ceived here, Soviet authorities
are ready to permit more trans-
fers to Israel or anywhere else.
Application can be sent to the
Kiev Synagogue Council or to
Moscow Chief Rabbi Yehuda
Levine by mail or in person
by those visiting Russia.

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