HE JEWISH E
r R CD i
A Weekly Review
I—I I G.4.. IV
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXIII, No. 15
Printed in a
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17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit- 35, June 7, 1963
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4 Nations Asked to Join in
Assuring Middle East Peace
Increased British Penalties for
Rabble-Rousing, Nazis' Trials
Mark Anti-Bigotry Activities
BONN (JTA)—Eighteen years after the war, there are still more
than 600 trials scheduled to take place in Germany of Nazis charged with
killing Jews and others in concentration camps and in Nazi-held terri-
tories. It was reported here that it would take two to three years to
complete all the pending cases.
The Federal Supreme Court at Karlsruhe ruled that Nazi General
Erich Ehrlinger and his associates in the notorious Einsatz Commandos'
mass-killing of Jews in Eastern Erope should stand a new trial.
Ehrlinger had been charged with responsibility in 1,045 cases of
murder and sentenced in 1961 to 12 years at hard labor. The prosecution
appealed the sentence to the Karlsruhe court as too light. The Supreme
court now ordered that the entire case be referred back to the lower
court, holding that the crimes committed by the various defendants had
to be judged individually and not simply as a joint action.
The prosecution in the mass murder trial of 11 Nazis accused of
the murder of 35,000 Jews in the Minsk Ghetto filed an appeal in ,Coblenz
against a sentence of three years and six months for one of the defen-
dants as. too light. The prosecution had asked for a sentence of seven
years at hard labor for Arthur Harder of Frankfurt, 53.
In another trial, a court in Nuremberg sentenced Joseph Patter, 61,
former Nazi regional police chief in the Ukraine, to seven years hard
labor for complicity in the wartime murders of 2,400 Jews. Judge Karl
Kristl also sentenced Wilhelm Wacker, 64, another Nazi police official
in the Ukraine, to three years and eight months at hard labor for com-
plicity in more than 1,000 of the killings.
LONDON (JTA)—A bill introduced in the House of Lords to
increase penalties against extremists inciting unrest at public meetings
met sharp criticism from some Tory and Labor MPs as inadequate.
The bill was introduced in accordance with the promise of Home
Secretary Henry Brooke in the House of Commons to increase penalties
against such offenders. Under its provisions, the maximum punishment
Continued on Page 5
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — A Foreign Ministry spokesman said that
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion recently initiated a series of exchanges
by letter with President Kennedy and "other heads of state." The others
were believed to have included Soviet Premier Khrushchev, French Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle and British Premier Harold MacMillan.
The spokesman's disclosure followed widespread reports that Ben-
Gurion had received a letter from President Kennedy. The reports did not
indicate the contents of the President's reply. It was known that President
Kennedy had sent a reply and that possibly the other "heads of state"
might also have sent replies but the spokesman did not comment on this
nor on the contents of the President's reply.
of the correspondence also was not known or indicated
but apparently dated back for some time because it was indicated that
recent statements made in Washington, London and Paris expressing con-
cern over the region's stability were the result of the correspondence.
Observers in Jerusalem were inclined to view the reservations
voiced by the Premier during recent Knesset debate over President Ken-
nedy's press conference statement on the Middle East on May 9 as reflecting
the Prime Minister's dissatisfaction with the President's reply to the Ben-
It was understood that in his letters, the Prime Minister urged the
Great Powers to use their influence publicly and through diplomatic
channels to proclaim concern about the situation created by Egyptian
President Nasser's .moves toward a new United Arab Republic federation
with Syria and Iraq. BenGurion also was understood to have urged the
recipients of the letters to warn Egypt against any moves likely to lend
to conflict and he may also have raised a suggestion about a joint United
States-Soviet Union guarantee of Israel's borders or military pact between
Israel and the United States — a proposal he voiced on a nationwide tele-
vision program in the United States.
The major point underscored in the Ben-Gurion letter to President
Kennedy reportedly was that in the absence of a joint United States-Soviet
agreement about withholding arms from Egypt, Israel had no choice but to
continue to strengthen its deterrence capability and that a United States
policy aimed at containing the .Middle East arms race while Soviet arms
continued to flow freely to Egypt would have the net effect of depriving
Israel of the weapons it needed and of increasing the danger of hostile
Pope John's Death Mourned by Israel and British
Rabbis. Rome and American Jewish Communities
Direct JTA Teletype Wires from World Capitals
JERUSALEM—Chief Rabbi Yitzhak Nissim described the death of Pope
John XXIII as a "bitter blow" not only to Christendom but also to "lovers of
peace and mankind" throughout the world.
Dr. Zorach Warhaftig, the Israel Minister for Religious Affairs, said that the
Pope had been "one of the truly righteous men of the world with a liberal spirit
and respect for mankind which he extended not only to the Christian community
but also to the Jewish people."
"The sympathy he showed for the plight of the Jews during the terrible
years of the holocaust was continued when he was elected Pope and saw to the
excision from the Catholic liturgy of passages long offensive to Jews," Dr. War-
haftig added. "Blessed be his memory."
Press comment on the Pope's death stressed his liberalism and love for
mankind. One editorial said that "Jews will especially remember this Pope
who took practical steps to wipe away some of the anarchronistic remnants
of medieval anti-Semitism." Another editorial • recalled the Pope's activities
as Papal Nuncio in Turkey during the war years to counteract Nazi decrees in
the Balkans and in saving many Jewish lives.
-- •-• --*- .
- LONDON—Chief Rabbi Israel Brodie declared Tuesday in a • message to
the Vatican Secretary of State that the Jewish community of Britain "join in
the general_ grief and mourning at the passing of Pope John XXIII. Beloved of
God and his fellowmen, his life was distinguished by his humility, wisdom and
compassion. He will be remembered for his work for peace and humanity."
Tribute was paid to the memory of Pope John here Monday night, preceding
the Borman Semitic Lecture delivered. by Dr. Harry M. Orlinsky at Wayne State
University. Dr. Abram L. Spiro asked the audience to stand in tribute to the
departed Pope and Msgr. Carl F. Deady of the Michigan Archdiocese spoke
briefly evaluating Pope John's humanitarianism.
ROME — The Union of Italian Jewish Communities sent a telegram Tuesday
to the Vatican declaring that "Italian Jews present their reverence and respect
to the memory of Pope .John who toiled with high spirit to achieve among men
th e same divine harmony that governs the universe."
In a statement to the press, the Union said that the Pope's death was "a
great loss for the whole of humanity, for every nation, for every state. Because
of the Ecumenical Council "which Pope John convened" and the encyclical Peace
on Earth, the eyes of mankind were directed toward him in the hope that his
work would have been fruitful."
NEW YORK—American Jewry joined the Catholic world in mourning the
death of Pope John XXIII. Major American Jewish organizations issued statements
expressing grief and emphasizing that Pope John was one of the warmest friends
the Jews ever had in the Vatican.
Leading in tributes to Pope John was the Synagogue Council of America, the
national coordinating body representing the Orthodox, Conservative and Reform
rabbinical and congregational organizations. The statement issued by the Synagogue
Council through its president, Rabbi Julius Mark, reads:
"Men of good will everywhere, those who cherish the highest ideals of human
freedom and dignity under God, mourn the death of great spiritual leader, Pope
John XXIII. His life and noble works will long endure as an inspiration for man's
immortal quest for peace and justice."
The American Jewish Congress issued a statement extending "to the college
of cardinals and to Roman Catholics throughout the world its deepest sympathy
upon the death of Pope John XXIII."
Bnai Brith President Label A. Katz cabled to the Apostolic Secretary of State
at the Vatican the `'profound sorrow" of his organization.
ROME — The concern of Jews throughout the world . over Pope John
XXIII was reflected in the numerous messages received during the weekend by
the Vatican's Secretary of State, from Jewish communities and leaders in many
countries joining in prayer for the Pope's recovery, and expressing grief over
his state of health.
Among the messages received was one from President Schneor Zalman Shazar
of Israel and another from Chief Rabbi Itzhak Nissim of Israel. President Shazar
said in his cable to the Vatican that Pope John's life has "the blessings of Zion"
because he is a "moral fortress, a tower of goodwill to mankind and a beacon of
light for the promotion of world peace." •
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, in his capacity of president of the World Jewish
Congress, sent a message from London to the Vatican's Secretary of State in
the name of the World. Jewish Congress and of Jewish communities and organiza-
ttions in 05 countries, which are affiliated with it, "that Your Eminence may be
good enough to transmit to His Holiness our deep concern."
Continued on Page 3