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May 24, 1963 - Image 31

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-05-24

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Irving Berlin, 'Mr. American Swarin-jacobs
Music,' Marks 75th Birthday Engagement Told


On May 11, Irving Berlin was
75 years old.
Berlin was born as Israel
Baline in South Russia. He was
the youngest of eight children
of Cantor Moses Baline. The
family moved to New York
when Irving was five years old;
four years later his father died
and Irving had to help support
the family. Berlin's "career"
began at the age of 14 by sing-
ing in saloons, playing the piano
(by ear) and plugging the songs
of Tony Pastor. In 1907 he pub-
lished his first song, "Marie
from Sunny Italy." It brought
him 33 cents in royalties. Three
years later he composed the hit
tune "Alexander's Ragtime
Band" and within two years the
entire country was singing and
dancing to this song. Berlin
suddenly became the celebrity
of Tin Pan Alley, charming the
nation with his songs ; appear-
ing in his own productions, and
producing various selections
classified as typical American
light classicial music. He found-
ed the publishing firm bearing
his name and became an inter-
national figure.
Irving Berlin is not a school-
ed musician. However he has
composed an average of 25
songs a year for 45 years. Since
1907 his songs total more than
1,000. He leads by far all other
American songwriters in en-
durance and output. His experi-
ences have taught him how to
produce the right word and the
correct melody at the right
moment: "Any Bonds Today"
and "This Is The Army" are
excellent examples. Between
1911 and 1943 Berlin produced
eighteen Broadway shows—and
not one was a failure. His songs
are emotional; they are char-
acterized by simple melodies
and unsophisticated lyrics. They
reflect the man himself—mod-
est, essence of simplicity and
somewhat shy. Berlin's genius
lies in his gift for catching the
emotional emanations proceed-
ing from huge masses of his
country-men, then being able
to express in words and music
what they would love to have
expressed for them. One of hi&
outstanding national songs
which has now become an
American classic is ".Qive Me
Your Tired, Your Poor,"—From
the New Colossus, the words by
Emma Lazarus inscribed on the
base of the Statue of Liberty.
Berlin's war show, "This Is
The Army," which opened in
New York and then played
throughout the United States
and much of Europe and sub-
sequently was rewritten 4or a
-movie musical, netted $10,000,-
000. The e n t i r e multi-million
profits, including proceeds from
royalties, were donated and dis-
tributed among the Relief Agen-
cies of the Armed Forces. All

profits from "God Bless America"
were donated to the Boy Scouts
and Girl Scouts, (over $250,000)
and this song has often been
substituted for our national
During World War II he en-
tertained the Armed Forces in
the scattered islands of the Pa-
cific, in combat zones and rest
camps; later he produced shows
for the personnel of the Berlin
Airlift . Clubs, hospitals and
flight bases. Berlin has re-
ceived many awards for his out-
standing _contributions to Ame-
rica,—American Music, Ameri-
can Boys in the service and
American folk literature. In
recognition of his incalculable
services as a morale builder, he
was awarded the Medal of
Merit, and France made him
Chevalier of the Legion of
Some of his more popular
tunes—dance, jazz and ballads

Oh How I Hate to Get Up in the
Morning, A Pretty Girl Is Like a
Melody, Russian Lullaby, Blue Skies,
Always, Say It With Music, All
Alone, What'll I Do?, As Thousands
Cheer, God Bless America, Alexan-
der's Ragtime Band, Let's Have An-
other Cup of Coffee, This Is the
Army Mr. Jones, Cheek to Cheek,
When My Baby Smiles at Me, Heat
Wave, Annie Get Your Gun, and Miss

Congress Gets Pa.
Resolution Against
Red Anti-Semitism

resolution adopted by the legis-
lature of the State of Pennsyl-
vania, calling for American ac-
tion to stem rising Soviet anti-

Semitism, has been referred to
both the United States Senate

Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Swarin of
Lauder Ave. announced the en-
gagement of their daughter, Ro-
chelle Carolyn, to Howard Paul
Jacobs, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Harry Jacobs of Greenlawn Ave.
at a recent cocktail party. A
Dec. 29 wedding is planned.

Jewish Seminary Will
Train Youth Workers

NEW YORK — Asserting that
the lack of trained youth work-
ers is "perhaps the most acute
of the many shortages of pro-
fessional personnal in educa-
tion today," Dr. Bernard Man-
delbaum, Provost of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of Amer-
ica, announced a new educa-
tional program, designed to
deal with this problem.
The Seminary School of Jew-
ish Studies, according to Dr.
Mandelbaum, will develop a pro-
gram for the training of youth
workers, and will function, be-
ginning with the new academic
year, as a department of the
Teachers Institute-Seminary Col-
lege of Jewish Studies. The lat-
ter is an accredited school giv-
ing degrees of Bachelor of He-
brew Literature, and master and
doctorate degrees in religious

Foreign Relations Committee
and the House Committee on
Foreign Affairs.
The Pennsylvania resolution
noted increased injustices af-
fecting Jews in the Soviet
Union, and called on President
Kennedy to "restate the posi-
tion of the United States in op-
position to these acts of dis-
crimination against Jewish citi- American Teen Camp
zens" and have the American Located on Bar-Ilan
delegation at the United Na-
tions pursue the matter. It also Campus in Israel
called for furnishing a copy of
The campus of Bar-Ilan Uni-
the resolution to USSR Prime versity at Ramat Gan, Israel,
Minister Nikita Khrushchev, and will be the site for an Ameri-
for State Department action.
can teenage camp, according to

Micheners to Be
in Israel a Year

Hillel Receives
Award from M.I.T.

BOSTON, (JTA) — The Bnai
Brith Hillel Foundation at the
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology was honored with a Karl
Taylor Compton award for its
"major contributions to the in-
tellectual and cultural life of the
MIT community." A Compton
award is the highest university
honor to a student organization.
Mrs. Karl Compton, widow of
the former M. I. T. president, who
died in 1954, made the presenta-
tion to Howard Pielet of Chi- .
cago, a senior, president of the
M. I. T. Hillel Society, at the an-
nual awards convocation at-
tended by 500 students and fac-
ulty members. A $250 cash prize
accompanied the citation. Rabbi
Herman Pollack, a member of
the Hillel staff for 22 years, has
been director of the foundation
at MIT since 1952. He also su-
pervises the Hillel program at
Tufts Univertsity.


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16. Included is a four-day visit
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Brazil Legislature
Pays Tribute to Israel

Famous author JAMES
MICHENER and his wife leave
New York aboard an El Al
Israel Airlines jet bound for
Israel where they'll spend the
next year. Mr. and Mrs. Miche-
ner will rent an apartment in
Haifa where Michener will do
research for a novel he contem-
plates writing. "I chose Israel
to settle down and write my
book," said Michener, "because
it seemed the logical place and
I have worked in the Near
East before." Mr. and Mrs.
Michener plan to return to the
United States in time for the
opening of the New York
World's Fair next April.

The state legislature of Guana-
bara, which has its capital in
this city, held a special session
here dedicated to the celebration
of Israel's 15th anniversary.
Sixteen members of the legisla-
ture delivered addresses laud-
ing Israel's democracy and
achievements, all calling for
peace between the Arab states
and Israel.

Nazis Who Killed Jews in Ukraine
Hear Testimony of Dead Ghetto Policeman

jury court trying three former
Nazis for wartime murders of
2,400 Jews in the Rovno area
in the Ukraine, heard a sui-
cide's testimony that one of the
victims appealed to him to
spare the Jews from torture be-
fore they were murdered.
The testimony was that of for-
mer Nazi policeman Friedrich
Attinger, who was on duty in
the Sdolbunow Ghetto, and who
committed suicide in prison in
1961, apparently while awaiting
trial. According to Attinger's
statement, which was read to
the court; the chairman of the
Jewish Council of the ghetto
said to him: "I know that all of
us will have to die, but if you
are in a position to do so, see
to it that we shall not be tor-
The three Nazis, Joseph Paur,
Wilhelm Wacker and Otto Koe-
ler, are being tried for the
slaughter of the Jews in Sdol-
bunow, Misotsch and Ostrog in
October, 1942. The trial is tak-
ing place in the same court
where the Allies held the post-
war Nuremberg trials of the
major Nazi figures. Testimony
heard in the first few days of
the trial, which opened last
week, apparently was aimed at
clarifying for the jury the ques-
tion of whose orders the defen-
dants had obeyed in the mass



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Another witness, Fritz Large,
Karlsruhe former police colonel,
who is 70, testified that if Ger-
man police officers in the occu-
pied areas had refused to carry
out execution orders, nothing
much would have happened to
them. However, he added, the
ordinary policemen were afraid
of the SS courts and of the Nazi
Security Police who in 1942 had
been responsible for handling
of Jews.

CCAR Parley June 1'7 20
The Central Conference of
American Rabbis, the repre-
sentative body of the Reform
rabbis of the United States and
Canada, will hold its 74th an-
nual convention in Philadelphia,
June 17-20, at the Bellevue-
Stratford Hotel.




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