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April 26, 1963 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-04-26

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Happy Anniversary

THE JEWISH NEWS

incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle eommencing with issue. of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,

Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARM1 M. SLOMOVITZ SIDNEY SHMARAK

Editor and Publisher

Business Manager

Advertising Manager •

HARVEY ZUCKERBERG

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the third day of lyar, the following Scriptural selections will be read in our
synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Lev. 12:1-15:33. Prophetical portion, II Kings 7:3-20.

Licht benshen, Friday, April 26, 7:07 p.m.

VOL. XLIII. No. 9

April 26, 1963

Page Four

Israel's Fifteenth Anniversary

____On the 15th anniversary of the re-em-
ergence of the State of Israel, to be ob-
served here this week-end, and in corn-
munities throughout the world at events
planned during the current week, it is im-
perative that the world situation should
be taken into account, that Israel's status
among her neighbors should be consid-
ered and that, while evaluating Israel's
successes, the dangers that lie ahead
should not be overlooked.
Viewing the past, let it be remembered
that Israel has welcomed more than a
million and a half new settlers, survivors
from the Hitler gas chambers and es-
capees from persecutions in Moslem_ coun-
tries. The mere fact that the population of
650,000 at the time of Israeli's rebirth has
grown to 2,300,000 is in itself an indica-
tion of progress. Christians and Moslems
live in good neighborliness with Jews in
the new State, and a spirit of good will
emanating from there should, as it well
could without interference from outside
interfering elements, serve as a model
for inter-faith amity.
Having advanced industrially, contin-
uing to create high educational standards,
encouraging scientific research and wel-
coming the cooperation of friendly na-
tions in establishing friendly pacts, Israel
is, indeed, a model nation in an era of
strife.
One could well imagine how much
farther Israel could advance without the
urgent need for defensive .weapons and
for emphasis on protection against at-
tacks from unfriendly neighbors who con-
stantly threaten her existence! In spite of
the continuous flow of venom from so
many enemies, Israel holds its standards
of modernity high and with dignity.
Now, as the State of Israel commences
the sixteenth year of existence, its empha-
sis remains on an open door policy for
newcomers and on defense. Both condi-
tions demand the most serious considera-
tion from the Israelis' kinsmen every-
where, and from friendly nations.
The need to strengthen Israel as a re-
ceiving center for tens of thousands who
are running away from indignities in
many lands imposes upon the young state
urgent obligations. There are many who
must look for safety in Israel. They will
continue to make treks toward Israel from
Eastern Europe,. from Moslem countries,
and possibly also from Western lands
where there frequently arise evidence of
a revived anti-Semitism.
In this respect, world Jewry retains an
obligation: to provide the means for the
resettlement of the homeless, to create
economic opportunities for them, to help
Israel keep her doors open for the seek-
ers of havens for their bodies and their
spiritual yearnings.
This is where the current obligation to
the Allied Jewish Campaign, as the in-
strument that pr o v ides funds for the
United Jewish Appeal for the relief and
rehabilitation of needy and homeless
Jews, emerges as the principal cause to
be aided to the fullest. If our campaign
is to fall short of its maximum goal, it
will be to the detriment of Israel.
* * *

In order that Israel should be in a posi-
tion to overcome the inequalities that
exist in the Middle East in the military
sphere, if the small Jewish state is to
have the means wherewith to defend it-
self against the imbalance of arms in that
area, the responsibilities of caring for
newcomers must be removed from Israel

so that the state itself can provide, as it
must, the means with which to protect its
inhabitants.
'So vast is the arms supply that is being
given to Israel's enemies by Soviet Russia,
so much assistance goes to the Arab states
while Israel must look to its own laurels
in defense as well as in economic enter-
prises, that, insofar as the outside world
is concerned there is a measure of injus-
tice imposed upon Israel. Instead of creat-
ing added educational facilities, while
there is great need for an enlarged sec-
ondary school system, Israel must devote
most of the state's energies to military
alertness.
This is where Israel's kinsmen again
are called upon to play a role frequently
—to call the attention of the nations of
the world to the dangers that lurk for
Israel and to insist that due consideration
should be given to Israel's position.
* * *
Meanwhile Israel carries many burd-
ens. Tens of thousands of incoming set-
tlers, many of them from strange lands,
speaking languages generally unknown
in the land, possessing habits and prac-
ticing customs that are unlike those of
the vast majority, nevertheless are being
integrated and are provided with homes,
schooling for their children, health fa-
cilities and means of becoming economi-
cally secure.
There is scientific progress in the land,
and the schools of higher learning are
on par with the best universities in the
world.
' There is a social welfare program in
Israel of which even the most advanced
nations
would be proud.

The contributions Israel makes in the
developing of newly emerging Afro-Asian
countries is marked by unselfish motives
and a desire to help advance the interna-
tional programs for uplifting the less for-
tunate of mankind's nationalities.
Israel's record for creativity is a good
one, and on its 15th anniversary there is
need to retain that spirit.

* * *

In the process of greeting Israel's 15th
anniversary and of sharing with the Is-
raelis the joy of seeing the small state
prosper and go forth against conflicting
odds, it should not be forgotten that the
role that was played by American Jewry
in establishing the new state was im-
mense, and that the share in Israel's pro-
gress by our communities remains signifi-
cant.
We must retain that role. The United
Jewish Appeal must serve as the great in-
strument for relief and rehabilitation. The
Israel Bond drives continue as most val-
uable factors in Israel's economic develop-
ment. It is no wonder that Trygve Lie,
the first Secretary General of the United
Nations, who directed the affairs of the
UN when Israel was established and wel-
comed as the 57th member of the UN,
placed emphasis on the importance of Is-
rael Bonds and told a recent Bond con-
ference: "Those who assist Israel by buy-
ing Israel Bonds are acting like good
Jews and good American citizens. They
have in fact and in deed accepted the
principles of the United Nations Char-
ter."
Celebrating Israel's 15th anniversary,
we must not forget the Zionist role in
the creation of statehood, and Zionism's
objectives must continue to inspire us—
and especially our youth.
In this spirit we join in greeting the
people and the government of Israel on
the state's 15th anniversary.

Classic in New English Translation

`Glueckel of Hameln'

One of the great Yiddish classics was written towards the
end of the 17th century. It was the work of a brilliant Jewish
woman, saddened by her husband's death,' seeking relief from
loneliness and tormenting nights, decided to write her life's
story and thereby to pass on to her children the family back-
ground and experiences. In the course of her work, she had
incorporated historical data that throws light on conditions and
events of her time.
Glueckel of Hameln didn't write her life story with the
intention of having it emerge as a best seller or a great literary
classic. She wrote it for her children. But in its accuracy, in its
simplicity, it became a classic and remains so to this day.
Now it is available again, in what is acclaimed as the first
English translation directly from the Judeo-German in which it
was written, under the title "Glueckel of Hamelin." It was pub-
lished by Thomas Yoseloff (11 E. 36th, NY16), and Mrs. Beth-
Zion Abrahams is its translator.

*

There were two previous translations of this work into
German, from the old Judeo-German, and there was an English
translation which was done from one of the German transla-
tions, and this new work is done directly into English from
the original.
The translator, besides doing her job well by providing an
English text for a- work that has remained one of the outstand-
ing literary creations of the past three centuries, adds to the
value of the newly-published book with an introduction in which
she presents a resume of Glueckel's life.

Born in 1646 in Hamburg, Glueckel began to write her life
story in 1689. She ended her diary in 1719 — five years before
her death in 1724 at the age of 78. She had an interesting life,
and in her diary she relates about her forebears, her husbands—_
she especially spoke nostalgically about her first husband, Chaim
Segal of Hameln; and there are many German historical episodes
that find important places in her story.
Not only her family life and the events of the time, but
the fact that the dialect in which she wrote was the Middle
High German makes her. writings important for philologists.
The translator points out that the language in which Glueckel
of Hameln wrote was the forebear of modern Yiddish. It
retains even greater significance as a guide for students of
roots of modern German to get to the background of the
German language as it was used in the days of this marvelous
woman of the 17th-18th centuries.

What Glueckel described was a rich life, and the ghetto in
which she and her fellow Jews lived was turned into a kingdom
by those who, like her, sought high standards for Jewish living.
There also are deprecating elements in the book. For in-
stance, in the final pages of her story she tells about a fracas in
the synagogue on Simhat Torah, how officials quarreled and
"tore one another's head-coverings so that they stood bare-
headed in the synagogue!" Then, threatened with excommunica-
tion, "the rabbi and the parnass left the synagogue quickly to
arrange what each other's fines should be."

There are other incidents that enrich this book and give
it the status it has earned.
There are stories about her family's struggles, about mar-
riages and shadhanut — marriage-brokerage. The famous Jew
Suess Oppenheimer enters into the picture in a family role, as
an aid to her 'kin in time of need. Other historical dates, places
and personalities are part of this eminent tale.
The 40 illustrations in the book of engravings and draw-
ings relating to the period under review adds to the book's
interest.
A great classic again draws attention. Its appeal must create
an interest for Yiddishists — even though the work is in an
English translation; for historians and philologists.

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