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April 19, 1963 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-04-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

04 ■ 4)41111154NIIMIr0•1•111.011111614111 ■0■4/■011■ 11.411•1 ■ 41#0411 ■0■0■ 111414111111001111•41 ■0■ 011111114)0•004•1 ■ 1

x.

Boris Smolar's

Between You
... and Me'

I(Copyright, 1963,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

By BORIS SMOLAR

(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

Constructive Definitions
Plenty of justified Jewish criticism was voiced against the
Merriam-Webster Third New International Dictionary when it was
published two years ago. . . . Certain definitions affecting Jews
were objectionable and provoked protests. . . . The excuses given
by the editors were lame and not convincing at all. . . . The new
Webster's Seventh Collegiate Dictionary published this week by
Merriam Co., so the publishers tell us, is based on the Third New
International Dictionary to which Jews have taken objection. . . .
However, it was pleasant to establish that this new dictionary is
free from the derogatory "explanations" given in the Third New
International edition and it is free from similar objectionable
"explanations" carried in earlier editions of the same Collegiate
Dictionary. . . . You will not find there the "explanation"—car-
ried in an earlier edition—that the verb "Jew" means "to over-
reach by sharp practice or trickery." Nor will you find there any-
more that the word "jew" is used opprobriously in allusion to
practice imputed to the Jews by those who dislike them". . . The
word "race" is also carefully eliminated in defining a Jew, and
the emphasis is • laid on religion rather than on race. . . . Many
will, of course, disagree with the definition given in the new dic-
tionary that a Jew is one who is "a member of a nation existing
in Palestine from the 6th Century B. C. to the 1st century A. D."
. . . They will argue that the Jews have never ceased to exist as a
nation. . . . But, on the whole, the new edition of the Collegiate
Dictionary will be welcomed. . . It gives not one but several
definitions of the word Jew and carefully avoids derogatory nuances.
. . . It includes a number of. Hebrew words which were not in-
cluded in the earlier editions of the same dictionary. . . . It lists
for the first time the Republic of Israel and, in its biographic
addenda of over 5,000 persons who made history, David Ben-Gurion
is presented as the Prime Minister of Israel.
* 4 *
Communal Moods
Some of the larger Jewish communities in the country are
now evaluating the gains, renewals and losses in contributions
during 1962 to the local Jewish Appeal campaigns. . . . They seek
to establish the changes that have taken place in the level of
giving as compared with previous ye,ars to discover the strong and
the weak spots . of their 1962 fund-raising drive. . . . An interesting
picture emerges from the examination carried out in Newark. . . .
The 1962 United Jewish Appeal Campaign of Essex County (New-
ark) showed an increase of 9.6 percent over the amount raised in
the previous year. . . . This is higher than the 1962 average in-
crease of almost six percent by Jewish federation and welfare funds
in the United States and Canada. . . . Exclusive of the Junior
Division, there were approximately 27,400 contributors to the 1962
Essex County drive. . . . Of them close to 14 percent -increased
their gifts in 1962, more than 67 percent gave the same amount as
last year, more than five percent decreased their gifts, and more
than 13 percent were new contributors. . . . The new contributors
were offset, however, by approximately the same proportion of 1961.
contributors who made no contribution in 1962 because of removals,
refusals, and deaths. . . . About 42 percent of donors of more than
$1,000 increased their gifts in 1962. . . . This compares with about
28 per cent of the donors who contribute between $500 and $1,000,
and with 13 percent of contributors in the groups which donate less
than $5,000.

The Anti-Semitic Front
Jewish organizations are watching college student organiza-
tions which show a tendency to invite George Lincoln Rockwell,
leader of the American Nazi Party, to present his "side" in forums.
• . . In the course of one month Rockwell visited three campuses.
... He spoke at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, under
the auspices of the conservative John. Randolph Society. . . . He
turned up at Chicago University, on the invitation of a group of
students who live in Vincent Hall, a dormitory. . . . He "lectured"
at Shimer College in Mt. Carroll, Ill., to students and faculty mem-
bers. . . . At the University of Virginia, the audience—numbering
about 1,000 students—greeted the neo-Nazi tirade with laughter
and hoots. . . . Although state troopers were on hand in case of
trouble, no disorder developed. . . . At Chicago University, he
spoke before 275 students. . . . Two concentration camp survivors
attempted to make speeches and were arrested on charges of dis-
orderly conduct. . . . Emulating the American Nazi Party, another
anti-Semitic organization, the National States Rights Party, which
has been active mainly in the South, IS now attempting to organize
units on both the East and West coasts. . . . Some of its leaders
held a meeting in New York, but the main push to date has been
in Los Angeles where the NSRP staged an open meeting with
featured speakers. . . . In San Bernardino, Calif., five organizers of
the NSRP were arrested on assault charges after a meeting in a
cafe. . . . A cafe patron, Mexican-American Emilio Parker, ob-
jected to their anti-Negro and anti-Semitic remarks. . .. He charged
that he was shot with a pellet-gun by one of the NSRP members,
and then held and beaten. . . . In Florida, the conservative Party
of America merged with the NSRP.

Swastikas Plaster Dallas

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

DALLAS, Tex. — Profession-
ally made stickers bearing black
swastikas on a red background
and the words "we are back"
were found pasted on windows
on a dozen downtown stores in
Dallas, police reported Wednes-
day. All of the stores are owned
by Jewish merchants.
Police Lt. Jack Revill said a
witness, whose name he with-
held, gave a description of the
man who placed the signs on
the windows. He was described

as tall, about 50 and heavy. The
police officer said the witness
said the man held the signs
against his stomach, looked into
the windows as though window
shop-ping and then stuck on the
signs.

Rabbi Eliezer says: "A man
does not enjoy a, holiday unless
he either feasts or he studies."
Rabbi Joshua says: "Let him
divide the day, one-half for
feasting and one-half for study."
—Pesachim 43

A



Assignment to
Israel Ministry of Posts Issues
Dachau Awakens Stamp on UJA's 25th Birthday
Tragic Memories Katriel Katz, Israel

DACHAU, Germany — This
infamous war-time concentra-
tion camp is now a U.S. Army
post where light weapons are
repaired, - laundry is done, and
food is stored — including ko-
sher meats for distribution to
commissaries. The area where
inmates of the camp were quar-
tered is now a housing center
for refugees from Iron Curtain
countries who will later be ab-
sorbed into the German eco-
nomy, and the cell-block used
by the Nazis to confine VIP
prisoners is now a stockade for
Army personnel.
The story of this transforma-
tion was included in a report
to the National Area Command
Hq. in nearby Munich and for
a time was assigned to the Army
stockade in Dachau. The Na-
tional Jewish Welfare Board is
the government-authorized ag-
ency for religious, morale and
welfare service to Jews in the
U.S. Armed Forces and is re-
sponsible for recruiting, endors-
ing and serving Jewish chap-
lains in all branches of the mili-
tary.
"As you know, I was born
in Vienna and left Austria in
1940. At the time Dachau and
Buchenwald were already in-
famous concentration camps,"
Chaplain Lapp writes. "As I
sat there, my mind wandered
often to those days when the
Nazis were in their prime and
and the Jews were shipped to
these camps. I mused at this
ironic fate . . . which brought
a Jewish chaplain to counsel
men of various background in
a cell that Hitler built for the
extermination of those who op-
posed him."
Chaplain Lapp was until re-
cently assigned to the stock-
ade to interview prisoners. "I
was given lists of all prisoners
newly confined and wrote re-
ports on each of them after in-
terviewing them for screening
and evaluation," he explains.
"Sometimes as many as 40 men
would arrive each week. Some
were given parole status after
30 slays if their behavior war-
ranted . . . they were allowed
to work without too much su-
pervision and they slept in bar-
racks or two in a room with
the door opened.
"The stockade itself is not
large and consists of 180 small
cubicles, 10 by 14 feet, each
with a small barred window, an
army cot ,small sink and toilet.
The door is of heavy oak and
contains a small peephole plus
a slot for a food tray. Today the
men all eat in a mess hall but
in those days there were many
who never left their small cub-
icle. More of the amenities were
here during the. Nazi period .. .
It is not horrible now, because
of U.S. Army resources for mak.
ing the place habitable.
"Several cells are reserved
for administrative purposes.
Thus, one of them was used
for interviews by the psychia-
trist and myself with the in-
mates.
"The reminder of this seg-
ment is the Dachau Museum and
Crematorium, which today has
been remodelled and has no
resemblence to what it was in
the days of the black-shirted
beasts. The museum houses rel-
ics of the concentration camp
days . . . and is part of the
building which houses four
large ovens for cremation. But
as I have mentioned, the entire
site now appears as a glorified
garden instead of a crema-
torium."

.

Court Jeweler
Jost Liebmann, an influential
court jeweler to the Great
Elector of Brandenburg in the
17th century, was instrumental
in maintaining a favored posi-
tion of Prussian Jewry. He was
granted the unusual privilege
of opening a private synagogue.

Consul-General in New
York, presents Herbert
H. Lehman, Honorary
General Chairman of
the United Jewish Ap-
peal's 25th Anniversary
Year Committee, with
a souvenir folder of
the newly issued Israel
stamp honoring the
UJA's quarter century
of rescue, resettlement
and rehabilitation
work. The stamp, the
first to be issued in
honor of a non-Israel
Jewish organization,
and . first-day . covers
went on sale on Decem-
ber 26.

United States was to supply
equipment for the program.
While the Arabs objected to
Israel's role, neutralists and
Africans objected to Belgium,
LONDON, (JTA) — Under and the Soviet Union objected
pressure from the Arab states, to having NATO nations play a
Congo Premier Cyrille Adoula leading part in the program.
has dropped his plan to have his
national defense forces reor-
A GOOD MAN • TO KNOW I
ganized and retrained by sev-
eral NATO powers and by
Israel, according to information
For Some
from the Congo capital, Leo-
poldville.
of the
Adoula had planned to use
best
buys
Israeli training for paratroops.
Other countries involved in his
on new
plan were Belgium, Norway,
Pontiacs
Italy and Canada, while the

Congo Drops Military
Training Plan on
Objection of Arabs

and
Tempest

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