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April 19, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-04-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

USSR Returns
Matzoth Sent
From Sweden

Israeli Arabs

Need for
Page 4

XLI I I, No. 8

STOCKHOLM (JTA)—Ten out of 11 packages of matzoth, sent from this city to individuals in the Soviet
Union, have been returned without explanation, it was announced by Roder Chesed, the Swedish Association of
Jewish Assistance.
The parcels, each containing over 12 pounds of matzoth, had been addressed to Jews in 11 different Soviet
cities. All the parcels returned had been opened by Soviet customs authorities. Tass, the Soviet news agency, had
announced prior to the Passover season that matzoth could be sent to individuals in the Soviet Union.
Two members of Sweden's Parliament, who had sent appeals to Soviet authorities in Moscow, requesting
that matzoth baking be permitted there, said they have as yet received no answers to their requests.




–ri 01"T"



o f Jewish Events

A Weekly Review

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Printed in a
100% Union Shop

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. —VE 8-9364-- Detroit 35, April 19, 1963


$6.00 Per Year; Single Copy 20c

Aid to Egypt Opposed
If Peace Is Endangered

* * *


* * *

Harriman 'Concerned' But Softens Criticism of UA.R.

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Democrats and
Republicans on Monday indicated that they
will oppose further American financial assist-
ance to Egypt, in view of the fact that such
assistance enables the Egyptian government
to secure armaments from the Soviet Union
and other countries, thereby endangering the
relative peace in the Middle East.
Chairman Emanuel Celler, of the House
Judiciary Committee, announced that he
would offer an amendment to the pending
Foreign Aid bill, to prevent Egypt "from
using American aid in any manner endanger-
ing the peace in the Middle East." He cited
the Egyptian missile build-up. "We cannot

afford to lose sight of the fact that Egypt re-
fused to recognize the existence of the State
of Israel, and has again threatened to push
her into the sea," he said.
Rep. William E. Miller, chairman of the
Republican National Committee, said that the
Republican members of Congress will oppose
further American financial assistance to
Egypt. "Our economic aid to President Nas-
s6r," he said, "has enabled him to divert
enough money to purchase massive arma-
ments from Soviet Russia and other Com-
munist bloc countries, to engage in a costly
military adventure in Yemen, involving some
20,000 Egyptian soldiers, and to pay for the

development of offensive missiles."
The Republican national chairman, who
serves as a Congressman representing New
York, pointed out that "American taxpayer
dollars, therefore, make it possible for the
UAR to threaten, not only Israel, but other
sovereign Mid-East states where we have
considerable strategic political and economic
Rep. Miller charged that "pious state-
ments and assertions of friendship to the
threatened countries cannot obscure the fact
that our money is used to weaken the stabil-
ity of the Near East and world peace, and, in

Continued on Page 6

Poland Bars Newsmen from Ghetto Commemoration

LONDON (JTA)—Poland has refused to issue visas to British newspaper and
television correspondents who had planned to report the 20th anniversary com-
memoration of the Warsaw Ghetto revolt, scheduled to be held in Warsaw this
weekend. The reason given here by the Polish Embassy is that "the pressure on
-hotel accommodations in Warsaw is so great, that these accommodations are being
_reserved for people whose relatives were directly involved in the Ghetto uprising."
That statement was made here by Stanislaw Kostarski, First Secretary of the Polish
Michael Cliffe, a Labor member of Parliament, chairman of the 120-man British

Anti-Jewish 'Perfidy'
Term Eliminated from
Prayer by Pope John

NEW YORK (JTA)—Determination on the
part of Pope John XXIII to remove any anti-
Jewish traces from Catholic rites and prayers was
seen in Jewish circles here after the Pope's dra-
matic action in making a
prelate restart a Good Fri-
day prayer in Latin that
contained the words "per-
fidious Jews" and omit the
word "perfidious."
The 81-year-old Pontiff
ruled four years ago that
the word "perfidious" re-
ferring to Jews be omit-
ted from the prayer. By
mistake, however, the
canon sang the old text of
the prayer during the
Pope John
Good Friday services in
St. Peter's Basilica. Pope John, hearing the word
"perfidious," immediately ordered the prayer-
chant restarted, and the word "perfidious"
(From Rome, it was reported that the Vatican
organ, L'Osservatore Romano, denied that the
prelate acting as canon sang the old format of
the prayer. The Vatican newspaper said that Fer-
nando Cardinal Cento, the canon, read the prayer
without hesitation and without the use of the word
"perfidious." However, several newspapers in
Italy, as well as correspondents from foreign
newspapers who attended the services, insisted
that the Cardinal acting as canon inadvertently
made a lapse which the Pope caught and had the
prayer started afresh.)

delegation going to Warsaw for the commemorative ceremonies—a group that
includes non-Jews as well as Jews—informed the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that
he has told the Polish Embassy here "in no uncertain terms" of the disappointment
over the visa denials. While the ceremonies in Warsaw "must not be marred," he
declared, he will "say more about it" in Warsaw. "It is the most lamentable excuse
I have ever heard," he said, "and is bound to cause a lot of bad feeling."
Television producers for the British Broadcasting Corporation and for the
Independent Television network, as well as some of this country's best-known
Continued on Page 24

Paris Chief Rabbi Hails Pope's Encyclical
as 'Worthy of the Teachings of Israel'

PARIS (JTA)—The encyclical issued by Pope John XXIII, entitled "Pacem in Terris" (Peace on Earth),
was hailed by Dr. Jacob Kaplan, chief rabbi of Paris, as a message `-`worthy of the teachings of Israel." Dr.
Kaplan called the message a "capital" document, declaring it dealt "with the most important and most urgent
problems of our time, including that of world peace."
Dr. Kaplan emphasized particularly that portion of the encyclical, entitled "The Right to Worship God
According to One's Conscierkce," which declared: "Every human being has the right to honor God according
to the dictates of an upright conscience, and therefore the right to worship God privately and publicly."
"What I particularly want to stress," said Dr. Kaplan, "is the vigorous stand taken by the Catholic Church
in favor of all men to profess the religion of their choice, and the importance given to notions of justice in
interhuman relations—justice, which takes first place even in front of charity. I find exactly the same ideas in
the teachings of the Torah and in the Prophets of Israel."
The Pontiff's forthright statement on the freedom of religious conscience and worship for each individual.
was interpreted here by many Jewish leaders, lay and rabbinical, as a significant move away from the Catholic
Church's old inquisitorial principles which evidenced ideas of repressive persuasion against non-believers in
the dogmas of the Catholic Church.
The entire encyclical was viewed as an extension of the Pope's ideals of the universality of mankind as
shown by the manner in which he has been the architect of the Ecumenical Council which he convened in the
Vatican last October.
(Rabbi Maurice N. Eisendrath, president of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, called the
Pope's encyclical "a magnificent and historic religious document." The American Jewish Committee applauded
the encyclical as a "major document in the cause of world peace." Statements acclaiming Pope John's state-
ment were made by the Anti-Defamation League, American Jewish Congress and other national Jewish
Jewish Historian Voices Criticism Against Pius XII
FRANKFURT (JTA)—While the new encyclical of Pope John XXIII, including its condemnation of racial
persecutions and stressing human rights and the rights of minorities was widely reported in the West German
press, the influential Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung also featured criticism against the late Pope John XII
for his alleged failure to speak out in time against the Nazi holocaust.
The criticism in the Allgemeine Zeitung was by the noted Jewish historian, Leon Poliakow. Previously,
Dr. Poliakow had been quoted in the German press by Robert Leiber, who had been secretary to Pope Pius
XII. Dr. Leiber was replying to the anti-Vatican strictures contained in a new play by one of Germany's most
prominent young dramatists, Roll Hochhut. In that play, "The Deputy," Hochhut maintained that Pope Pius XII
had not aided the Jews persecuted by Hitler. Dr. Leiber quoted from Poliakow's works to disprove that
Dr. Poliakow, calling Prof. Leiber's quotations "misleading," insisted in the "Allgemeine" that "it

Continued on Page 24

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