Israel Honors Polish Woman Who Rescued Jews
A Polish Gentile woman who headed a group in Lvov engaged in the rescue of Jews during the Nazi occupa-
tion of Poland was honored with the planting of a tree in her name in the Avenue of the Righteous Gentiles.
Invited to Israel by a group of friends she had helped to save from the Nazi murder machine, Mrs. Wladyslawa Choms attended the
ceremony and called it "the first beacon light" in her life since the end of the war. The ceremony took place at the Yad Vashem Memorial
Shrine in the presence of her Israeli hosts as well as Chaplain Kahana of the Israel Air Force and former Attorney General Gideon Hausner,
both of whom are Lvov-born. Dr. Leon Kubovi, chairman of the Memorial, recalled that Madame Choms had been called "the angel of
Lvov" by those she had saved.
Vol. XLI I I, No. 7
THE JEWISH NEWS
R-CD I – r
A Weekly Review
- of Jewish Events
N/I I I—II GA,
Interest in a
Story on Page 18
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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U.S. Jewry's Offer to Send
Matzoth to USSR Unheede
Basle Cloak-Dagger Episode
Germany's Role in
Scheme Is Exposed
By EDW IN EYTAN
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
Editor's Note: This is the first of a series
of articles on "the cloak and dagger" episode
in the battle of Israel's secret services against
former German Nazis now helping Nasser in
his anti-Israel genocide projects. The material
for this series of articles was gathered in
Switzerland and Western Germany by the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency's European corre-
spondent, Edwin Eytan.
BERN, Switzerland — A crisp Swiss gov-
ernment communique last month exploded
like a bomb shell over quiet, peaceful Bern.
It said that "two Israeli . agents" had been
arrested in Zurich on March 2, on charges
of coercion on the family of a German physi-
cist working in Egypt.
The brief Swiss declaration, worthy of an
old-fashioned espionage novel, was made 13
days after the two men had been arrested.
It shook Foreign - Ministries throughout
Europe and precipitated a number of major
international crisis. It drove a wedge between
Israel and friendly Switzerland, and strained
to the utmost Jerusalem's relations with
It also served as a launching point for a
series of revelations which were soon to in-
volve a number of European countries and
firms in Germany and Switzerland. The world
was to learn that, less than 20 years after the
war, some 300 German scientists and tech-
nicians, many of them former Nazis, were
working in Egypt to develop nonconventional
arms fOr the ultimate destruction of Israel.
It also led to the discovery that apparently
honorable and . well thought of industrial
firms were selling to the Arabs the strategic
materials needed to develop nuclear, bacteri-
ological and chemical arms.
Continued on Page 24
An eleventh hour offer by presidents of 12 of the major American Jewish secular and
religious organizations—including Conservative, Orthodox and Reform Jews — to fly for
distribution among Russian Jews a planeload of matzoth, remained unheeded, and reports
relayed via London were that only a minor part of the 300,000 Jews in Moscow were enabled
to secure unleavened bread for Passover use.
Aware of the unrelenting USSR position of refusing to lift the ban that was placed on
the baking of matzoth in public bakeries. Soviet Premier Khrushchev's approval of the offer
to ship matzoth to Russia was sought Sunday, less than 40 hours before Monday's sundown,
when Passover was to commence with the first Seder service, by the heads of American
Jewish Congress, Bnai Brith, Central Conference of American Rabbis, Jewish Labor Com-
mittee, Jewish War Veterans, Rabbinical Assembly of America, Rabbinical Council of
America, Synagogue Council of America, National Community Relations Council, Union of
Orthodox Jewish Con gregations and United Synagogue of America.
The cabled offer to Khrushchev stated that unavailability of matzoth would deprive
USSR Jewry of the means of observing the important religious festival and offered not only
to ship the planeload of matzoth but also "to bear costs of distribution in accordance with
whatever means are authorized."
The action of the 12 presidents of the national movements, in which are enrolled the
overwhelming majority of American Jews, was announced at a conference at the Stephen S.
Wise Congress House in New York on Sunday.
Special prayers for the rights of the Jews in the Soviet Union were prepared and
recited in synagogues in this country and in Great Britain.
Continued on Page 3
Shadows on the Inter-Racial Front
Is Negro Antim1Whitearism Turning
Into an Anti-Semitic Movement?
By SAUL CARSON
I Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
A popular, late-night newscast on CBS-TV quotes Malcolm X, the No. 2 man in command of the
Black Muslims, telling his followers not to shed tears over Hitler's anti-Jewish holocaust. "When these
. Jews," he advises, "come up in your face, trying to get you to cry for them over what happened to them,
you tell them you don't have any tears left. You have shed too many tears for your own kind."
In Harlem, Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor,
and at the same time pastor of a congregation reputedly having the largest membership of any
Christian church in this country, rails against the fact that "white people" hold high posts in such
organizations as the Urban League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored
What Rev. Powell said, as quoted, was this: "There are no Negroes in the -American Jewish Con-
gress or in the national organizations of Italians—and show me a black Irishman if you will. The NAACP
has white people in high positions. We should boycott it." Amsterdam News, published by another man
named Powell, ran the photo of two white men at the top of its Page One story reporting the Powell-
NAACP exchange. One of those white men is definitely a Jew.
On Chicago's West Side, on Philadelphia's South Side, in the areas surrounding Pittsburgh's
Squirrel Hill, in Brooklyn's Bedford-Stuyvesant section—"all around the town," as the old song has it
—these rumblings are going on. Sometimes they are anti-Semitic in outright phrasing. Always, they are
against the Jew in fact. Now and then, the blasts take more concrete form. A cafeteria is picketed on
Harlem's main stern, 125th Street, because the new owner is not a Negro — he happens to be a Jew.
The Negro press plays up these actions—Amsterdam News in New York, Defender in Chicago, other
Papers around the country, read avidly by the Negro masses. Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Black
Muslims, with national headquarters in Chicago, spreads his hatred against all "white devils" — but,
somehow, many of them turn out to be Jewish. James Baldwin, one of the most brilliant of contemporary
American writers, who is a Negro, notes the Negro anti-Semitism in his bitter, whiplash prose.
Continued on Page 5
UN Free Emigration, Code Adopted; Opposed by Soviets
GENEVA, (JTA) — A report granting to all persons in any country the
right of emigration—a principle consistently opposed by the Soviet Union be-
cause the USSR had been singled out as a power forbidding such emigration
to Russian Jews — was adopted by the United Nations Commission on Human
Rights. The vote was 15-3. The delegations from the Soviet Union, the Ukraine
and Poland voted against the resolution adopting the report.
The Commission had under consideration a report submitted last January
by Judge Jose D. Ingles, of the Philippines, which had been adopted by the
Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities,
granting to all persons the right to leave their own country or return to their
own country. During the hot debate on the report before the Subcommission,
in New York, in January, heavy criticism was leveled against the USSR for
banning the emigration of Jews from the USSR, and note was taken of the fact
that Jews were not even allowed to go to Israel for purposes of family re-
When the Ingles report came to the full Commission, the Soviet delegate
attacked the study, declaring that the right to leave a country "is not an -important
issue." Against the Communist opposition, however, the Commission voted to
request the Secretary-General of the United Nations to distribute the Ingles report
On the issue of drafting a UN Declaration against religious intolerance,
the Commission postponed action, voting 16-0 to give that subject "priority"
at its next session, a year. from now