By RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
he various species of fruits
wily is It that till LIM III-JI,A. Llt C4 UU.
two nights of Passover the reason would not apply on the 1 nentioned in the Song of Songs
Kiddush is not recited during eve of the Passover because the : tre used to make up the Charo-
poor are expected to do all in seth.
the evening service at the syn-
* * *
agogue as is done on every their power to have wine and
purpose of the
Friday night and festival eve-
that they may take part in the
fling of the year?
Various reasons are given.
In the first place the Kiddush necessary ritual of the Seder.
If PasSover Eve is • part of the Communities were directly obli- S ome claim that the Charo-
Seder and the Seder is a ritual gated to provide the poor with seth was used in order to de-
which takes place in the home. enough wine—as well as other stroy the worms or counteract
Should there be a Seder at the needs—so that they would have the toxins /that may be present
synagogue itself the Kiddush enough to take care of them for in the bitter Herbs. Some claim
: it is to make the taste more
would be recited at the Seder the Passover.
There are those who
What is the "Charoseth?"
table at the synagogue. Thus it
The "Charoseth" is a dish claim that the appearance of
is not recited at the altar as is
usual on Friday or on other which is a mixture prepared the mixture is symbolic. Its
festival nights. Secondly, accord- from fruits, apples, nuts, pome- roughness, caused by the nuts
ing to the generally accepted granates, cinnamon, wine and a nd the hard fruit of the apple
view that the Kiddush was origi- sometimes vinegar. This is made m ake it resemble the rough sur-
nally introduced into the syna- into a paste into which the bit- f ace of the bricks. Its formation,
gogue service on Friday and ter herbs are dipped during the , ressed together like a pad, re-
Festival nights because of the Seder ceremony. The famous embles the rough surface of the
poor wayfarers who had no place Rokeach (Eleazer) stated that bricks. Its thickness resembles
t he density of the mold made
i . f or bricks. Some make it red by
10-11:11---10 -- 9 —
I u sing the wine, or soft and
, s pongy to resemble the blood
t hat was spilled in our persecu-
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t ion. There are those who claim
I t hat the apples are used to re-
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mind us of the passage in the
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song of songs which reads "under
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civ.,--ial---1 I thee . . ." (Song of Songs 8:5).
This would either symbolize the
fact that in redeeming us the
Almighty awakened us from the
Happy Passover to All
stupor of slavery or it could sym-
bolize the miraculous way in
which the child bearing women
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of the Israelites in Egypt would
hide their newborn infants under
trees such as apple trees and
they would thus be spared the
fate of being thrown into the
Nile which was decreed by the
wicked Pharoah. Inserting the
fruits mentioned in the Song of
Happy Passover to Our Relatives and Friends
Songs may be symbolic of . the
use of this Book of the Bible
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during Passover, as it is recited
after the Haggadah and on the
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Seventh Day of Passover or on
the Intermediary Sabbath of the
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* * *
Why are eggs customarily
eaten or placed on the Seder
plate on Passover Eve?
A number of reasons have
been advanced. Some see in it
a symbol of mourning — either
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because there was death during
the Exodus from Egypt — or
because of the fact that the First
night of Passover is always the
same day of the week as the
eve of Tisha B'Ab which com-
memorates the destriuction of
Best Wishes for a Happy Passover to Our
the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Friends and Patrons
This, of course, tempers our
happiness with sobriety, as is so
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often the case in Jewish rejoic-
ing. Some consider the eggs as
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a means of emphasizing that
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there were two sacrifices eaten
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on the night of the Passover—
the Paschal Lamb and the Holi-
day offering called "Chagigah."
Thus two protein sources are
placed on the plate—the shank-
bone representing the Paschal
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Lamb and the egg representing
the "Chagigah." Some consider
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the egg as a symbol of spring
since its fresh appearance sym-
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bolizes the growing things which
come into bloom with the ad-
,... vent of the spring season—the
season of the Passover. A most
interesting explanation is the
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one which considers an egg as
the symbol of the type of de-
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liverance and salvation we
achieved in Egypt or at other
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occasions. The delivery of fowl
is unlike other living species
because while other species give
birth to a finished being, the
fowl only gives birth to an egg
which is later on to hatch into
Happy Passover To Our
a living being. Thus is it with
Friends and Patrons
Jewish redemption in Egypt or
even elsewhere. Our deliverance
was not the end of the repro-
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