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April 05, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-04-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

World Jewish Population Estimated
at 13,000,000 in Statistic Surve

NEW YORK (JTA) — There
are now about 13,000,000 Jews
living in 130 countries and ter-
ritories according to a survey
conducted by the World Jewish
Congress, the results of which
were made public here.
The survey, carried out by
the Institute of Jewish Affairs,
reports that 10,000,000 Jews live
in three countries: 5,500,000 in
the United States; 2,200,000 in
Israel and about 2,300,000 in the
Soviet Union, according to fig-
ures available following the
1959 Russian census.
With the recent influx of
Jews from North Africa, par-
ticularly from Algeria, France
has moved ahead to become the
fourth largest Jewish commun-
ity in the world with a popula-
tion of 500,000 Jews. Next are
Argentina and Britain, 450,000
each; Canada 250,000; Rumania,
150,000; Brazil, 140,000; Moroc-
co 125,000; and the Union of
South Africa, 110,000.
The 11 largest communi-
ties, in which 12,1'75,000 Jews
live, comprise 93.7 per cent
of the total world Jewish pop-
ulation. There are communi-
ties of between 20,000 and
less than 100,000 in 14 lands
totaling in all 570,000, the
largest being Iran, about 80,-
000; Hungary, 75,000; Austria,
70,000 and Uruguay about 50,-
000. Another 14 countries
have Jewish communities of
between 5,000 and 20,000.
Jewish populations of be-
tween 1,000 and 5,000 live in
18 lands. Jews ranging be-
tween just a few families and
several hundred live in 64
other countries.
The new statistical survey re-
veals that no basic changes
have occurred in the geographic
distribution of the Jewish peo-
ple in 1962, with the exception
of the migration of North Afri-
can Jews to France.
Algerian Jewry was reduced
from an old-established pros-
perous community of 130,000 to
about 10,000. There were also
reductions in the numbers of
Jews in Morocco and Tunisia,
many of whom also moved to
France. Other Jewish migra-
tion was on a minor scale in
1962, involving only • modest
movements from Ea stern
Europe to Israel.
The strife in the former
Belgian Congo led to the de-
struction of Jewish life and
a veritable exodus, reducing
the number of Jews to some
600, as compared to the for-
mer community of about
2,400. The Jewish population
of Cuba, numbering between
8,000 and 10,000 before the
establishment of the present
regime, has been reduced to
under 2,500.
In giving details of the com-
munities in the various Moslem
landg, the WJC survey estab-
lished that, within 15 years, the
85,000 Jewish population of
Egypt has been reduced to

about 4,000, with emigration
still continuing. There are only
5,000 Jews left in Iraq of a
community numbering more
than 120,000 before the start of
the Arab-Israeli hostilities.
Similarly, Syrian Jewry is
down to about 3,000, or a tenth
of its peak some years ago,
while the Jewish community of

for the

her ANNIVERSARY...her

Lebanon has been reduced to
about 5,000. Only a handful of
its original 50,000 Jews now re-
main in Yemen. The Moroccan
Jewish community, numbering
250,000 in 1947, is down to
about 125,000, while Tunisian
Jewry continues to decrease and
today is estimated at about 35,-
000.

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.

COTTAGE CR CASTLE

Russia OKs Transfer
of. Borochov's Remains
from Kiev to Israel •

TEL AVIV, (JTA) — The re-
mains of Dov Ber Borochov, the
founder of Zionist Socialism,
have been transferred to Israel
from the Soviet Union for re-
interment.
Borochov was buried in 1917
in a cemetery at Kiev. His fam-
ily, which lives in Israel, heard
that Russian authorities were
planning to raze the cemetery - to
make room for a housing project.
They appealed to President Ben-
Zvi who sent a personal letter to
L. I. Breshnev, chairman of the
all-Soviet Presidium. A reply
was received last month that per-
mission had been granted for re-
burial in Israel. Joseph Tekoah,
Israel's Ambassador to Russia,
accompanied the remains back
to Israel.

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