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March 29, 1963 - Image 33

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-03-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

1'1 a- •
25 LA Clergymen Appeal to 'K' for Justice for Jews
i drash on Psalms':
Dr. Braude 7 s ` 4 M
LOS ANGELES, (JTA) — A bodies, their activities are dared policy of equality for all
Thorough Scholarly Two Volumes group
of 25 leading Los Ange- sternly circumscribed." The groups, the letter called on the

,

The visit here two weeks ago
of Dr. William G. Braude of
Providence, who addressed the
Midrasha Institute, revived in-
terest in his monumental two-
volume work, "The Midrash on
Pslams," which was published
by Yale University Press.
Containing translations of
Midrashic texts from the He-
brew and Aramaic, this schol-

(See Reviews of the
Sidney Psalter and Nora
Unwin's "The Way of the
Shepherd" on Page 38.)

arly work, which is expected to
go into a third printing soon, is
the result of many years of
Rabbi Braude's labors.
Rabbi Braude explains that
the compiling of Midrashim
actually began in second cen-
tury CE; that "post-Talmudic
Midrashim are in effect new
literary arrangements of old
material that goes back to
Talmudic times;" that Mid-
rash Tehillim (Midrash on
Psalms) belongs to the later
Midrashim, that: "On the
basis of internal evidence,
such as a possible allusion to
the Moslem caliphate, a sup-
posed reference to Apulia and
Sicily, and similar instances of
local and temporary coloring,
some scholars have concluded
that Midrash Tehillim was
compiled in Italy and as late
as the ninth century. Never-

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theless, as in all other Mid-
rashim, t h e overwhelming
body of material in Midrash
Tehillim goes back to the Tal-
mudic period."
Dr. Braude drew upon many
English versions of the Psalms
in producing his work, and he
often used his own translation
when he found that to be neces-
sary for a thorough rabbinic
understanding of a passage.
In the explanatory introduc-
tion,. Rabbi Braude states that
a reader unfamiliar with Mid-
rash may regard intense an-.
alysis of Scripture "as -a kind of
bibliolatry." He therefore de-
clares: "For the Rabbis it was
no such thing. For them it was
one - of the several ways of wor-
shipping God and of compre-
hending the mystery of His
providence."
An individual chapter is de-
voted to each of the Psalms,
and Dr. Braude has delved
into all sources to trace the
Midrashim. An example of his
work may be offered in deal-
ing with Psalm XXXII. He
points out that the words
"The Lord is my shepherd
." may be considered in the
light of the verse 'I under-
stand more from the ancients
(Ps. 119:100).' R. Jose bar
Hanina taught: In the whole
world you find no occupation
more despised than that of
the shepherd, who all his days
walks about with his staff and
his pouch. Yet David pre-
sumed to call the Holy One,
blessed be He, a shepherd! But
David said: 'I understand
more from the ancients,'
meaning that Jacob called
God Shepherd, as it is said
`The God who hath been my
shepherd all my life long
(Gen. 48:15)'; so I, too, call
God shepherd: The Lord is
my shepherd, I shall not
want.' "
Then there is this portion of
the Midrash, as translated and
interpreted by Rabbi Braude:
"Jeremiah withdrew from those
who were going into Babylon.
Then the exiles looked and saw
that Jeremiah was leaving them,
they all moaned loudly, crying
out: 'Jeremiah our master, be-
hold, thou are abandoning us!'
Thereupon the exiles wept, as it
is said 'By the rivers of Baby-
lon, there we sat down, yea, we
wept.' Jeremiah raised his voice
and said: 'I call upon heaven
and earth to witness that if you
had wept but once while you
were still in Zion, you would
not now be going into exile.' "
The more than 1,200 pages of
the two-volume "The • Midrash
on Psalms" contain more than
200 pages of additional notes,
compiled by the -translator, at-
testing to the high scholarship
and thoroughoness of Dr. Brau-
de's work.

Find Hebrew Marble Block
During demolition of an old
palace in Salerno, Italy, an an-
cient marble block was found
with a Hebrew inscription, again
proving that Jews were settled
in ancient Rome long before the
advent of Christianity.

les clergymen addressed an
unrgent appeal to Soviet Premi-
er Khrushchev to "use your
great influence to terminate the
discrimination against Jews in
the Soviet Union."
The signers of the appeal in-
cluded Bishop Gerald Kennedy
of the Methodist Church, Dr.
E. E. Colwell, president of the
Southern California School of
Theology, Dr. Carl W. Seger-
hammar, president of the Pa-
cific-Southwest Synod of the
Lutheran Church of America,
Dr. Carroll L. Shuster, execu-
tive secretary of the Synod of
California of the Southern Area
of the United Presbyterian
Church, Dr. F. C. Weirr, general
secretary of the Southern Cali-
fornia Council of Churches, and
Rabbi Samson H. Levey, profes-
sor of rabbinics at the Hebrew
Union College.
The letter noted that the So-
viet Union has repeatedly called
itself a "defender and protector
of human dignity and equality"
and then added that "while most
faiths are permitted bare neces-
sities, such as requisites for
worship, sacred literature, theo-
logical seminaries and central

Singer's 'Brothers
Ashkenazi' Issued
in World Paperback

A volume that was a sensa-
tion in its day when it first was
published by Knopf in 1936 has
been reissued as a paperback by
World Publishing Co. (2231 W.
110th, Cleveland 2).
As part of its new paperback
series, to be known as Forum
Books, World Publishing has
just released "The Brothers
Ashkenazi" by I. J. Singer.
This famous novel created so
much of a stir that it became
also one of the popular Yiddish
plays.
It is the story of the brothers
Max and Yaakob Ashkenazi of
Lodz, the industrial center of
Russian Poland. One of the
brothers hungered for power,
the other for luxury, women
and pleasure.
Traced to the family back-
ground, their father who was
the observer of traditional
mores, the brothers emerge as
products of their time that led
to tragedies and to the end of
an old era.
In the translation from the
Yiddish by Maurice Samuel, the
popular novel, in the new pub-
lisher's garb, is certain to be as
good a seller now as it was more
than a quarter of a century ago
when Singer first wrote "The
Brothers Ashkenazi."

OFFICER IN UNION FORCES
Frederick Knefler, a Hun-
garian-born Jew who fought
with the Union forces in the
United States Civil War, be-
came the highest ranking Jew-
ish officer at that time when
he attained the rank of brig-
adier general.

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letter said members of all
faiths "suffer harassment" but
none of the major religions
"have been stibjected to the ex-
traordinary disabilities inflicted
on Judaism and its followers."
Urging that the Soviet Gov-
ernment conform its practices
in regard to Jews . with its de-

Soviet authorities to set free
imprisoned synagogue leaders,
rescind the ban on matzoth
baking, make available ritual
articles and Jewish prayer-
books, permit Yiddish schools
and theaters to function again
and allow Yiddish books and
newspapers to be published.

MICHIGAN SUPREME COURT

MONDAY, APRIL 1

VOTE THE SEPARATE NON-PARTISAN JUDICIAL BALLOT

Committee To Elect Paul L. Adams To The Supreme Court.

A VITAL MESSAGE
For Southfield Residents

Progress in Southfield depends on a - check and balance
between the MAYOR and COUNCIL. JIM CLARKSON is NOT
a rubber-stamp mayor but is YOUR KEY to GOOD GOVERN-
MENT! "

DO YOUR PART . . . Re-Elect !
YOUR MAYOR

JAMES CLARKSON

NON-PARTISAN

ATTORNEY . . . VETERAN . . PREFERRED

IONDAY, APRIL 1, 1963

RETAIN .

Common Pleas Judge

George D.

KENT

Number 49 on the Ballot
FIRST IN DETROIT BAR ASSOCIATION POLL
PREFERRED BY CIVIC SEARCHLIGHT

.






Member Executive Board Cong. Ahavas Achim
Member Downtown Lodge Bnai Brith
Member American Jewish Committee
Member Masonic Lodge, F. & A. Masons
Sponsored by Friends of Judge Kent

ELECT

Jackie Vaughn









Graduate Hillsdale College, with honors, A.B.
Graduate Oberlin College, with honors, M.A.
Graduate Oxford University, Oxford, England, highest distinction, Oxon, 1959
Fulbright Scholar and Fellow
Former Aide to State Chairman Neil Stoebler
Special Aide to Highway Commissioner John C. Mackie
President Emeritus of State Young Democrats

VOTE



• • MONDAY, APRIL 1st









I 1 I

Pledge to work full time on:
Equitable Tax Program
Unemployment Problem — Jobs for young people — Vocational training
Comprehensive Youth Program
Neighborhood Improvement and Conservation
Civil Rights
Make Cabo Hall Pay
MORAL LEADERSHIP IN GOVERNMENT

JACKIE 'VAUGHN, III

No. 57

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