THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS --
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
Israel High Court Won't Validate Mixed
Marriage; Allows _Wonsan 'Mrs.' on I.D.
not recognize marriages of non- indicated they would press
for an amendment to the law
Jews to Jews.
Exit: Last Ladino Newspaper
The couple presented a cer- upon which the Suprezne
tificate of civil wedding, along Court decision was based.
A Jewish Telegraphic Agency cable from Istanbul . under date
with a passport amended by Such an amendment, which
of Feb. 13 announces the death' of the last Ladino newspaper.
the Belgian consul, in which was proposed by Hatzof eh,
Established 70 years ago, the only • surviving newspaper in
woman was listed as "Mrs. one of Israel's religious
the Judeo-Spanish dialect ceased publication and the Jews in the
Schlesinger." The Ministry dailies, would prevent per-
Mediterranean area who were dependent upon it now are without
agreed to allow the woman sons from marrying abroad in
a newspaper in their language.
permanent residence in Israel order to circumvent the re-
This serves as a reminder that the only Spanish-Jewish news-
but refused to issue an identity quirements of the State.
paper in the United States, which was established in 1922 and
card carrying anything other
Members of the Ministerial
was published by Albert J. Torres at 7 Rivington St., New York,
than her maiden name and her Legislative Committee were di-
ceased publication in January of 1949. The New York paper had
status as that of a spinster.
vided over a bill drafted by the
declined to a circulation of several hundred, but the Istanbul
The ruling was expected to Interior Ministry, which would
paper claims to have had a circulation of 10,000 and yet had its
result in changes in scores of prohibit the registration of
financial difficulties which compelled the periodical's demise.
identity . cards now held by marriages contracted abroad be-
The Ladino dialect developed among the Jews who were
Israelis under similar circum- tween Jews and non-Jews.
expelled from Spain and settled in the Spanish-speaking' Mediter-
stances. Religious circles here
The bill was prepared to
ranean countries. The word Ladino is derived from latinus used
modify existing laws under
as the vernacular used by Jews of the Romance. language Colin-
which Israelis of different
tries in the Iberian peninsula, France and Italy—
faiths, marrying abroad outside
Ladino is one of the dialects spoken by JeWs. • In post-Biblical
Israel jurisdiction, can return
times, Aramaic was the language of the Jewish masses and Hebrew
to Israel and have their mar-
was the classical language of the scholars. Jesus spoke Aramaic.
ments Israel was conducting, riages registered.
In add tion to the Judeo-German Yiddish, dialects spoken
GENEVA, (JTA)—A general
by Jews include, besides Ladino, Judeo-Greek, Judeo-Italian and program to help the develop- "the most fascinating" is the
Religious Affairs Minister
Judeo-Persian languages. All of them are important phililogically ment of the changing relation- solar pond because of "the vast Zorach Warhaftig, one of the
to the tongues of the countries to which they are related. Yiddish, ships between the world's ad-
five members of the Legisla-
possibilities of the system." He tive Committee, warned that
• for example, to this day serves as the best source of information vanced countries and the less
for those seeking the roots of Old German, and the same applies developed regions, was outlined
his party, the National Re-
to those studying the characteristics of Persian in Iran.
by Israel's Minister of Education, the development of a large cen- ligious faction, would leave
An interesting explanation of the Judeo-Spanish Ladino dia- Abba Eban.
tral power station in a major the coalition unless the pro-
lect will be found in the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia where
posed bill were passed. He
As one of the three senior city, although, he added, "many said the purpose of the bill
comparisons will be found between Old Spanish and Modern
Spanish with that of the similar words used by speakers of Ladino. vice-presidents of the first challenging problems have yet was to plug a loophole in the
Many Jews in the Balkan states, Israel, Morocco and North Africa United Nations Conference on to be solved before this dream present law which permitted
spoke Ladino, and many in these countries still speak it. In Ladino, Science and Technology for the becomes a reality."
Israeli Jews to marry non-
the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia explains, "are to be noted benefit of less developed areas,
Other projects being studied Jews abroad and return to
some of the dialectal differences which existed in Spain in the
of the world parley that has at the new laboratory were list-
end of the 15th century, but there is sufficient evidence to indicate been under way here for 16 ed as solar ovens, solar refriger-
The majority of the Commit-
that the Spanish spoken by the Jews in Spain in the time of their
ators, solar distillation plants tee, on the other hand, took
expulsion was more archaic than that - generally 'spoken in 1492. applauded and praised by many and other devices. He explained exception to a stipulation in the
Long segregation in juderias Cghettos') preserved -the language of the delegates from 103 coun- that data gathered to date indi- bill which states that every
in an arrested form of development . . . the character of the
cated that such devices were document pertaining to the mar-
Judeo-Spanish dialect has naturally undergone many changes in tries.
expensive to build "but cheaper riage of a Jew must first be
Daniel Shimshoni, director- to run" than to build.
the 450 years since the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. A
approved by the Rabbinate.
differentiation has arisen between the dialect as spoken and that general of Israel's National
two......• ■■••■■■ oamo am.wammoommlamons ■ nam•oims• ■■•■•■■•■ •osmoo ■ oomptommo4mwo ■ woo
as written; the former has neither the same wealth of vocabulary Council for Research and Devel-
nor elegance. Many words. still preserved in the literature, or opment, told the Conference
current in proverbs and ballads preserved through oral tradition, .that Israel is the only country
have . disappeared from the vernacular and are not - current in in the world which has devel-
daily- speech. : ThiS, in turn, has led to a deterioration in the oped a successful solar heating
„ written language the 20th century. Among the factors that device for water heating which
- tended - to keep the vocabulary of Judeo-Spanish speech within is not only widely used in Israel
narrow limits are the low educational level. of the Jews who speak but also is being exported. He
it, the lack of a flourishing literature, the- influence exercised by told the 1,600 delegates that a
National Physical Laboratory
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
the language Of the countries in which the Jews have. lived."
Like Yiddish, the Judeo-Spanish is written in Hebrew charac- had been set up in Israel to
ters, and only those who know the Spanish dialect can possibly conduct solar energy research Fund-Raising Season:
The campaign of the United Jewish Appeal and of the
understand it, just as only those who know the Hebrew charaCters with a staff of 25 professors
and technical personnel.
Israel Bond Organization — which have now been launched at
and understand Yiddish can read •the latter.
two separate national conferences in Miami Beach — wilt-this
The various dialects are decliningc . and only Yiddish remain8
"Part of this work is being
year be watched in Israel with special interest betause - Israel
a substantial factor in Jewish language development. But, as is
done in Israel's southern des :- will this year depend more on American currency than during
so well established, Yiddish, too, is on. the- decline, and if it were:
at the Negev Institute for the last years . . . Israel's foreign currency income this year
not for its
Latin American countries and to a considerable extent in Israel, Arid Zone Research - where will decrease substantially for a number of reasons.. . . Gerinan
there would be little hope for the survival of Yiddish. .
the sun beats down day after reparations will be down this year to some $30,000,000 which is
These disappearances rob Jewry of a certain uniqueness. Only I day throughout the year and twenty million dollars less than a year ago . . . German personal
restitution payments to people living in..Israel will also go
Hebrew, because it is the language of the prayers and of. the . 1 pail is conducted at the Re
down this year by $10,000,000 . . . Israel will thus receive from
Bible, remains imperishable. But—will - those who previously r
sorted to the dialects we have mentioned turn to Hebrew eventu- brew University in Jerusa-
Germany this year a total of $30,000,000 less than in 1962-
ally as a spoken tongue? That seems pOSsible only in Israel- arid. I lem," he said.
In addition, Israel will receive no grants from the United States
ls wher e. There still may be a -score- of
Government this year . . . Her net income from foreign loans
Ladino-speaking Jews in Detroit, to take our community as an rael had developed to capture will also decline . . . And while her imports in 1963 will increase,
example. The children of the adult judeo-Spanish-Speaking Jews" solar energy, he said that the her exports are likely to decrease as a result of the European
also know Ladino, but most of them can speak it and it is doubtful work so far had been concen- Common Market . . . It is expected that her trade deficit may be
whether too many of them could read it..
trated on the design of water increased by $30,000,000 . . . These and other financial develop-
The disappearance of the last of the Ladino papers is sympto- heaters for domestic use, small ments may provoke inflation in the country just when Israel is
matic of new developments in Jewish life. It is a saddening solar power generators, solar well on the road in strengthening her economy .. . Also when
occurrence. That is why the last issue of LaVara, the V. S. Ladino air conditioning and the ulti- she must spend huge sums to acquire the Hawk missiles and
paper that was published until January 1949, in this . Commentator's mate creation of a power station other defense weapons to be prepared for any eventuality which
possession, assumes the role of a valuable relic.
working entirely on energy sup- the present unstable situation in the Middle East may bring ..
plied from solar radiation ponds. It is, therefore, obvious that Israel will this year depend much
Wide Interest in Yiddish Literature
While dialects are declining, there remains the recognition
He reported that "several more than in previous years on American dollars received from
of the vital fact of the significance of Yiddish—the language and thousand" of the solar water the United Jewish Appeal and through the sale of Israel bonds
its literature—and the interest that is shown it by scholars. - heating units were being sold . This is what American Jews must bear in mind now that
When Dr. Jacob Glatstein, the eminent Yiddish poet and and installed each year in Is- the UJA has started its 1963 drive and the Israel Bond Organiza-
novelist, was a guest here, Wayne - State University saw fit to rael and that the units were tion is launching this week its 1963 sale of Israel bonds . . . The
honor him with a luncheon. Under the guidance of Dr. John being exported for sale in Med- redemption payments of Israel bonds will also increase this year,
Dorsey, who acted in behalf of the faculty, a number •of professors iterranean and African coun- but American holders of matured Israel bonds will probably
joined with Jewish leaders in welcoming him and in hearing his tries. "The owner of such a not hesitate to reinvest their money. since experience has shown
impressive readings of his own poems in English translations. solar device has an abundant that Israel bonds are a safe investment paying good yearly
There was sufficient interest for requests for the reading of his supply of hot water for his home dividends in American currency.
throughout the day and — be-
original Yiddish poems.
The Yiddish literature has so many treasures, as Louis LaMed, cause the water tanks are well Foreign Affairs:
who presided at the WSU luncheon for Dr. Glatstein pointed out, insulated — even at night," he
Harold Wilson; the newly elected leader of the British
it has such a rich history, that the interest it arouses is a told the Conference.
Labor Party, who may become the next Prime Minister of Britain,
natural reaction to literary creativity.
He also revealed another thinks that there are possibilities for Arab-Israel peace . .. He
It is deeply to be regretted that all the exertions in behalf of
invention, a five horsepower recently visited Israel and other countries in the Middle East
Yiddish can not restore the language to the strength it possessed solar energy generator, said and gained the impression that some of the Arab countries
and the influence it wielded a generation ago. In 1914, when the
to be the first of its kind now feel that the time has come when they have got to learn
Jewish population in this country was little more than half of - which "can supply electricity to live with Israel, but each of these countries is afraid to take
today's numbers, there were 10 daily Yiddish newspapers in the
at a cost of five United States the first step . . . In the opinion of Wilson the Western Powers
U.S., with a total circulation approaching 800.000. Today there are
cents per kilowatt hour in a "have got a job to do," especially with regard to the Suez Canal
three Yiddish dailies—one, the Communist Freiheit,• can hardly sunny climate. It yields blockade against Israeli ships . . . He thinks that Israel has much
be counted, with its circulation . of a few thousand—with a total
enough power to run a variety to contribute to the Arab countries and would be willing to do
circulation of less than 120,000.
of small pumps and mills and so . . . "When one sees how much Israel is doing for African
As one of the publishers of the remaining Yiddish dailies to supply light. It is visualized
and Asian countries, I think one can see what she could do for
said several years ago, "when a Yiddish reader dies, there is no as being particularly useful in the Middle Eastern countries," he was quoted • as stating . .
one to replace him."
remote villages far from a His views were broadcast by the British Broadcasting Corpora-
Nevertheless,. the flavor of Yiddish remains, its literature
central electric network."
tion in its Hebrew service this week following his election as
will continue to enchant many readers—even if it has to be in
head of the Labor Party.
translations—and the language may survive for a long time
JERUSALEM (JTA) — The
Israel Supreme Court Sunday
ordered the Interior Ministry
to register a Belgian Christian
woman, who married an Israeli
Jew in Cyprus, as married. But
the majority abstained from
ruling on whether the marriage
itself was valid:
The justices, in a four-to-one
ruling, declared that the regis-
trar was obliged to record facts
as presented to him in docu-
ments in the case which arose
from an appeal from an Interior
Ministry action against Henri-
ette Catherine Funck : who went
with Israel Schlesinger to Cy-
prus to be wed. Israeli law does
Eban Closes UN Science Parley
with Plan to Aid New Countries
... and Me'