Sweden Dedicates Hammarskjold Translation of Buber's and Thou'
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
place at a reception tendered by Israel's Ambassador Moshe Bitan and Mrs. Bitan.
STOCKHOLM—A Swedish translation of "I and Thou," Martin Buber's philo-
sophical work that the late Dag Hammarskjold started translating, was dedicated
to his memory at a ceremony held here.
The dedication, made on the occasion of Martin Buber's 85th birthday, took
Margit Norell, who completed the translation, and Ambassador Bitan lectured
briefly on Buber's philosophy.
The reception was attended by literary and cultural figures from Uppsala and
HE JEWIS H NEWS
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State Dept. Ban on Correspondent
of JTA Called `Misunderstanding';
Assistant Sec'y. Denies Affront
(Direct JTA Teletype to The Jewish News)
WASHINGTON — The State Department officially admitted
Tuesday that Milton Friedman, Washington correspondent of the
Jewish Telegraph Agency, should have been admitted to a background
briefing in the Department on Jan. 28, and attributed his exclusion to
an official "misunderstanding."
Assistant Secretary of State Robert Manning, replying to the
protest made on behalf of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency by Philip
Slomovitz, its vice president, conceded that the matter "should have
been handled more wisely." Once Friedman had made known his
desire to attend the briefing, Manning said, "He should have been
invited. I regret that he was not."
Manning, in his reply, said that he had looked into the incident
at the request of Secretary of State Dean Rusk and stated: "I can
assure you that no affront to Mr. Friedman or to the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency was intended. Nevertheless a misunderstanding
occurred and I welcome this opportunity to explain the circumstances
that apparently occasioned it."
In his reply, the State Department official described the back-
ground briefings held by the Department from time to time and
pointed out that invitations to these •briefings "are likely to range from
the all inclusive downward to a handful of correspondents who have
been seeking individual interviews. Attendance at backgrounders is
often limited since it would be impractical in most cases to invite the
211 correspondents accredited to the Department."
"The background briefing in the present case," Manning said,
"concerned the resignation of Dr. Joseph E. Johnson as special re-
presentative of the Palestine Conciliation Commission. It was set up
by the Deputy Public Affairs Adviser of the Bureau of Near Eastern
and Asian Affairs, with the • concurrence of the Bureau of Public
Affairs, and was given by Robert C. Strong, director of the Office of
Near Eastern Affairs. A small number of reporters were invited,
representing major American Newspapers and wire services, namely
New York Times, New York Herald Tribune, Baltimore Sun, Washing-
ton Star, Time Magazine, Associated Press and United Press Inter-
"The principle followed in compiling this list was to invite
correspondents who cover the Department regularly and who had been
asking questions virtually every day about the Johnson matter. When
Mr. Friedman subsequently inquired about the briefing he was told
that it was limited to those who had been invited. This should have
been handled more wisely once he had made known his interest in
the subject he should have been invited to attend the briefing. I
regret that he was not."
The Assistant Secretary of State denied that dissatisfaction with •
Friedman's reporting had anything to do with the matter. He said:
"Mr. Strong explained that he had not determined who was to be
invited to the briefing. Mr. Strong then mentioned an article written
by Mr. Friedman a short time ago. Mr. Strong questioned the ac-
curacy of the report on which the article was based and offered the
services of his office for the purpose of checking such reports in the
future. There was no connection between this part of the discussion
and the fact that Mr. Friedman was not invited to the background
briefing. You may be sure that the Bureau of Public Affairs, the
Office of Near Eastern Affairs and Mr. Strong would be most happy
to see Mr. Friedman or any other representative of the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency at any time.
Devious Intrusion of Anti-Israelis Into
Afro-Asian Affairs Injures Western Camp
By JOSHUA H. JUSTMAN
Chief JTA Correspondent in. Israel
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Inc.)
JERUSALEM — Last month the "Afro-Asian
Peoples' Solidarity Organization" concluded its
third conference, in the city of Mushi, in Tangan-
yika. Among the resolutions adopted was one de-
nouncing "Zionist colonialism," calling for a stop
to "Zionist infiltration in Africa and Asia" and
the abrogation of treaties with Israel.
This resolution is bound to prompt some
puzzlement and concern. How does it fit into the
picture of the friendly relations and growing
cooperation between Israel and the African nations?
How firm then is the basis of that cooperation and
how sincere is that friendship?
A partial answer can be found in a public
statement made, upon the conclusion of the con-
ference by Tanganyika's Interior Minister, Oscar
Kambona, who declared the resolution was "a case
of the Arabs and not our case" and that "Tangan-
._yika was not willing to accept anybody's enemies
as our own."
Also of significance is the fact that. while the
conference was about to convene, Israel's Foreign
Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir, was on an official visit
to Tanganyika and other African states.
The central fact is that the AAPSO in no way
speaks for the Afro-Asian countries. It is nothing
more nor less than a Communist front organization
which, by devious ways and methods, tries to
assume the mantle of an Afro-Asian spokesman.
It is run and financed by Egypt, the USSR and
Communist China, which established it some six
years ago. Its headquarters are in Cairo. Its ob-
jectives are quite clear. As far as Egypt is con-
cerned, it serves the purpose of enhancing her
prestige and of providing her with a position of
leadership in Africa and Asia. It is also a con-
venient instrument for political and economic
penetration into the African continent; for under-
mining the positions of the West there and last,
but not least, for mobilizing anti-Israel support.
The Soviet Union had a special interest in the
establishment of that body. At the Bandung Con-
ference of the Afro-Asian people, held in 1955, the
Soviet Union was not recognized as an Asian
country. The formation of the AAPSO provided
her with that status. Moreover, it opened for her,
as well as for China, new possibilities for activities
in the African countries south of Sahara.
Thus, while the six years of the AAPSO's exist-
ence were not without internal struggles for domina-
tion between .Egypt on the one hand and the USSR
and China on the other, a "modus operandi" exists,
since the organization continues to serve the objec-
tives of all three.
Unlike the Bandung Conference, the conferences
of the AAPSO do not represent governments. In-
deed, in many cases they do not even represent the
positions of the governments "represented." It is the
Cairo headquarters that determine which parties or
movements should be invited. The Cairo HQ also
pays the delegates' fares. Of the 44 delegations that
participated in the organization's first conference,
held in Cairo in 1958, 18 comprised political refugees
opposed to the regimes of their countries; five were
from Communist countries. Similar was the composi-
tion of the second conference, at Konakri, in 1960.
In 1958, 10 Afro-Asian countries declined the invita-
tion to participate, among them the Philippines, South
Vietnam, Cambodies, Liberia, Turkey, Persia, Paki-
stan, Saudi Arabia, etc. In 1960 the number of re-
fusals grew to 17, among them Afghanistan, Burma,
Dahomey, Cambodia, Upper Volta, Laos, Malaya,
Nepal, Nigeria, Thailand, Togo, Chad and others.
More than half of the countries represented
in the AAPSO openly disavow its actions.
Incidentally, at the last conference, at Mushi, the
delegation of India walked out, making charges of
"fraud." The conference also adopted resolutions
against the Cameroons and Sierra Lieonei stating that
these countries have "not yet attained their independ-
ence from the imperialistic yoke."
While as far as Israel is concerned it is having no
practical effect, the threat which the AAPSO poses
as a vehicle for Communist penetration into Africa
is now being more and more realized in the Western
camp. as well as among a growing number of African
and Asian countries,