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February 08, 1963 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-02-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

UNITED. NATIONS, N. Y.,
(JTA) — A set of principles
that would guarantee to all per-
sons everywhere in the world,
including the Soviet Union, full-
est rights of religious freedom
and practice was adopted here
by the - Subcommission on Pre-
vention of Discrimination and
Protection of Minorities.
A number of the principles
aimed at some of the Soviet
Union's discriminations against
Jewish religious rights and prac-
tices—such as denial of the right
to bake matzoth for Passover
and the right to educate rab-
binical candidates or send them
abroad for rabbinical training.
However, the Soviet represent-
ative on t h e Subcommission,
Boris S. Ivanov, voted for all of
the clauses, in the draft principles
which were adopted unanimously
by the group of 12 social and
political scientists, attorneys and
jurists, all of them serving as
individual experts not formally
representing their governments.
The draft principles now go
to the Subcommission's parent
body, the Commission on Hu-
man Rights, which will convene
at. Geneva in March. They were
adopted after another exchange
of accusations between Morris B.
Abram, the United States expert
on the group, and Ivanov.
Abram referred briefly to
one form of Soviet discrimina-

lion against Jewish religious
rights by noting that the So-
viet government ordered the
closing of the synagogue at
Lwow last November. Ivanov
replied by charging that the
United States discriminates
against Negroes.
One of the principles aiming
directly at current anti-Jewish
discriminations practiced by So-
viet authorities included, with-
out mentioning either matzoth
or the USSR, the following:
"No one shall be prevented
from observing the dietary prac-
tices prescribed by his religion
or belief. The members of a re-
ligious belief shall not be pre-
vented from acquiring or pro-
ducing all materials and objects
necessary for the performance
or observance of prescribed rit-
uals or practices, including die-
tary practices."
Going further to aim at the
fact that the Soviet govern-
ment controls the means of
producing matzoth, the next
clause stated: "Where the gov-
ernment controls the means of
production and distribution, it
shall make such materials or
objects, or the means of pro-
ducing them, available to the
members of the religion or be-
lief concerned." This article
aimed also at Soviet bans
against the making of prayer
shawls, phylacteries or the He-

Israel Is Source of Encouragement
to Other Lands at UN Science Meet

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

GENEVA—Israel's success in
harnessing limited water re-
sources can be a source of en-
couragement to other arid coun-
tries, a United Nations - spon-
sored conference on science and
technology was told here Tues-
day by an Israeli water expert.
That appraisal was offered by
Aaron Wiener, engineer of Is-
rael's "master plan" for nation-
wide irrigation at the UN Con-
ference on the Application of
Science and Technology for
Less Developed Areas. More
than 1830 technical papers have
been submitted to delegates
from 103 member-nations who
are meeting for two weeks to
hammer out a pattern of aid to
the underdeveloped countries.
Wiener, director general of
Israel's Water Authority, told
the conference that by planning
its water resources policy Israel
had succeeded in creating dur-
ing the past decade "a flourish-
ing modern irrigated agricul-
ture supplying more than 70 per
cent of the food consumed" by
the population "and contribut-
ing significantly to the exports
of the country."
He said that Israel had
made available and would
continue to make available all
the water needed for its mush-
. rooming towns and industries.
He added, "that this can be
done in an area of water
scarcity can hold out some
encouragement for other arid
countries."
The Israeli water expert went
on to warn against undue opti-
mism about proposals for fresh-
ening salt water and making it
work for man, adding that "arid
countries labor under a natural
handicap which in the present
state of their knowledge cannot
be overcome.
"Proclamations are made
from time to time prophesying
the end of water shortages in
arid countries by desalination

of sea water or other panaceas,"
he said. "Though these might
hold some promise for the fu-
ture they have no significant
large scale application within
the usual time range of our
planning."
Israeli Minister of Education
Abba Eban arrived here from
Jerusalem at the. head of a 20-
member delegation to partici-
pate in the conference.
Eban, who has been desig-
nated by the UN Secretariat
General to serve as one of the
three senior vice-presidents of
the conference, is scheduled
to deliver the final address at
the closing session on Feb.
20. Eban was met at the air-
port by senior officials of the
UN Secretariat.
Recalling that the UN Con-
ference closely follows ,a simi-
lar conference held at the Weiz-
mann Institute of Science in
Rehovot last year, Eban told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency on
his arrival here that he believed
the Conference "can have far-
reaching results in bringing to-
gether Israel and the newly in-
dependent African and Asian
countries."
The Israel delegation is sched-
uled to present a total of 33
papers at the conference.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

brew calendar necessary for
the accurate scheduling of tra-
ditional Jewish holidays and
observances.
Taking account of the fact that
Soviet authorities have placed
hindrances in the training of
rabbinical candidates in t h e
USSR, that no Jew wishing to
study for the rabbinate is al-
lowed to go abroad for such
training and education, and that
Jewish children in the USSR do
not have religious training but
are subjected to atheistic indoc-
trination instead, one of the
principles stated:
"Everyone shall be free to
teach or to disseminate his re-
ligion or belief in public or in
private. No one shall be com-
pelled to receive religious or
atheistic instruction, contrary to
his convictions or, in the case
of children, contrary to the wish-
es of their parents and, when
applicable, legal guardians. No
group professing a religion or
belief shall be prevented from
training the personnel intended
to devote themselves to the per-
formance of its practices or ob
servances, or from bringing
teachers from abroad necessary
for this purpose. When such
training is available only outside
the country, no permanent limi-
tations shall be placed upon
travel abroad for the purpose
of undergoing such training."
In general, the principles
held that "everyone shall be
free to adhere, or not to ad-
here, to a religion or belief"
and that "anyone professing
any religious or non-religious
belief shall be free to do so
openly without suffering any
discrimination on account of
his religion or belief."

MUNICH — "Commandant of
Auschwitz," the book contain-
ing the notes made by Rudolf
Hoess during the period he was
commander of the Auschwitz
murder camp will be published
here this week as a paperback.
The largest of all the Nazi
camps, Hoess was executed at
the camp in 1947 after a war
crimes trial.

NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
New York Board of Rabbis, com-
prised of 800 Orthodox, Con-
servative and Reform rabbis in
the metropolitan area, offered to
send matzoth to Russian Jewry
in time for the next Passover.
The Board also proposed an ex-
change of rabbis between the
American Jewish community and
the Jewish communities in the
Soviet Union.
The matzoth offer and the sug-
gestion of a rabbinical exchange
were made by Rabbi Israel Mow-
showitz, after the board re-elect-
ed him to the presidency of the
botly at its 82nd annual meeting
last week.

A new anthology of Russian
literature is designed to "afford
outsiders glimpses of the people
through the eyes of the coun-
try's most perceptive and artic-
ulate writers." In "Russians Then
and Now," which Macmillan will
publish in April, Avraham Yar-
molinsky has made a representa-
tive selection from three cen-
turies of Russian writing about
Russians.
Dr. Yarmolinsky, author of
"The Road to Revolution," is a
distinguished historian, translator
and scholar specializing in Slavic
studies.

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7 -- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS -- Frid ay , Febru ary 8, 1 963

Rudolf Hoess' Notes
Issued as Paperback

Principles Adopted by UN Body Would
Guarantee Religious Freedom in USSR

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