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February 01, 1963 - Image 32

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-02-01

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, February 1, 1963 — 32

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ill ■ O .0•10.0.1111.0!0•11 ■ 1.11 ■••■


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Boris Smolar's

'Between You
... and Me


Copyright, 1963
(Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.

Non Jewish Inspiration for Hillel Foundations


Bnai Brith Hillel Foundations, now celebrating their 40th
anniversary, are actually the inspiration of a Christian profes-
sor of the University of Illinois . .. Dr. Abram L. Sachar, now
president of the Brandeis University, put the Hillel Foundations
on the map when he was Hillel's national director .. . However,
the establishment of the Hillel Foundations goes back to the
time when Dr. Edward Chauncey Baldwin, professor of Biblical
Literature at the University of Illinois, was deeply concerned
because his Jewish students seemed to know so little about the
Bible which their own people had created . . . Himself a loyal
member of the Pilgrim Foundation, Dr. Baldwin for years plead-
ed with rabbinical and lay Jewish leaders in Illinois to be less
concerned with the problems of anti-Semitism and discrimina-
tion, and to turn to the more serious problems of weakening
in the loyalty of a livhole generation of young Jews who were
moving out of Jewish life in a terrifying hemorrhage . . . A
young student from the Hebrew Union. Colleg e. Benjamin
Frankel, who heard the pleas of Dr. Baldwin, decided to settle
in Champaign, 111.—the seat of the University of Illinois—and
to accept the student community there as his rabbinical charge
. . . He was encouraged by a number of Jewish townspeople
who were groping for some technique to bring the students
of the university closer to Jewish life . . . After a year of
pioneering at the University of Illinois, Rabbi Frankel succeeded
in convincing Bnai Brith that in its widening program of ser-
vice to the Jewish community, the sponsorship of Hillel Founda-
tions had a natural place . . . From then on, the financial basis
for the existence of the Hillel Foundations was more or less
secure and the expansion of Hillel started . . . Today, in the
40th year of its existence, Hillel functions in more than 200
leading colleges and universities and spends more than $2,000,000
a year in providing for the religious and cultural needs of many
tens of thousands of Jewish students . . .

Jewish Presentations

Last week I wrote here of the preparations which major
Jewish organizations are making in connection with the expected
crucial decisions by the United States Supreme Court in two
cases regarding religious practices in public schools . . . The cases
—known as the Murray case and the Schemp case—deal with
the issue of whether or not the Bible-reading and the recitaticn
of the Lord's Prayer in public schools is constitutional and the
decisions on them may spell serious consequences . . . This week,
the American Jewish Committee and the Anti-Defamation League
of Bnai Brith filed jointly a brief "as friends of the court" out-
lining .to the Supreme Court their attitude on the issue . . . The
brief distinguishes between the use of the Bible as a source of
reference work in the teaching of such secular subjects as litera-
ture, history, social studies and art appreciation and its use
for devotional purposes . . . The two Jewish organizations argue
in their joint brief that when used in the schools for the latter
purpose—as is the case now—the Bible is used as a religious
text and hence the practice violates the First Amendment of
the Constitution . . The recitation of the Lord's Prayer, the
brief argues, is a religious and sectarian act and when per-
formed in the public schools, it is likewise a violation of the
First Amendment. . . The fact that these devotional exercises
are performed without comment by the teacher or any public
school authority and that provision is made for the non-partici-
pation of a child who objects to the exercise on the ground of
conscience, does not save the practice from constitutional in-
validity, the Jewish brief stresses . . . The brief analyzes also
the decisions of various state supreme courts in which Bible-
reading and the recitation of the Lord's Prayer in the public
schools were upheld against constitutional attack, and points
out the fallacies on which those decisions rest . • • Member agen-
cies of the National Community Relations Advisory Committee—
the central advisory body of six national Jewish Organizations
and numerous local Jewish Councils—are similarly preparing a
"friends of the court" brief for submission to the United States
Supreme Court . . . The brief is being drafted by the American
Jewish Congress, one of the national organizations affiliated
with the NCRAC, and will be examined by other NCRAC
affiliates before the joint presentation is made . . . It will argue
that the challenged religious practices and observances in the
Murray and Schemp cases are unconstitutional ... Among the
arguments against religious practices and observances in public
school which NCRAC will outline in their brief are 1. Such
practices and observances tend to create conflicts in the minds
of many children arising out of differences in their religious
beliefs . . 2. They threaten or actually impair religious .free-
dom by creating confusion in the minds of children about the
distinctiveness of their own religion . . . 3. They often arouse
opposition in the community, thus embroiling the public schools
in conflicts that they might otherwise avoid . . 4. Religious
practices and observances should properly take place in a re-
ligious setting that the public schools cannot or should not -
provide . . . 5. The objective and detached attitude with which
all other school subject matter is approached is in practice
difficult or impossible to achieve in the area of religious prac-
tices .

Sinai Hospital to Get Bequest of
$5,000 from Rose B. Weinman Estate

Sinai Hospital of Detroit will
receive a bequest in excess of
$5,000 from the estate of the
late Rose Barlow Weinman.
Ameroll Rothschild of Flint,
a nephew of the deceased, exec-
utor of the estate, announced
this week that Mrs. Weinman's
will provided for a portion of
the residue from her estate to
go to Sinai Hospital. He said it

will be "in excess of $5,000."
Mrs. Weinman was a sister of
the late Byron Barlow, noted
artist whose murals are in Tem-
ple Beth El here. She was
known as a poet and educator.
She had been a public school
and Temple Beth El religious
school teacher. She was a mem-
ber of the Detroit Women
Writers Club.

German Newspapers Assail Closed Eye
'iew Of Nazis by Courts, Government

MUNICH, (JTA) — The re-
lease of Martin Fellenz, who
directed the removal of 40,000
Jews from five towns in the
Krakow area to Nazi death
camps, was denounced by two
leading West German news-
Fellenz was last week sen-
tenced to four years of hard
labor but was immediately re-
leased on probation because he
had been jailed for 30 months
while awaiting trial. Both pro-
secution and defense lodged
appeals with the West German
federal high court at Karl-
sruhe against the sentence.
The Sud Deutche Zeitung of
Munich asked sarcastically, in
a lead editorial, whether "pro-
bation" meant that "Fellenz
would no more participate in
any pogrom." The paper added
with indignation, "perhaps there
are no longer any Jews to be
The Hamburg weekly, Die
Zeit, denounced the "incon-
ceivably mild" verdict of the
Flensburg Jury court• against
the former SS officer. The
prosecution had demanded a
life sentence. Die Zeit called
the probated sentence "a
mockery" and added that "the
understanding that injustice
must be atoned for can ob-
viously no longer be taken
for granted" in West Ger-
man courts.
The Central Council of Jews
in Germany previously had ex-
pressed "grave concern" over
the sentence, asserting that the
effect of the verdict would be
to minimize in the eyes of the
general public the mass murder
of Jews by Nazis in occupied
* *

regular intervals to the au- , Zeitung raised the question of
thorities. 1what the younger generation of
West Germany, aware of Ges-
The detention of Guenther
, 49, of
a for Himmler's crimes.

police officer charged with would feel if they watched
murder of Jews at Lublin in from the Bundestag gallery
Nazi-held Poland, and of Adolph Himmler's personal aide "fight-
Petch, 57, of Buedesheim, a Mg for democracy."
The Frankfurter Build-
former S.D. man at Pinsk, was
schau, in a featured article on
"the peculiar career" of the
a * *
former Nazi party official, ex-
BONN, (JTA) — The pos- pressed doubt about Frauen-
sibility of a new investigation dorfer's claim that he whole-
by Chancellor Konrad Adenau- heartedly joined in the anti-
er's Christian Democratic Union Hitler resistance forces. The
into the Nazi past of Max Frau- newspaper also asked why
endorfer developed as the lat- Frauendorfer lived until 1959
est aspect of the growing con- under the alias of "Schreiter."
troversy over the prospective
In a related development, the
seating of the former Heinrich
Student Group
Himmler aide in the Bunde-
led a protest campaign against
the prospective seating. A leaf-
The possibility was suggested let distributed by the group de-
by Gerhard Wacher, Bavarian clared that "This is a shame
State Secretary, whose Bunde- —in a few weeks former SS
stag seat became vacant when Lieutenant Colonel Frauendor-
he was appointed to the Frank- fer will fight for democracy
furt post. Wacher, who had de- in the Bundestag." The stu-
clared he would not give up his dents were joined in their pro-
Bundestag seat because Frau- test by a students trade union
endorfer was scheduled to suc- group and the Social Democra-
ceed him, said on a Radio tic University Association.
Frankfurt interview that any
new charges against Frauen-
dorfer would again be inves- Hebrew Corner
tigated by a three-man commit-
tee of the CDU.
Wacher emphasized, however,
A short and very interesting cere-
that such a probe would not mony took place recently in the
Haifa. The officers of the
constitute "something like a Israeli of navy
stood at attention when
new de-Nazification procedure." the national flag was lowered for
the last time from the ship "A 16."
Frauendorfer, who was de-
The Commander of the Navy
feated twice in bids for elec- spoke about the long career of this
tion to the West German par-
It was built 30 years ago in Ameri-
liament because of his Nazi ca.
Until the year 1946 it sailed
past, was elected by the CDU with an American flag in the Atlan-
tic Ocean. In that year it was
on Jan. 9 to fill Wache's bought
by agents who smuggled im-
vacated seat. He was chosen migrants into Palestine; and for two
brought "illegal im-
because he had the highest migrants" ship
from Europe to Eretz
number of votes among the Israel.
unsuccessful candidates for
In the year 1948, when the War
of Liberation began. two guns were
LONDON, (JTA) — A Ger- the post.
erected on its decks, and it became
man jury court at Flensburg,
Three leading West German a "warship," the first of the State
where a former SS leader, Mar- newspapers assailed his can- of Isripel.-
In the year 1950 the Navy received
tin Fellenz, was on trial for the didacy. Die Zeit, the conserva- new
and modern ships. Then "A 16"
a new task; to be a naval
the mass murder of Jews dur- tive Hamburg weekly, discussed
for the young men of the
ing World War II in Russia and the issue in an editorial headed, Israel Defence
Force. The ship ful-
Poland, was told about a Ger- "A brown spot in the Christian filled this task until 1958. Then it
turned into a warehouse of
man army officer who stood up Democratic Union," and noted was
the Haifa naval base.
against the SS to defend Jews, that Frauendorfer served under
The ship fulfilled , allsfour tasks
according to a report in the the notorious Hans Frank, Gov- with great success and now it is old
Sunday Observer.
ernor of Nazi-occupied Poland,
What should be done with it? All
The story, cited to the jury in charge of manpower in in the Navy knew the answer:
by the West German judge pre- Poland. The paper said that "A 16" must be our nautical mu-
seum, because it itself is part of the
siding at the Fellenz trial as an seating of the former Nazi naval history of Israel.
instance where "a man of char- would be "political bad taste."
Translation of Hebrew Column.
acter stood up for the cause
The Frankfurter Algemeine (Published by Brith Ivrith Olamith)
of human dignity," concerned
a Lieutenant Albert Battel. The
latter, according to the judge,
I .7i
• : • T
had been in charge of a Jew-
ish work brigade at Przemysl,
in southeast Poland.
When the local SS com-
.'7:r1fIr — nr -p 1
mand ordered him to release
his Jewish workers, so they
'2'4.1j7 1950 1124
could be deported to death
camps, he refused. Battel
stationed one of his own
machinegun detachments at
"16 ri t.7k:tr " 71'71747
his camp's end of a bridge,
threatening to shoot if the
SS men came to get the Jews.
."16 riL2t. T t"
The SS retreated, and the
Jews were saved — for the
time being.
Later, according to the judge,
tt•il ,1958
Battel was punished by being
riir 30 '4'7
sent to the Russian front, where,
subsequently, he was taken
X. '7:1•19461117, -117 ;
prisoner. Battel _was released
from his Russian prison 10
years ago, and has since died.
* *

A Ship's History



Frankfurt officials announced
the release on bail of two
Frankfurt police inspectors and
a Hamburg police inspector
who were arrested last Sep-
tember on charges of participa-
tion in the mass murder of
15,000 to 20,000 Jews in Nazi-
occupied Pinsk in October 1942.
Those released were Josef
Kuhr and Heinrich Plantius
of Frankfurt and Rudolf
Eckert of Hamburg. Bail was
set at 10,000 to 25,000 marks
($2,500 to $6,100) and the
former Nazis must report at


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