Anti-Semite Gets 20-Yea• Jail Sentence
MIAMI, (JTA)—Donald Branch, key figure in a plot. to kill a number of
leading Miami Jewish personalities, was given a 20-year prison term to add to two
previous terms totaling 12 years in trials arising from the plot.
Branch pleaded guilty Jan. 11 to the bombing of the home of Don Shoemaker,
editor of the Miami Herald. The bombing took place a month and a half before
an abortive attempt by Branch to bomb the Anshe Emes congregation.
At the same time, an American Nazi party member, Roger C. Foss, completed
a 180 day jail term for disorderly conduct charges arising from picketing the
Florida office of the Anti - Defemation League with anti-Semitic placards. One of
the reasons for the trip of Foss to Miami was to try to help Branch, a 26-year-old
former Miami municipal employee.
Branch was arrested April 28 as a result of undercover work by Miami police
and the Dade County State Attorney office. When Branch was detained, police found
his home filled with American Nazi party literature. However, George Rockwell,
who came to Miami for a visit last June, disavowed any connection with Branch
or the Minute Men group to which he belonged.
Branch was first sentenced to six years June 21, after undercover operator
Stefan Plumacher foiled Branch's plan to bomb the synagogue by substituting
duds for the dynamite which Branch planted at the synagogue. On Oct. 12, Branch
received a second six-year term for possession and transportation of explosives.
Two Minute Men cohorts were exonerated. During the trial, it was brought out
that Branch intended to assassinate several Miami Jewish community leaders,
including State Attorney Richard Gerstein.
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XLI I, No. 22
100P%rinitilotiln St op
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Jan. 25, 1963
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All Faiths Join in Call to UN
For Free Emigration Covenant
Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination Hears
Eoz hatic Pleas by- Bn,ai Brith Head and Israel Envoy
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
contrary to feelings expressed before the subcommission previously
UNITED NATIONS—A powerful plea to the Soviet government by the Polish representative, the CBJO had no intention of assailing..-
to permit Jews to leave the USSR if they choose to do so — going to Poland, "precisely because we have only the highest regard and the
Israel or anywhere else — was made here Tuesday by Label A. Katz, warmest respect for this country's attitude toward the Jewish
international president of Bnai Brith, at the United Nations Sub- question."
commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
He added, however, that the CBJO did include Hungary in its
Katz addressed the subcommission in connection with the current criticisms on the basis of authentic information showing that Hungary
as recently as a month ago was refusing to permit Jews to leave "so
debate on a lengthy study on the right of persons to leave or re-enter
their own countries presented by Judge Jose D. Ingles of the Philip- that they may be reunited with their families in Israel."
Coming to Ivanov's implied threats Katz said: "There was a
pines. A member of the 12-man UN group, Judge Ingles is the special particularly disquieting note that entered the debate when it was
reporteur on the issue which he studied for two years before making suggested that our information may prove harmful or have unfor-
Vital information on the subject, much of it criticizing the Soviet tunate repercussions for Jews. If this was intended to intimidate us
Union for its anti-Jewish-policies, was incorporated by Judge Ingles or any segment of Jewry, may I state most emphatiCally that we will
not be intimidated. We have been through too much to capitulate
from sources supplied by' the Coordinating Board of Jewish Organi-
to threats of this type."
zations, a group which has consultative ;taus with the UN as the
Expressing highest praise for Judge Ingles' study as a whole, Katz
representative of Bnai Brith and the Board of Deputies of British Jews.
however insisted that the report be made much stronger through
Katz, speaking on behalf of the CBJO, also replied to Soviet inclusion of a recommendation that nationals wishing to leave their
threats voiced by Boris Ivanov, the Russian representative who had own country for reunion with their families be permitted to do so.
implied that the CBJO's strictures against the Soviet regime would "The matter of reunion of families," he said, "involves a profoundly
not be helpful to the situation of the Jews in the USSR. moral and humanitarian question. For Jews it has a deeply personal
Denying, as Ivanov had implied, that the CBJO was injecting itself aspect. The ravages of Hitlerism left in its wake tens of thousands of
into cold war policies, Katz stated that the CBJO had not entered "the torn Jewish families whose one hope was to be reunited with the
political arena at all." shredded remnants of their families living elsewhere."
He said: "We are concerned only with moral and social issues —
Katz quoted a lengthy address delivered to the General Assembly
the rights of Jews and of all racial religious and national minorities
by Andre Gromyko, now Soviet Foreign Minister. :
whose destinies are so intertwined with ours." Katz asserted that
Continued on Page 32
Revival of 'Blood Libel . Accusations
in Soviet I Tnion Charged by Bnai Brith
WASHINGTON—Anti-Jewish violence incited by outlandish tales of "blood rituals"
had terrorized the Jewish communities of two cities in the Soviet Union's Uzbek Republic;
mob rice., sparked by the ancient anti-Semitic superstition, flared up in Tashkent, capital
of Uzbek, and in the city of Margelan, some 100 miles away, creating fear and panic
among thei2 Jewish residents, Label A. Katz of New Orleans, president of Bnai Brith,
charged here Wednesday.
Reports received by Bnai Brith tell of scores of Jews being assaulted and injured
in the streets and in their homes during wild scenes of mob violence, he said.
The riots in Margelan took place in 1961, erupting two days after Rosh Hashana,
Katz said. They broke out Tashkent shortly after Passover last year, he said.
He said that local authorities—police and public prosecutors—remained passive
or sided with the attackers when Jewish homes were broken into and furniture and
personal belongings were looted or destroyed.
The blood libel—a relic of the Dark Ages accuses Jews of using the blood of
non-Jews for religious rituals. .
It was "probably not incidtrital" that both outbreaks in Uzbek, the most populated
Soviet, region in Central Asia, coincided with the celebration of major Jewish religious
holidays, Katz said.
He added that Bnai Brith had withheld disclosure of the riots until it was able
to authenticate information filtering out of the U.S.S.R. for almost a year.
Nothing of the outrages was reported in the provincial or major Soviet press, and
no punishment or reprimand has been meted out publicly to the instigators of the vio-
lence or the police officials and local prosecutors who abetted them, Katz said.
Blood libels were first used by the Romans against Christian martyrs. But in the
early Middle Ages they gained great currency as a means of spreading virulent anti-
Semitism. During the era of Czarist tyranny they were widely circulated in Russia,
with official connivance, to provoke anti-Jewish pogroms. The superstition then was
that Jews were required to use Christian blood for religious purposes.
Continued on Page 7
Detroit HIebrew U. Hostel:
Friends of the Hebrew University announced this week at the
organization's office in New York that plans have been made for
the construction of the Detroit Students Hostel at the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem. This project was spearheaded here two
years ago by a committee headed by Judge Theodore Levin, Leon-
ard N. Simons, Alan Schwartz, Mrs. Joseph H. Ehrlich and other
prominent local leaders. The project was launched at a dinner
that was addressed by the late Mrs.
Franklin D, Roosevelt.