Revised JPS B to
te Translate() n
Articles on Page 32 .
THE JEWISH NEWS
"T" Fr: CD I - r
A Weekly Review
Rabbi Leon Fram's Evaluation
Boris Smolar's Commendation
c I-1 1 GA■
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XLI I, No. 21
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE. 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Jan. 18, 1963
$6.00 Per Year; Single Copy 20c
Khrushchev Advises Jews Stay
Out of Public Jobs; Report 60
Synagogues Closed Since 1959
fAR's 'Quarrels' .
WASHINGTON, (JTA)—President Ken-
nedy's State of the Union - message to Con-
gress included a reference that some con-
sidered applicable in the controversy involv-
ing increased American aid to Egypt when
that country is•using its own resources for
military intercession abroad and to pay for
Urging . countries to devote their best
efforts to fulfilling goals of the American
aid proam, President Kennedy said: "The
story is the same in Africa, in the Middle
East, in Asia. - Wherever nations are willing
to help themselves, we stand ready to help
them build new bulwarks of freedom. We
are not purchasing votes for the cold war;
we have gone to the aid of imperiled nations,
neutrals and allies alike.
"What we do ask—and all' that we ask—
is that our help be used to best advantage,
and that their own efforts not be diverted
by needless quarrels with other independent
nations." His reference to "needless quar-
rels with other independent nations" seemed
applicable to frictions in the Near East.
The Washington Post published an analy-
Continued on Page 6
Six More Jews Sentenced to Death in. Kiev; •
Yevtushenko Denies Altering Babi Yar Poem
LONDON, (JTA)—Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev, speaking at a meeting in Moscow
of leading writers, artists, musicians and high government officials, expressed his opinion that it is
better for Jews not to hold top positions in Soviet government offices, because. "this only provokes
The meeting, according to a report in Sunday Observer, written by Edward Crankshaw, a
foremost expert on Soviet affairs, took place in Moscow last month and was called primarily to discuss
Soviet writing, art and music. However, it turned out to have been taken up largely with bitter
arguments about anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union.
The view that it was best to avoid placing Jews in top government positions was already
conveyed by Khrushchev to leaders of Poland and Hungary, back in 1956. That was the year when
the Soviet Premier visited Poland to prevent an anti-Communist revolt there and when the revolt
in Conimunist Hungary was crushed by the Russian army. Khrushchev said that, in his view, the
revolts in Poland and Hungary were largely due to the presence of "too many Jews" in top
The Moscow meeting, held Dec. 17, was widely publicized by the Soviet press, but none of the
details about the debate on anti-Semitism was made public. Thd Soviet government, wrote Crank-
shaw, had been advised by certain leaders of satellite governments that the latest Russian drive
against Jews had created "a poor impression in the outside world." The satellite leaders, according
to Crankshaw, referred to the arrests of rabbis and other Jewish leaders on charges of currency
speculation, and the continued closing of synagogues in the Soviet Union.
The debate on anti-Semitism, according to Crankshaw, was caused by an attack by the
Communist Party's chief propagandist, Ilychev, against the composer Shostakovitch for using the
famous Yevgeny Yevtushenko poem, Babi Yar, in connection with his latest major composition, the
Thirteenth Symphony. Babi Yar had been widely interpreted in the West as a condemnation of
continuing Soviet anti-Semitism. It dealt with the ravine in' Kiev where at least 40,000 Jewish, men,
Continued on Page 5
64h Fleet Cmdr. Denies Charge
Jewish Servicemen Restricted
WASHINGTON, - (JTA)—Vice Admiral David L. McDonald, Com-
mander of the United States Sixth Fleet, said that a recent canvass of
individual Sixth Fleet ships, which he ordered, indicated that "there had
been no restrictions placed on the shore liberty of Jewish personnel by
individual ship commanding officers." -
Vice Admiral McDonld explained that "it is a well known fact that
under normal circumstances a number of Arabic countries, including
Lebanon, place restrictions upon the entry of (American) Jewish per-
sonnel. These restrictions are originated by the countries concerned just
as the United States originates laws concerning entry there."
"Service personnel in a leave status are subject to whatever entry
regulations the country to be visited wishes to impose," Vice Admiral
McDonald stressed. "However, these restrictions do not apply to the crews
of ships and aircraft of the Sixth Fleet when we enter port in cities for
which diplomatic clearance for a visit has been granted."
The Vice Admiral said: "We in the Navy are very proud of our
reputation of respecting and valuing our shipmates, not by their race or
creed, but by their character, personality and capabilities." The contro-
versy developed last year when officers and men of Jewish faith on Sixth
Fleet duty revealed they had been informed they could not have leave at
certain Arab ports because of the policy of Arab governments.
Rabbi Adler Urges Political
Role to Nation's Religionists
Special Report Based on JTA Dispatches
Rabbi Morris Adler has sounded a plea for the exercise of religious
interests in politics in a speech before a forum of the National Confer- •
ence on Religion and Race which opened Monday in Chicago.
The gathering is the first Catholic; Protestant and Jewish convocation
of its kind in the United States.
Rabbi Adler, spiritual leader of Cong. Shaarey Z.edek in Southfield,
urged religious leaders not to be afraid of "dirtying their hands in the
work of the world" to voice their convictions. He cautioned, however,
that they also "avoid any appearance of seeking control."
Said Rabbi Adler: "I can visualize no type of customary and legiti-
mate action in the sphere of political life which is to be denied to
organized religion short of promoting the candidacy of a particular
candidate." Continued on Page 3
Clemency Sought for 3 Nazis
MILTON FRIEDMAN .
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON — Three leading Nazis, still confined at West Berlin's Spandau
war 'crimes prison, may go free if the United States heeds clemency appeals by the
West German Red Cross. The criminals are Rudolf Hess, once Hitler's top deputy;
Baldur von Schirach, the fanatic Hitler youth leader; and Albert Speer, Reichs-
minister of armaments and munitions.
The international Nuremberg tribunal desisted from sentencing von Schirach
and Speer to death only because their testimony helped incriminate the other Nazis
on trial. Without their self-serving testimony, both would have surely been executed.
They received 20 years each with the expectation that this time would not be reduced
by a single day. Hess escaped death because of a mental condition which may have
been feigned. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.
United States authorities were asked to extend special consideration to the
three. The Soviet Union still has a say at Spandau prison; owing to the old four-power
arrangement. But America is urged to find a formula to remove the prisoners from
After dissolution in 1948 of the four-power Control Council in Germany, there
was no supreme authority which could grant clemency to the last inmates at Spandau.
The German Red Cross thinks the age of these final three major prisoners
should be considered, and that compassion is indicated. American officials seem to
agree. German public opinion is depicted as feeling that continued imprisonment of
men who served their country and fought Communism is inhumane. Indeed, the only
people who seem to care very much are the survivors of the Nazi oppression which
these three helped conceive and implement.
The Jewish War Veterans of the U.S.A. served notice that too many lives
were snuffed out by Nazi bestiality to grant further charity to leading Nazis..1WV
noted that some rebellious youths, in various countries, are becoming enchanted with
pro-Nazism. How can they be convinced how • terrible Nazism was when we are asked
to have compassion for the surviving Nazi leaders? .
Von Schirach is an idol of the handful of young Nazis emerging in the United
States, Argentina and elsewhere. He inspired German youth. by composing for the
Hitler Jugend provocative songs of a bellicose anti-Semitic nature. He condemned
not only synagogues but Christian churches.
Speer was convicted of Participation in the slave labor program which resulted
in the death of many Jews and others.
Hess was one of the earliest and most vicious Nazis. Nuremberg judges decided
that "as deputy to the fuehrer, Hess was the top man in the Nazi party, with respon-
sbility for handling all party matters, and authority to Make decisions • in Hitler's
name on all questions of party leadership."