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January 11, 1963 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-01-11

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mlle Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

Business Manager

SIDNEY SHMARAK

Advertising Manager

HARVEY ZUCKERBERG

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the sixteenth day of Teveth, the following Scriptural selections will be read
in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Wa-yehi; Gen. 47:28-50:26. Prophetical portion: I Kings 2:1-12.

Licht Benshen, Friday, Jan. 11, 5:03 p.m.

VOL. XLII. No. 20

Page Four

January 11, 1963

Can Prejudice Be Fought Legislatively?

Reports of the spreading virus of anti-
Semitism, based on surveys conducted by
by the World Jewish Congress, have
raised anew the question whether preju-
dices and incitements to' racial hatreds
can be curbed by legislative actions.
Opponents of resort to legislation as
a means of curbing discrimination make
the claim that racial hatred can be eradi-
cated only by means of educational
processes and that legislation would
infringe upon the established rights of
freedom of expression.
A study of the subject made by the
World Jewish Congress counters these
arguments by stating that the first con-
tention "rightly points to the duty of
educators in our multi-racial society to
promote understanding and tolerance
between people of different racial origin,"
but "it overlooks the fact that laws, par-
ticularly criminal laws, have themselves
the character and purpose of social en-
lightenment and often prove to be the
most effective means of education."
Challenging the second argument, the
World Jewish Congress survey maintains
that while "the sanctity of this basic
freedom must be rigorously preserved
and safeguarded," absolute freedom of
speech or expression has never existed,
and that "democratic society has always
found it right and necessary to put limits
on this freedom when it conflicts with
higher social ideals and interests." WJC's
study also asserts that the enactment of
legislation by many countries reflects
"the growing acceptance by the interna-
tional community of the necessity to out-
law incitement to racial hatred."
It is primarily as a result of the
recent anti-Semitic outbursts in England
and the revelations of attempts by anti-
Semites to internationalize the existing
anti-Semitic movements in many lands
that new steps have been taken to resort
to legislation to fight prejudice on all
fronts.
A predominant skepticism exists in.

Histadrut's Glory

In the darkest hours of the struggle
for a Jewish National Home in Palestine,
the Labor Zionists were in the forefront
of activities in defense of the Jewish
colonies, as sponsors of Aliyah movements
which encouraged immigrants to settle
in what was eventually to be the State
of Israel and as inaugurators of economic
projects aimed at encouraging industrial
as well as agricultural development in the
land.
Nearly four decades ago, Histadrut,
the Israel Federation of Labor, inaugu-
rated a campaign which was then known
under the name of Gewerkshaften. It re-
ferred, symbolically, to requests that were
made at that time for tools and agricul-
tural implements to assist in the develop-
ment of Palestinian settlements.
Since then, the project of aiding the
Zionist-sponsored labor settlements has
expanded into a much greater movement
functioning under the name "Histadrut,"
and its funds serve many needs, espe-
cially those related to the labor move-
ment's health and social services and its
economic development functions.
The perennial Histadrut drives serve
to encourage many labor-supported causes
and a number of movements that have
become an integral part of the Israel
economy. Histadrut has served Israel
well, and the support given its campaigns
here is well deserved.

this country on the advisability of resort-
ing to law and the courts in seeking action
against bigotry. The feeling is—and the
Civil Liberties Union adheres to it ve-
hemently—that legislation of this sort is
certain to prove a double edged sword
that would react as much against advo-
cates of civil and religious liberties as
against those who would curtail them.
But—is enough being done to educate
people everywhere in support of liber-
tarian principles and against prejudice?
There is an evident weakness in our edu-
cational processes in this vital area of
human relations, and until that is cor-
rected there will remain a strong. faction
that will seek resort to legislation against Wisdom of Two Israeli Women
discriminations. In the interim, while
there is greater strength in arguments
against legislative action in matters in-
volving our freedoms, the question must
remain unresolved as long as bigots
adhere to their rights to advocate their
Israel has produced personalities of distinction, and women
destructive views.

Selected Works of Golda Meir,
Ada Maimon in 2 NewVolumes

Aramco's 'Denial'

In spite of the fact that the Arabian-
American Oil Co. has withdrawn its re-
quest for a review of the New York State
Supreme Court's findings which con-
demned the firm that has such vast hold-
ings in Saudi Arabia of discriminating
against Jewish applicants for employment,
Aramco's spokesmen again insist that it
does not discriminate against Jews.
Yet, the data provided exposes Aramco
as one of the worst offenders—as part of
a scheme that has permitted the most
shocking abuses in the treatment of
Americans who happen to be Jews, by
American firms who have submitted to
Arab boycott pressures.
Let Aramco stand out as an example
to all who yield to un-American anti-
Jewish pro-Arab pressures. Let there be
an end to discriminations and complete
adherence to the principle that the rights
of all Americans must be protected, wher-
ever they may be. Aramco's policies stand
for double standards in dealing with
Americans ---- one for Jews and another
for non-Jews. That must not be tolerated
and Aramco's new claims must stand re-
jected as anti-American and therefore
abhorrent to the common decencies that
are upheld by our established traditions.

Dr. Hertz s Optimism

In his address at the Conference on
Open Occupancy last Thursday, Dr. Rich-
ard C. Hertz sounded an optimistic note.
He expressed the view that men of good
will are to be found in every neighbor-
hood and that if those seeking amity
will link hands "they can allay the fears
of the timid and set a new tone of confi-
dence in welcoming new good neighbors
and in promoting standards cherished by
all."
Even if his views are a bit exaggerat-
ed, they should be welcomed as evidences
of much-needed optimism. If we were to
base our dealings with our neighbors, re-
gardless of their racial origins, upon pes-
simism, we would at once invite trouble.
It is by being hopeful, by taking into ac-
count the fact that we have been spared
conflicts that had led to bloodshed and
rioting elsewhere, that we can continue
to build for good neighborliness. On this
score Dr. Hertz has made a positive con-
tribution to the discussion that must lead
to the best relations among all races and
all faiths.

played important roles in the new nation's statesmanship. Chief
among the distaff side of Israel's distinguished leaders are Golda
Meir, her country's Foreign Minister, and Ada Maimon, educator,
feminist, labor leader and a former Knesset member.
Mrs. Meir's noteworthy statements appear
in a volume, "This Is Our Strength," published
by Macmillan. The book was edited by Henry
M. Christman. Eleanor Roosevelt had written a
five-page foreward to this volume and she had
an opportunity to see the printed work before
her death.
In her foreword, in which she paid tribute
to her friend Golda Meir, Mrs. FDR stated:
"Golda Meir has a creative mind. She is
a woman one cannot help but deeply respect
and deeply love and it is a great satisfaction
to feel that we will have this collection which
we can keep on a table near at hand to read
from time to time when we need refreshment
and courage."
Golda Meir
Mrs. Roosevelt also wrote in honor of her Israeli friend: "It
seems to me that Israel has had leaders who are constantly look-
ing forward and Golda Meir herself has shown a power of de-
velopment which is one of the first things we all feel in the
state of Israel itself. It arises from the fact that the men and
women who have been the leaders have this power of develop-
ment and can move forward and meet the needs of the country
and paint the picture of its situation for the world increasingly
clear."
Christman ; whose introduction contains a brief biographical
sketch of Mrs. Meir, has incorporated in his collection of her
works her major addresses before the United Nations General
Assembly and in UN committees. Most appropriately, howeVer,
his first selection is an article Mrs. Meir wrote 'for the Palestine
Women Workers' Council in 1939 on the subject "This Is Our
Strength," which became the title for the book. In this article
she outlined her Zionist views, and emphasized that "here (in a
Jewish State) our children will be safe."
A number of her speeches in this volume were those she
delivered at Labor Zionist and at women's gatherings. There .
is the text of a radio address in Jerusalem on Israel's foreign
relations. Her exposes of anti-Semitism in the UN, her famous
evaluations of Israel's status and her address on the Eichmann
case at the UN are among the major contents in this book.
"Women Build a Land" is Ada Maimon's record of accom-
plishments by the women of Israel, in her book published by the
Herzl Press. Tribute to the "penetrating and authoritative" ap-
proach to her subject by Ada Maimon is expressed in a preface
to the book by Marie Syrkin.
The Maimon volume is a tribute to the halutza, to Thrael
working woman. It takes into account the excellence of the work
that has been performed in Israel's behalf by the Pioneer Women's
Organization and its collaborating forces in the Jewish State.
Ada Maimon traces the activities of the working women in
Israel to the era before the first world war. She describes the
critical days, the challenges that tried many souls, the obstacles
that threatened the pioneering tasks. Out of the struggle emerged
the courageous who became the builders of statehood.
The early Aliya movements, the roles played by the JNF,
Histadrut, WIZO and other Zionist movements, the leadership
of many prominent Israeli women, and many other factors are
described in this valuable work.
Services by nurses, farm workers, kindergartners and school
teachers, road workers and others active in many fields of en-
deavor are described here.
"Women Build a Land" will serve as an inspiration to those
already engaged in work for Israel and is certain to inspire
others to engage in such tasks. Ada Maimon had written an
inspired and an inspiring description of the woman's share in
Israel's development.

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