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January 11, 1963 - Image 26

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-01-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Golda Meir Says Israel,- U.S. Agree on Basics

Boris Smolor's

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

Between You
... and Me'

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS Friday, Janu



Copyright, 1963
(Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.

I

I

The 1963 Issue

The big issue facing American Jewry in 1963 is whether or
not there should be a central authority in Jewish communal
affairs . . Dr. Nahum Goldmann is a strong advocate of
centralization in American Jewish communal life . . . He considers
that this would not only eliminate overlapping in the activities
of some organizations, but that it would also strengthen the
American Jewish community . . . The Council of Jewish Federa-
tions and Welfare Funds similarly favors centralized direction of
Jewish communal affairs on the theory that this helps to bring
more order in organized Jewish life and prevents chaos ... The
National Community Relations Advisory Council and other central
Jewish bodies, by the very nature of their existence, are among
the protagonists of a central authority in Jewish communal
life . . . Different, however, is the attitude of the American
Jewish Committee, which argues that only in societies with
rigidly defined religious and ethnic groups—or with strong links
*between church and state — religious and ethnic communities
have corporate status and central authority ... Since the United
States is not that kind of a society, there should be no corporate
Jewish community and no central authority in Jewish communal
affairs, the AJC emphasizes .. ., It cites the state of affairs in
our religious life as an example . . • If there had been central
authority in our religious affairs, we would not today have the
Jewish Theological Seminary and the Yeshiva University, it
claims ... There would be the one Hebrew Union College, which
was there first .. Authority would have prevented the estab-
lishment of these two higher institutions of Jewish learning, the
AJC believes, because they would have been considered as
"deviates" ... In the opinion of the AJC, more often than not,
institutional life lags behind progress, rather than setting the
pace . . . With this in view, the AJC considers it important that,
whatever the structure for cooperation, it must be characterized
by pliability and by a regard for diversity . . . The AJC thus
favors cooperation between organizations rather than permanent
organization for coordination . . . It also argues that, for a free
interplay of relationships between Jews and non-Jews in Amer-
ica, there must be within the Jewish group itself a flexibility
with regard to difference in outlook, whether religious, cultural
or communal

JERUSALEM — Mrs. Golda
Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister
expressed the opinion Tuesday
that the "gap" between the Is-
raeli analysis of the Middle East
situation and that of the United
States had "somewhat narrowed
but that does not mean that we
are always agreed on the action
that should follow."
She added in a radio inter-
view here that "on basic issues
we are in full agreement." She
listed these as the need for

peace in the Middle East, real
independence for all states in
the area "and their right to
freedom of fear of invasion or
intervention."
In a review of the recent
United Nations General Assem-
bly debate on the future of the
Arab refugees, she stressed that
there had been no progress "at
least in the attitudes" of the
leaders of the Arab states. She
said that the Arab spokesman

"do not really discuss the refu-
gee question at all but- only
Israel."
Discussing h e r forthcoming
visit to East Africa, she said she
would go to Madagascar, Tan-
ganyika, Uganda and Kenya, add-
ing that Israel was "most fortu-
nate to have the friendship of
so many of the emerging coun-
tries in Africa. If I can help
to build this friendship by my
visit, it will be well worthwhile."

gaps ti,-E3

Frankfurt Court
Upholds Voiding of
Mengele's Doctorate

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

FRANKFURT — The Frank-
furt Administrative Court re-
jected Wednesday an appeal by
the wife of Dr. Josef Mengele,
the long-sougth Auschwitz "selec-
tion doctor" against a decision
of the Frankfurt University void-
ing Mengele's doctorate. Men-
gele has been in hiding since
the collapse of the Nazi regime.
He authorized his wife to
sue the_ university which acted
against him in July, 1961, and
Mrs. Mengele appeared. The ad-
ministrative Court heard several
former inmates of the Auschwitz
murder factory where Mengele
had the asignment of selecting
victims for the gas chambers.

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Sandy Koufax completed his
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best season.

Controversial Philosophy

The philosophy favoring "voluntarism" against "centralism"
in American Jewish communal life advocated by the American
Jewish Committee is formulated by Dr. John Slawson, its exec-
utive vice president . . Dr. Slawson is obviously aware of the
fact that this philosophy could be counteracted by pointing to
the success of "centralism" prevailing in Jewish community life
with regard to_.Tewish Federations and the United Jewish Appeal
. . He, therefore, concentrates on arguing that,, since 1954, the
income of federated Jewish campaigns in this country remained
fairly stable at around $125,000,000 annually, with minor fittctua-
tions . Yet, during the same period, the income of independent
national campaigns increased, he points out . . . He cites Brandeis
University, City of Hope, -the Jewish Theological Seminary and
Hebrew University as examples . . . These institutions now raise
approximately $60,000,000 annually, as compared with around
$35,000,000 in 1954 . . . This is in addition to the vast boom of
Jewish communal buildings—synagogliges, Jewish centers, hos-
pitals, homes for the aged

-



Siberian Christians Seeking Home
in Israel Denied Asylum by U.S.

WASHINGTON, (JTA)—The
State Department announced
its "deep distress" over reli-
gious persecution in the Soviet
Union but said the United
States Embassy in Moscow was
in no position to give sanctuary
to a group of about 30 Siberian
peasants who sought refuge
there.
Embassy officials informed

Pravda Story Charges
Ehrenburg Encourages.
Western Influence

Pravada last week ran a story
accusing Soviet writer Ilya
Ehrenburg of encouraging the
spread of Western influence and
abs tract art among. Soviet
artists.
His attacker in the article was
Alexander Laktionov,. a painter
of the "Socialist realist" _school.
Laktionov charged that Ehren-
burg helped to spread "formal-
ist tendencies" in Soviet art
and favoring modernistic art
tendencies—particularly French
art.
Ehrenburg, 71, in London to
attend a peace conference, re-
ftised to comment on the article.



the State Department that the
peasants, who identified them-
selves as Evangelical Christians,
wanted to go to the State of Is-
rael. A U.S. official said, "it is
not clear whether they were talk-
ing of the modern Israel, or of
the. Old Testament- Israel."
Because it is contrary to Amer-
ican policy to grant asylum to
foreign nationals_ at U.S. em-
bassies, the group -was turned
over to Soviet authorities.
State Department spokesman
Lincoln White said "it is deeply
disturbing to us that there
should be, in any country, re-
strictions on the free exercise
of religion or any other ele-
mentary iniman rights. Never-
theless, this unhappy situation
concerns Soviet citizens on their
own territory." Israeli diplo-
matic quarters had no com-
ment.

2 Jewish Agencies
in St. Louis to Join

ST. LOUIS, (JTA) — The
boards of directors of the Jew-
ish Family Service Agency and
the Jewish Child Welfare As-
sociation have voted to merge
the programs of their respec-
tive organizations into a new
agency to be known as Jewish
Family and Children's Service.
The new agency will provide
Jewish families in the com-
munity with one central- place
to which to come to discuss
family problems.

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