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December 07, 1962 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-12-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

By 'HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Continued pressUres from the
West will bring progress in
opening communication for
Russia's Jews with the outside
world, predicts New York
Times foreign correspondent
Harrison Salisbury.
He spoke Wednesday night
to an audience of 400 at Tem-
ple Beth El.
Indicted in the United Na-
tions and other world forums
on charges of national anti-
Semitism, the Soviet govern-
ment is not impervious to world
public opinion and criticism,
according to Salisbury.
"I'm not without hope," he
said. "Khrushchev has cre-
ated this situation for him-
Self. He must take note of
this agitation and make
changes so that the situation
is not as obnoxious to the
outside world. But such pres-
sures must be kept on the
Soviet government inces-
-
santly."
Salisbury, - who speaks from
first-hand experience as a fre-
quent visitor to Russia and her
satellite nations, won a Pu-
litzer Prize for his series in
the Times on "Russia Re-
viewed."
While he forecasts improved
circumstances for Russia's
3,000,000 Jews, chances that
they be allowed to emigrate
are very dim and will be for a
long time, he said. Salisbury
cites three reasons why Khru-
shchev — like the Pharaoh of
old—will not let the Jewish
People go: -
"1. Under present condi-
tions in Russia, the great
majority of Jews would de-
fect to the West or to Israel.
2. The talents of the 3,000,-
000 Jews—many of whom com-
prise a great part of the Rus-
sian intelligentsia—are irre-
placeable to the Soviet govern-
ment.
"3. The desired image of the
Soviet Union as a workers'

.

paradise would be destroyed by
an exodus of the Jews."
Some observers in the free
world have questioned the de-
gree of authenticity of perse-
cution of Jews in the USSR,
seldom reported first-hand and
often circuitously via capitols
outside the Iron Curtain—
mainly London.
Salisbury testified that "Ev-
erything you read about the
persecution of Jews in Russia
is true."
But, he said, • the Soviet
government's tyranny over
Jews is only part of an anti-
religion campaign which also

London Opens Exhibit
of Anti-Semitic,
Neo-Nazi Publications

LONDON, (JTA)—An exhibi-
tion of anti-Semitic, neo-fascist
and neo-Nazi publications, con-
taining several hundred such
items from 18 countries opened
here, arranged by the World
Jewish Congress.
Most of the publications on
exhibit originated after World
War II with special emphasis
on the past decade. The exhibit
also contains examples of ex-
t r e m e right-wing literature
which were included not be-
cause such material can be
classified as anti-Semitic or
fascist but because it was con-
sidered potentially dangerous in
its political extremism.
The publications come from
Argentina, Australia, Belgium,
Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt,
Ireland, Italy, Jordan, France,
Germany, Holl an d, Turkey,
Sweden, South Africa, Britain
and the United States. There
are also some samples of Hun-
garian neo-Nazi publications,
published in exile. Included are
books, pamphlets, newspapers,
magazines, posters, bulletins
and printed declarations dis-
tributed at various gatherings
of neo-fascists and anti-Semites.

Nazi Who Killed Jews Gets 8-Year Sentence

HANOVER, West Germany,
(JTA) — Oskar Waltke, 56, a
former SS sergeant, was sen-
tenced to eight years of hard
labor in prison here on convic-
tion of complicity in the murder
of four Jews in Nazi-occupied
Poland during the war.
He had pleaded not guilty to
charges of murder and compli-
city to murder Jews in the Lvov
Ghetto from 1942 to 1944.
Hyman Weisentlial, a former
Lvov architect who is now di-
rector of the Vienna Document
Center and author of "I Hunted
Eichmann," testified he had
watched Waltke arrange trans-
ports from the ghetto to a near-
by labor camp and that Waltke,

now .a Hanover businessman,
was known to the ghetto prison-
ers as one of the cruelest of the
SS men.

victimizes the Russian Ortho-
dox Church.
"Send in funny
The Soviet Union launched
HEADLINE...see
the campaign three years ago
your
name in. print!"
as a result of the resurgence
of religious activity. Histori-
cally, the Communist movement
embraces atheism to achieve
complete domination over its
citizens.
"However," Salisbury ex-
UNA-5600
plained, "an anti-religion cam-
paign translated to Jews is
anti-Semitism."
18039 Wyoming
An anti-religion campaign
MURRY KOBLIN
launched in Moscow, he said,
ADVERTISING
fans anti-Semitic hatreds which
have never died in the rural
areas of Russia. These "his-
toric feelings," Salisbury said,
"are as bitter as when they
existed in the days of the Czar."
And when your friends finish
In addition, he said, the So-
reading this Chanukah card...
viet government regards Jews
as bad security risks.
"Russia fears Jews," said
Salisbury, "because they have
divided loyalties, because of
their attachment to Israel."
In outlining the history and
W W5: 4W & W
nature of anti-Semitism in the
Soviet Union, the writer said
that Stalin's death nearly a
decade ago was fortuitous to
the Jews:
ttausgm-w, ..
"Stalin, had he lived, would
have carried out an anti-Semi-
they can eat it.
tic campaign greater than Hit-
ler's," Salisbury said. "His plan
was to evacuate all Jews in
Russia to Siberia. His death It contains a large chocolate greeting card inside. 50c
was fortuitous to the Jewish each. Come in and see Barton's other fine Chanukah gifts.
people.
"Things started to look bet-
ter for the Jews until about
. three years ago. Then it was
decided that religion was
making quite a comeback in
Russia. This frightened the
24711 COOLIDGE HWY., at 10 Mile Rd.
party and a new attack on
Across from Dexter-Davison Market
religion was launched."
Salisbury concluded on a
Barton's Confections and Baked Delicacies are
"hopeful" note:
also available at 18309 Wyoming, near Curtis,
"The Russian intelligentsia
and at•Crowley's Street Floor.
today is beginning to speak
up against anti-Semitism in Rus-
sia as it did against the po-
groms conducted by the Czar."



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5 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, December 7, 1962

Soviet Vulnerable to World Criticism
of Persecution of Jews—Salisbury

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