Ossip Gabrilowitsch's views, and the
ark -Tornio:Traitli tton a Mrs.
com poser's and the famous humorist's
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Mass Executions Continue in
USSR; Four Shot in Kishinev,
Two Reported Killed in Lvov
LONDON, (JTA) — Four Soviet citizens who are believed to have been
Jews have been shot for alleged "speculation," and five others, also believed Jews,
were given long prison sentences for similar "economic crimes," according to re-
ports from Moscow received here. Their trial took place in Kishinev.
victims of Soviet execution squads, not otherwise identified, even
by first The
according to the report from Moscow — Palanker, Tabak,
Rabinovitch and Goldenstein. Prison terms ranging from six years to 12 years
were meted out to the second group, convicted in the same trial, named Sereb-
nitski, Uchitel, Milenstein, Sudman and Gorbaty. All names seemed Jewish to
observers here as well as in the Soviet Union.
An earlier report received here from the USSR stated that two Soviet Jews
were sentenced to death in Lvov; two others were given heavy prison sentences,
and a number of other Russian Jews were sentenced to shorter jail terms, all
charged with so-called "economic crimes."
The Lvovskaya Pravda, a local organ of the Communist Party in Lvov, in
the Ukraine, received here, reported that the death sentences for alleged "em-
bezzlement and bribery" were meted out to C. M.
Kitaygorodsky and S. G. Skelnik.
Continued on Page 25
Orthodox Leaders Avoid Criticizing High
Court Ruling Against School Prayers
Propose 'Period of Silence' by Students
Aid for 100,000 = Many of the more than
100,000 Jewish refugees who poured into France from
Algeria, Tunisia and other countries in 1962 require as-
sistance in finding housing and jobs. Top, newcomers wait
for housing information in a Joint Distribution Committee-
supported welfare agency. Lower left, a mother and her
child who remained behind in Algeria receive an emer-
gency food allotment. Lower right, a handicapped new-
comer in Israel learns to walk with the help of a physical
therapist in JDC's Malben program on behalf of aged, ill,
and handicapped immigrants. A program and budget to
aid hundreds of thousands of Jews in 27 countries in 1963
will be aopted by the JDC National Council at the 48th
annual meeting next Thursday in New York.
WASHINGTON, (JTA)—The 64th biennial national convention of the Union of Ortho-
dox Jewish Congregations of America declined to take a definitive osition of the question
of federal aid to religious schools with the adoption of a resolution citing the "variety of views"
which made it "difficult" to reach a consensus at the convention.
The resolution called for formation of a special committee which will report
to the Union's
executive committee. Officers and delegates who had differed on the issue compromised
resolution and urged the convention to emphasize the areas of accord rather than those of dis-
sent. The Union comprises 3,100 Orthodox congregations in the United States and Canada.-
The convention passed a resolution advocating the adoption of a moment of "silence" for
devotion at the beginning of sessions every day
in public schools. In this period of silence chil-
dren would think in terms of their individual faiths and pray in silent devotion.
In urging adoption of the resolution pertaining to federal aid, Moses I:
was re-elected president of the organization, said it
was the "essence of honesty" to admit that
there was considerable divergence of opinion. His support of the resolution was followed
an appeal from the convention chairman, Joseph Karasick, for further discussion of the issue
at local and regional levels during a "cooling off" period.
The text of the resolution on prayer in public schools, as adopted, reads:
"The controversy that followed the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision which declared
that group recitation in the public schools of the so-called Regents' Prayer as contrary to the First
Continued on Page 26
Does the 'Religious Vote'
Foster Inter-Group Hatred? •
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright, 1962,. Jewish Telegraphic Agency,
Dias Aids Egyptian Family:
A 58-year-old Jewish man from
Egypt who "suffered many vexations and could not bear the threatening atmosphere/' is
shown arriving at idlewild with his wife and nine children through United Hias Service
assistance. The man, Elie Setton, had to give up his hosiery and underwear shop in Alex-
andria. The children range from seven to 27 years of age. Part of a charter
of 57 Jewish refugees aided by the worldwide migration agency, the Settons are starting
a neNA life in Boston with the help of
the Jewish Family and Children's Service,
WASHINGTON — To the horror of some Jewish
organizations, the existence of a "Jewish vote" in the
United States was suggested by a number of speakers at
an institute conducted here by the National Conference of
Christians and Jews.
One political poll expert, Oliver A. Quayle, actually
maintained that the Jewish vote provided the narrow
margin for President Kennedy's 1960 election victory.
Quayle, \\rho polled opinion fluctuations for the Ken-
nedy campaign, concluded that "a voter who is a Jew or
a Catholic is likely to express feelings as a Jew or a
Catholic in an election, even as do
women, men, members
of labor unions, farmers, and businessmen."
"Of what value is religion when it is not translated
and applied to the issues of the day?" asked Quayle. lie
maintained that "religion must play a major role in peoples'
decisions on political issues."
Quayle reported: "The best recent example of religion
influencing people came in the election of 1960. In the
continued on Page 3