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October 19, 1962 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-10-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

(Dttect JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

UNITED NATIONS — An
impassioned appeal to the
United Nations and to "all
apostles of peace" to help bring
about direct peace negotiations
between the Arab states and
Israel and to start toward world
disarmament by making the
Middle East "the first p o i n t
where disarmament would come
into force" was delivered here
Tuesday by one of the newest
but most influential African
representatives.
The appeal came in an ad-
dress to a plenary session of
the General " Assembly from
Frederic Guirma, chairman of
the Upper Volta delegation.
Last year, Guirma was one
of the prime movers of the
resolution in the Assembly
calling for direct peace talks
between the hostile Arab
states and Israel. The resolu-
tion, ultimately sponsored by
16 members, including other
Africans, several from Latin
America and the Netherlands
as representative of West
Europeans, was defeated after
the United States and Britain
opposed it.
Last weekend, the Assembly
heard from another African,

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Maurice Dejean, Foreign Min-
ister of the Central African
Republic, who said his delega-
tion would support this year
"any concrete proposal" tend-
ing to promote a negotiated
agreement between the Arab
countries and Israel. The CAR
was also one of the backers of
the peace-talks draft last year.
But G u i r m a's intervention
made it clear that not only the
Africans, but many other mem-
bers as well—including possibly
several of the Scandinavian
countries — will advance such
a proposal this year with
greater force than at the last
Assembly session.
Declaring that the Arab refu-
gee question, which is again on
the agenda this year as it has
been for 14 years, "is a false
problem that has lasted too
long," the Upper Volta diplo-
mat told the Assembly that the
refugee issue must be resolved
'for the sake of the peace of
the world," stating that the
Middle East "rests on a volcano
just as dangerous as Berlin or
Cuba." He said:
"This area becomes ever
more replete with fantastic
weapons. The opposing par-
ties have learned the lessons
of the cold war so well that
they speak its liiiguage to
perfection. If they wish to
try using rockets, very well;
but when one of them goes
so far as to indicate that these
rockets will fall at certain
specified places, this is less
reassuring. Soviet - manufac-
tured planes and weapons are
stockpiled in many countries

Verdicts on Religion in Florida
Schools Appealed to Supreme Court

I I

WASHINGTON, (JTA) — The
American Jewish Congress and
the American Civil Liberties
Union requested the Supreme
Court to rule on the constitution-
ality of various • aspects affecting
the general issue of religion in
public schools, all of the cases
arising from rulings by the
Supreme Court of the State of
Florida.
According to the joint AJC-
ACLU appeal, the Florida court
has upheld the practices of
Bible reading and recitation of
the Lord's Prayer in the public
I
schools, has allegedly permitted
the conduct of high school grad-
uation exercises "in the form of
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I Two crisp
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I
1 lb. $1.95
The Supreme Court announced
I
last week that it would consider
some wide aspects of the church-
state issue, during this term,
specifically giving attention to
the constitutionality of Bible-
reading and recitation of the
Exclusively at
Lord's Prayer in public schools.
These issues involved previous
lower court rulings in Maryland
and Pennsylvania. The High Tri-
bunal, however, did not touch
At 10 Mile Rd.
upon the Florida cases.
Across from
Dexter Davison Mkt.
The Congress - ACLU appeal
18309 Wyoming nr. Curtis I stressed that it was "not an at-
tack on religion" but rather "an
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effort to strengthen the , consti-
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tutional principle of separation
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guarantee of religious freedom
OPEN SUNDAYS
for all Americans."
I
AND EVENINGS
The appeal was filed by Leo
Pfeffer, general counsel of the
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while other defensive weap-
ons are furnished by t h e
United States of America."
"In a situation like this," he
continued, "everyone should
speak the language of reason,
in fact just the language of
common sense. And what is the
language of common sense? It
is simple. The State of Israel
exists. It is a member of the
United Nations. It is universally
known and many countries hold
it in high esteem. It is very
active in practical international
collaboration. It is impossible
to strike that state off the map
of the world because a million
Arab refugees remain unyield-
ing in the matter of the method
and • form in which they should
be indemnified for the losses
sustained by them.
Guirma concluded his state-
ment regarding the Arab-Israeli
issues by telling the Assembly:
"The Middle East was the
cradle of two of the greatest
religions of the world and many
messages of conciliation and
peace came from there. It is to
betray its divine message
preaching peace to foster a cli-
mate of war in this part of the
world. I wish to congratulate
her excellency, the Minister of
Foreign Affairs of Israel, Mrs.
Golda Mehl ', for having sug-
gested from this rostrum, and
many times, that the Middle
East should become the first
point where disarmament could
come into force. We are in full
agreement with this construc-
tive proposal, and we think
that it should be taken up by
all apostles of peace."

.

American Jewish Congress, act-
ing as chief attorney for four
parents of school children in
Dade County (Miami), Florida.
Two of the parents are Jewish,
one is a Unitarian, and the
fourth declared himself an ag-
nostic.

Ben-Gurion Sees
Greater Eilat as
Israel's Largest Port
TEL AVIV, (JTA)—A vision
of a Greater Eilat as Israel's
largest port in the not too dis-
tant future was described here
by Prime Minister David Ben-
Gurion in an address to some
3,000 members and guests of
the Israel Exploration Society
which held its annual confer-
ence in Eilat.
Ben-Gurion said that Eilat
could not exist without large
industry, just as it could not
exist without a strong Negev
hinterland. The Prime Minister
revealed that as far back as
1935, he had visited the Eilat
area with the late United States
Supreme Court Justice • Louis
Brandeis, who proposed, on the
spot, that a large sum of money
be raised to purchase lands
there.
Professor Yigal Yadin of the
Hebrew University, reported to
the conference on his findings
in the•Bar Kochba cave explora-
tions in the Negev. Professor
Nelson Glueck, president of the
Hebrew Union College - Jewish
Institute of Religion, also ad-
dressed the session.

Neo-Nazi Tells Court
He Hates What Jews
Have Done to Britain
LONDON (JTA) — Colin
Jordan, leader of the British
National Socialist movement,
declared in court at his trial
that "I am guilty of being anti-
Jewish because I love my coun-
try and hate what the Jews have
done to it."
He and three officers of his
movement have been convicted
on charges of having violated the
Public Order Act, which bans
organizations seeking to achieve
political goals by force, through
the organization of a paramili-
tary force called "Spearhead."
Earlie r, Mervyn Griffith-
Jones, the prosecutor, quoted
from "Spearhead" documents to
the effect that "The Spearhead

forward and marches
in the spirit of the storm-troop-.
ers of the National Socialist
revolution in Germany." He
asked Jordan: "Is that your
purpose?" and the neo-Nazi re-
plied, "that is correct."

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African Delegate to UN Urges Direct
Peace Talks Between Israel, Arabs

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