Universal Righteousness.. Aiilphasis on justice for ../171
In the Ideals of YOM Kippur—the Sabbath of Sabbaths
See Editorial on Page 4 . . . List of Yarn Kippur Services on Page 9
Editorial, Page 4
HE JEWISH NE
7- F=2 CD I
A Weekly Review
Review, Page 4
NA I C I—I I GA NI
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XLI I, No. 6
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, October 5, 1962 — $6.00 Per Year;
Single Copy 20c
• Argentinian Jewry Alarmed by
Continuing Anti-Jewish Danger
Move Likened to Truman's
'48 Recognition of Israel
BY MILTON FRI EDMAN
(Copyright, 1962, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON — State Department career officers
found President Kennedy's decision to provide Israel with
Hawk missiles reminiscent of the 1948 recognition of
Israel by President Truman in defiance of U.S. diplomats.
President Kennedy issued a direct order to Secretary
of State Dean Rusk after realizing that the Department
had for years evaded Israel's pleas for balancing arms as
the Arabs became well equipped with Soviet jet bombers
One evasive pretext after another was used by the
State Department. The Department claimed that Israel
was sufficiently strong, that America was not Israel's
traditional arms source, that an arms race must be
avoided, and even that Israel exaggerated its peril for
Career diplomat s remained as administrations
changed. Many were reconciled to Harry Truman's 1948
action. They felt America should pursue Arab favor,
even at the expense of Israel. The position papers that
went on the desks of the Secretaries of State and Pres-
idents since 1948 reflected this conviction.
President Kennedy, as a Senator, had clashed with
the State Department on Middle Eastern policy. On Nov.
2, 1960, Kennedy charged that American diplomacy in
the Arab-Israel situation reflected "too much rhetoric
and too little leadership." He told former Senator Herbert
H. Lehman that, if an arms race could not be avoided,
`then we should not condone any imbalance between the
powers for imbalance also leads to war."
. Continued on Page 5
BUENOS AIRES, (JTA)
A leading spokesman for Argentine Jewry expressed
alarm over efforts by the Argentine government to minimize the extent of the anti-Jewish
manifestations here because of their effer+, on public opinion abroad.
Dr. Isaac Goldenberg, president of DAIA,the central Argentine Jewish represent-
ative organization, told a press conference that the statement by Minister of the Interior
Alvaro Alsogaray that the government intended to repress the anti-Semitic manifesta-
tions was "encouraging." He warned, however, that as long as the government per-
mitted the formation and training of Nazi groups as assault troops, "there will exist the
danger of aggression against Jews even if this might not be called anti-Semitism."
Dr. Goldenberg advised the Argentine Jewish community that although it was well-
organized, it was imperfectly prepared for the abnormal times through which Latin
America is living. He noted that the anti-Semitic process was prolonged and the manifes-
tations would soon subside. The community,he said, had reacted to them emotionally,
rather than rationally and, under existing conditions, the community must not rest.
The government announced the appointment of Carlos Alberto Muzzio, a retired
Army colonel, as Chief of the Federal Police. Col. Muzzio, who was director of prisons,
succeeds Captain Enrique Horacio Green, who failed to halt anti-Jewish incidents.
New anti-Jewish incidents were reported as the government announcement was be-
ing made. The newspaper La Razon reported from Bahia Blanca that an unsuccessful
bomb attempt had been made at the Circulo Zionisa community center there. The
walls of the building were smeared with swastikas and anti-Jewish slogans.
President Jose Maria Guido of Argentina offered a New Year's greeting to the
Jewish community of Argentina in which he stressed that his country respected hu-
man dignity and barred social or religious discrimination.
President Guido's message was addressed to Dr. Goldenberg, as president of DAIA,
which, he said, represents "a communnity which has contributed, by its noble and te-
nacious effort, to the progress of the nation."
He said that "as President of a nation traditionally practicing respect for human
dignity and excluding any racial, social or religious discrimination, I send a cordial
greeting to the Jews of the Argentine in this celebration of the Jewish New Year."
Argentina's new Minister of the Interior, Alvaro Alsogaray, was challenged here by
the leading Yiddish newspaper in Latin America to "do something concrete • and def-
inite" not only to suppress but also to prevent anti-Semitic outbreaks in this country.
Sale of Missiles to Israel
Minimized by State Dept
As One-Time Transaction
JINT Lifts an Ancient Curse:
The first Jewish border vil-
lage on Mt. Gilboa in the Galilee will be be settled before the year's end, it was an-
nounced by Joseph Weitz, head of the Land Authority, at a meeting of the JNF board
of directors in Jerusalem. The site for the new settlement, chosen by the JNF in con-
sultation with the Army and the settlement authorities, is on a high ridge of the
mountain, renowned in Jewish history for the curse levelled upon it three thousand
years ago by King David. He admonished_ the region to remain forever barren following
the violent deaths there of Kink Saul and his son Jonathan. The Land Development Au-
thority, which operates within the framework of the Jewish National. Fund, has lifted
the royal curse by settling the barren slopes of Gilboa and reclaiming the arid soil in the
hitherto uninhabitable region. The first settlers, due to arrive in November, are members
of the Hapoel Hamizrachi youth movement. The new
village of Gilboa is the second
in the chain of new JNF border settlements, the first being Almagor, established last
year in the Korazim region, north of Lake Tiberias. The photo shows new immigrants
from Morocco clearing the site for the Gilboa village.
WASHINGTON, '(JTA)—The Department of
State is seeking to minimize the extent of the Amer-
ican response to Israel's defense needs, and has
informed the Arab states that the sale of Hawk
missiles to Israel is a one-time transaction and not
indicative of any continuing U. S. commitment to
Israeli military requirements.
United States diplomats, it was learned from
official sources, have told the Arabs that the de-
cision to provide Hawks to Israel was not recom-
mended by professional diplomats but was imposed
by higher authority. In order to dispel what the
State Department regards as a "misconception" of
the Hawk transaction, diplomats are stressing that
this is neither a change nor a reversal of long-stand-
In view of these diplomats, the U.S.A. intends
to continue to avoid becoming a supplier of sophis-
ticated weapons to Israel. The Hawk deal was
characterized as a single decision to meet a tempor-
ary need for an improved Israeli air defense.
It was in the meantime learned that the Hawk
agreement so far only represents an expression of
willingness to make such a sale. It is dependent on
negotiation of terms yet to be worked out.
Senate Republican leader Everett Dirksen, of
Illinois, and six other Republican Senators issued
a statement calling on the Administration to follow
Continued on Page 30