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September 14, 1962 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-09-14

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Captain Enrique Horacio Green,
the retired naval captain who
heads the Argentine Federal
police, completely exonerated
the Tacuara movement of anti-
Semitism, although many news-
papers and public personalities
in Argentina have maintained
that Tacuara leaders themselves
acknowledge their anti - Semi-
"There is no evidence to im-
plicate the Tacuara group in
any anti-Semitic event," Captain
Green maintained during a
press interview here. Asked
about the published report of
Tacuara anti-Semitism, he said
he held his opinion despite the
fact that others, who have free-
dom of expression, accuse Tac-
uara of admitted anti-Semitism.
Anti-Semitic manifestations
in Argentina he insisted, have
been "exaggerated" and ex-
ploited "by Communists who
try to prove that there is
r ac i a I persecution in this
country." Racism, he said, ex-
ists in Argentina "on a very
small scale" and is being prac-
ticed "by a small minority."
The police chief declared
that the execution of Adolf
Eichmann in Israel caused re-
actions "among some people
here, moved deeply by purely
nationalistic sentiments." The
"pride" of such people was
hurt, he held, resulting "in a
few anti-Semitic incidents." But
Tacuara had nothing to do with
such incidents, although "some"
of its members "may or may
not have participated," the po-
lice head said.
Shortly before the police
chief made his statement, the
operators of the Independents
Theater in downtown Buenos
Aires appealed for police pro-
tection against "Nazi hit and
run gangs." The appeal said the

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theater had been attacked five
times recently. At the most re-
cent attack, which took place on
Aug. 27, three young gunthen
wounded two actors. Police seiz-
ed the three youths in the first
attack since the recent spurt of
anti-Semitic incidents began last


Alberto Ezcurra, leader of
the youth section of the Tac-
uara movement, indicated that
he disagreed with the police
chief's view that the Tacuara
was not anti-Semitic. He said
that the Tacuara backs fully
the anti-Jewish views express-
ed by Father Julio Meivielle,
a Jesuit whom the Tacuara
considers its spokesman on
the Jewish question.
The Argentine Jesuit priest
has written a violently anti-
Semitic book "The Jew—A Mys-
tery of History." The book was
published in 1959 and is now in
its third edition. It has also
been issued abroad. While some
Catholics consider Father Meivi-
elle merely a fanatic, a promi-
nent Latin American Catholic
educator—Father Mario Pinto,
professor at the Catholic Uni-
versity of San Salvador—who is
currently visiting Buenos Aires,
said that his views "reflect the
doctrinal position of the Cath-
olic Church on the Jewish prob-
"He is hardly a fanatic,"
Father Pinto said. "He has dedi-
cated his life to philosophical
studies and correctly reflects
the Church's doctrinal position
on the Jewish problem. What
he says about the Jews in Ar-
gentina is only the application
of a general thesis."

The oldest Jewish cemetery
in Warsaw, Poland, which was
to have a strip carved out of it
for a main thoroughfare, has
been saved following a discus-
sion with the Polish Ambassa-
dor to the United States, the
American Jewish Committee
Jacob Blaustein, of Balti-
more, an honorary president of
the AJC, met with Polish Am-
bassador Edward Drozniak to
discuss the possible threat to
the cemetery. Also present at
the meeting were Prof. Tadeusz
Lychowski, Polish Plenipotenti-
ary for Economic Affairs, and
Dr. Simon Segal, director of the
AJC foreign affairs department.
According to a plan for re-
building Warsaw, a main thor
oughfare was to be directed
through the Gesia Street Jewish
Cemetery, which is the oldest
in the city and probably one of
the best known in Europe. It
has particular historical signifi-
cance since important scholars,
intellectuals and Jewish leaders
of the last two or three hundred
years are buried there.
On hearing of the plan, Jews


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30 Jews scheduled to leave
for the Jewish State on Sept.
20, the total of Jews from this
country leaving in 1962 for set-
tlement in I s r a el will have
reached 177 by the end of this
month, it was reported here.
Most of the Brazilians going to
Israel plan on joining various
pioneering enterprises.


Anti-Semitic Group Demonstrates
in Buenos Aires; 30 Are Arrested;
Show Link to Bombings in S. Africa


BUENOS AIRES, (JTA) — explosions at the Great Syna-
Thirty members of the Tacuara gogue in Johannesburg in Jan-
organization, which has been uary, 1961: the other was the
charged with a key role in the blasting of a bomb this year at
recent upsurge of anti-Semitic the Martyrs Monument at West
incidents in Argentina, w e r e Park cemetery.
Marais claimed that. in in-
held after mass arrests which
followed a demonstration in vestigating the cases, he had
found leaflets emanating from
downtown Buenos Aires.
The disturbances began when Buenos Aires, instructing mem-
1:000 members of the ultra- bers of the anti-Semitic group
nationalist group went to a . here about anti-Semitism and
cemetery to pay homage to a about the use of explosives.
19th-century leader. The dem-
onstration w a s unauthorized JNF World President
and police ordered them to dis-
perse. The youths responded by Arrives in Argentina
tossing stones at the police and
later making a run through Yaakov Tsur, world president of
downtown streets during which the Jewish National Fund ar-
they scrawled swastikas and rived here on the last leg of a
anti-Jewish slogans on walls. tour of South American coun-
More than 85 of them were tries to discuss cultural ex-
arrested in the melee, the changes between Israeli a n d
police later releasing 55 of the Latin American students and
* * *
Tsur, who formerly was Is-
rael's Ambassador in Argentina,
A charge that an anti-Semitic met with Dr. Miguel Ussini, Ar-
organization comprising immi- gentine Minister of Education,
grants who are allegedly "af- and later disclosed that plans
filiated and controlled by the were being formulated to estab-
Argentine Tacuara" movement lish a chair of Latin American
was made here by a former literature at the Hebrew Univer-
police detective, Aubrey Marais, sity in Jerusalem.
Other visitors who arrived in
who has resigned from the po-
lice department to become a Argentina were Sir David D'-
security officer for a private Avigdor Goldsmid of London,
president of the board of the
Marais declared, in an inter- Jewish Colonization Association
view in the Johannesburg press, and Victor Girmounsky, general
that he believed members of manager of the JCA, who came
this* organization • were responsi- here to study the situation in
ble for at least two anti-Semitic the Jewish settlements assisted
outrages. One was a series of by the Association.



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throughout the world, particu- completely revised, and the new
larly those who had lived in plan will not involve the ceme-
Poland, directed protests to the tery in any way.
Polish government since many
of them have relatives and an-
cestors buried in the Gesia
Street Cemetery.
Ambassador Drozniak stressed
to Blaustein that while the orig-
inal rehabilitation plan for War-
saw called for a strip of the
cemetery to be used as a major
thoroughfare, there had never
been any intention to destroy
the cemetery entirely. The Am-
bassador pointed out that in
view of the interventions made,
he authorized Blaustein to state
that the original plan for re-
habilitating Warsaw will be ADVERTISING ART

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AJC Persuades Warsaw Not to Build Highway through Cemetery

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Argentine Police Chief Defends
Fascist Movement Incited by Priest


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