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September 14, 1962 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-09-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Al gerian Authorities to Confiscate

Syrian Gunners Fire on Israeli
Field Workers 2 Days in a Row

Property of Jews Who Left Country

ALGIERS, (JTA) — The Of-
ficial Gazette, here published an
ordinance giving local Algerian
officials the authority to reopen
commercial businesses, industrial
plants, "and all other economic
enterprises" which have been
closed due to the departure of
the owners.
The local authorities are given
the right to appoint temporary
administrators for the "aban-
doned" businesses.
Another decree gives the local
authorities the right to requisi-
tion apartments and other resi-
dences vacant for two months.
Still a further government order
announced that persons wishing
to emigrate from Algeria must
receive official permission to
leave.

PARIS, (JTA) — The de-
cree issued in Algeria concern-
ing the reopening of business
enterprises left by Jews and
Europeans who emigrated
from the country may consti-
tute the first step toward ex-
propriation of the property of
Jewish refugees from Algeria
now in France, it was feared
here.

the shops and plants belonging
to Europeans.
The difficult situation of Al-
gerian refugees was dramatized
here by repeated attempts of a
Jewish refugee to commit sui-
cide. Fernard Shetrit; a former
bus conductor in Algeria who
arrived in France two months
ago, jumped from the fifth floor
balcony of the Public Bus Com-
pany office in Paris where he
had vainly been seeking employ-
ment.
Falling unhurt to the fourth
floor, the 52-year-old refugee im-
mediately made a second suicide
jump, falling three floors and
injuring himself seriously. He
was taken to a hospital where
he said he would try again to
kill himself.

* * *
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

GENEVA — There are only
10,000 Jews left in Algeria, out
of an estimated 135,000 who
lived there prior to the Evian
Agreement by which France
recognized Algeria's independ-
ence, according to a report re-
ceived here Tuesday at the
European headquarters of the
American-Jewish Joint Distri-
bution Committee.

Reliable reports reaching Paris
Of the 10,000 Jews still in Al-
during the weekend have indi-
cated that stores left in Algiers geria, more than 1,600 are being
by Jewish refugees now in aided by the JJDC welfare pro-
France have already been re- gram, the report said. Virtually
opened by Moslems presenting
themselves as "temporary ad-
ministrators," even before the de-
cree was issued. The reports
(Copyright, 1962, Jewish
stressed that the Algerian au-
Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
thorities were ignoring the one- By RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
month deadline they had fixed
Why do people place their
for the return of owners of such
hand on the Mezuzah and
businesses before taking over then
kiss their hand when

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to
The Jewish News)

all the Algerian Jews on the
relief rolls are aged or infirmed,
the majority of them aged 65
or over.
"Providing relief for this
group," the report stated, "really
makes the difference between
living and dying, between eating
and not eating."

TEL AVIV — Syrian gunners
fired Wednesday for the second
day in a row against Israeli work-
ers in the Tel Katzir area south-
east of Lake Tiberias.
No casualties were reported
but a number of houses in Tel
Katzir and nearby Haon were hit.

The report declared that a
start has been made on reor-
ganizing Algerian-Jewish com-
munity structure has been set
up in Algiers, which now con-
tains about 4,000 Jews. At
Oran, where there are now
about 1,500 Jews, and at Bone,
where 600 are still in resi-
dence, the beginning of reor-
ganized communities have also
been established thus far, the
report showed.

Moroccan Jews Face
Passport Difficulties'
CASABLANCA, (JTA)—David
Amar, president of the Federa-
tion of Jewish Communities in
Morocco, met with Interior Min-
ister Dr. Boutaleb to discuss the
renewal of difficulties experi-
enced by Moroccan Jews in ob-
taining passports. The Jewish
leader asked the Moroccan Min-
ister for re-establishment of free-
dom of movement for Moroccan
Jews.

,

The same is true, the report
stated, of the small Jewish com-
munities still existing in Con-
stantine, Telemcen, Setif and
other places in the country.
In each town, the freshly re-
organized Jewish community life
centers now around the syna-
gogues.
The JDC reported that, in each
town, the problem involves not
only the revival of the remains
of the Jewish communities but
also the care of some aged
people who had been abandoned
and needed immediate shelter.

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not to be defiled or soiled and
so as to be shrouded with rev-
erence. The Mezuzah, being a
miniature scroll is afforded the
same reverence. The sheath
into which the Mezuzah is
passing through a doorway
placed thus has a practical pur-
which has a Mezuzah?
pose as well as a solemn motive.
The "Maharil" is quoted as
* * *
advising one to put one's hand
Why
is
it a tradition to
on the Mezuzah as he leaves the
house and to ask for Divine pro- read the "E t h i c s of the
tection and guidance. The prac- Fathers" on Saturday after-
tice of then kissing the hand is noons during the summer?
traced to the famous Kabbalist
Moralists like to say that this
Isaac Duris. As to the reason practice
was instituted because
for this practice, many claim of the fact
the summer
this to be a manifestation of months bring that
added temptations
devotion to the Mitzvah of hav- to humans and
the required
ing a Mezuzah. Others claim
of the Ethics of the
-that this practice makes us reading
would remind one of
mindful of the presence of the Fathers
Mezuzah and thus to its mo- his ethical and moral responsi-
tives, thus instilling us with bilities. Some claim that it is
confidence as well as awareness a prolonged matter of prepara-
of the Presence of the tion for the High Holidays to
come, helping man avoid exces-
Almighty.
sive desires. Many historical
* * *
,Why is the Mezuzah (the writers claim that it was once
actually a custom to read the
written scroll of parchment)
"Ethics of the Fathers" all year
placed in a container?
This practice is traced back round and that this practice
at least to the Gaonic period. remained only during the sum-
The tradition behind this prac- mer months because during the
tice is linked to the care given winter months the Saturday
to the holy scroll of the Torah afternoon was very short and
which is not left uncovered but this was insufficient time. The
is draped with a covering so as original reason for its inclusion
was simply the fact that the
subject matter was light and
did not require intense concen-
tration like other parts of the
Talmudic literature. This there-
fore made for pleasant reading.
It is also claimed that the read-
ing of Ethics of the Fathers
was used as a substitute for"
deep Talmudic learning in the
late Sabbath afternoon, since
the latter was prohibited be-
cause a partial state of mourn-
ing enters at that time because
Moses and David were said to
have passed away at that time.
A mourner, while he may not
engage in deep study texts, may
study light moral teachings.

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The Syrians stopped shooting
after about an hour. Tractor
drivers then resumed work in
fields beneath the Syrian gun
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Israel lodged a protest with
the Mixed Armistice Commission
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