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September 07, 1962 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-09-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, September '7, 1962

Detroiter is Co-Author of Book
on 'Federal Interest in Education'

Dr. Robert M. Rosenzweig, published by McGraw Hill Book.

son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis
Rosenzweig of 18246 Appoline,
is the co-author, with Dr. Homer
D. Babridge Jr., of a • volume
analyzing the government's role
in education, in a widely ac-
claimed book, "The Federal
Interest in Higher Education,"

Supreme Court
Precedents

Continued from Page 1
justified and upheld the con-
stitutionality of the Subversive
Activities Control Act.
Frankfurter did not issue an
opinion on the recent school
prayer decision. There has been
speculation, because of his phil-
osophical leadership of the
Court's conservative Wing, over
what he would have decided.

In retirement, Frankfurter
can recall an accolade from
the great Federal Judge
Learned Hand. Shortly before
his recent death, Judge Hand
said he regarded Frankfurter
"as the most important single
figure in our whole judicial
systems."
Frankfurter would also go

down in hist6ry for his power-
ful stand as a key figure • in the
1954 ruling that racial segrega-
tion in the schools violated the
Constitution.
The appointment of Goldberg
comes at a time when the Su-
preme Court has emerged as
the most dynamic force in our
national life. The Court has be-
come a catalytic factor for prog-
ress and change.
Goldberg's service as Secre-
tary of Labor drew national
recognition and praise. Nothing
pleases him more than a chance
to delve into unfamiliar ground.
When a strike threatened to
cancel the Metropolitan Opera
season, Goldberg arbitrated the
complexity of issues. He
emerged not only with a settle-
ment but with a plan for Fed-
eral encouragement of the arts.

Goldberg has a progressive
social outlook that rests on
his sympathy for the poor and
oppressed. The youngest of
eight children of immigrant
Russian Jews, he went to work
as a delivery boy at the age
of 12. He worked his way
through school with honors.

His political work on behalf
of Roosevelt in 1936 brought
him into contact with labor
leaders and he became a lawyer
for various unions. In World
War Two he worked in the Of-
fice of Strategic Services, or-
ganizing anti-Nazi European
transportation workers behind
enemy lines into a vast intel-
ligence network.
Later, as counsel for the CIO,
he devised an effective formula
to expel Communist-dominated
unions from the CIO. He also
played a leading role in the
merger of the CIO with the
AFL.
In his term as Labor Secre-
tary, and previously, he actively
promoted broader economic op-
portunities for Negroes.
At the age of 54, Goldberg
had become the most effective
member of the Cabinet. There
was surprise after the Supreme
Court appointment was an-
nounced, however. This was not
because of any doubt of his
merit but that the President
was willing to sacrifice him
from his Cabinet post.

In any event, another bril-
liant attorney of Jewish faith,
the fourth in history, will serve
on the Supreme Court. The ap-

pointment was in the Roosevelt

tradition.

Co.
The thorough study made by
the two authors delves into the
background of Federal interest
in education, probes "the pos-
ture of higher education" and
discusses issues relating to the
church-state c o n f l i c t s and
segregation.
Recalling the recommenda-
tion made by Thomas Jefferson,
in 1806, that higher education
should be placed "among the
articles of public care," Ba-
bridge and Rosenzweig review
the developments that led to
current conditions of govern-
mental interest in education
and describe the changes in
Federal interest in the subject.

Their conclusions are that
previously narrowly conceived
programs will become more
general; that Federal pro-
grams will become more gen-
eral; that Federal programs
will continue to broaden in
their coverage of institutions
and that the focus of atten-
tion will be widened from
graduate schools to embrace
undergraduate education as
well; and that "we shall see
shortly a program of assist-
ance to colleges and univer-
sities in their capacity as insti-
tutions rather than as sur-
veyors of needed services."
"What is needed from the

Disclose Argentina Thwarted Attempts to Extradite Mengele

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

RIO DE JANEIRO—The Ar-
gentine government deliberate-
ly frustrated three years ago
the efforts of West German au-
thorities to obtain the extradi-
tion of Dr. Joseph Mengele,
notorious Nazi "selection" offi-

Jesuit Journal's
Attack Refuted

Continued from Page 1
Terming this "a very
strange piece of advice," the
Committee stresses "the right
of every American group to
express its viewpoint and
press its position through the
impartial judicial process
which our democratic state
has established for such pur-
poses." The Committee points
out that this is not a matter
for "bargaining," and that
Catholics have never con-
sidered it so themselves in
"pressing their views" in the
legislatures and the courts.

The Committee recalls that
during the 19th and the first
quarter of the 20th century,
Catholics conducted an inten-
sive campaign against the read-
ing of the King James version
of the Bible in the public
schools, undeterred by the pos-
s i b i l i t y of anti-Catholicism
which their actions might in-
voke, and without regard for
Government," they state, "is a whether victory would produce
point of view toward higher "a harvest of fear and mis-
education that includes an end trust" which America has pre-
to the notion that institutions dicted for Jews. The statement
of higher learning are self- l adds: "For America to take the
regulating, self-feeding produc- tone of an aggrieved majority
tion machines that can be called ! admonishing an imprudent min-
on indiscriminately to produce ority suggests a double standard
goods and services without dam- of judgment."
age to the mechanism."
The Committee called upon
Forms of organizations lead- responsible groups and civic
ing towards more effective gov- organizations to observe "the
ernment aid are outlined by I ground rules of debate which
the two authors.
strictly confine discussion to
"We are likely, they state, the merits of the issue," and
to see growing contention over 'stresses the importance of
the application of Church-State
1 "promptly and vigorously re-
relations, Federal control and
pudiating
segregation to higher educa- pudiatmg any appeals to pre-
judice."
tion," and also to see "further
A major point made by the
small steps toward broader
programs of Federal action." AJC statement is that the Amer-
They add: "It is in conflicts ica editorial exaggerated and
such as these that the mettle distorted the role of Jews and
of a political system is tested." their influence in affecting the
Dr. Rosenzweig, who received secularization of American life.
his Ph.D. at Yale, won a con- The Committee statement em-
gressional Fellowship from the I phasized that Jews "religious
American Political- Science As- and secular together numbered
sociation and served on the less than 3 per cent of the total
staff of the then Senator John U.S. population" and that more
F. Kennedy. He has just been ► than a third of the total U.S.
appointed Associate Dean of population are Christians with-
the Stanford Graduate School at ; out church affiliation. "Given
Palo Alto, Calif., and will as- these statistics," the Commit-
sume his duties there this I tee statement said, "would the
problem of secularism within
month.
the Christian community be
solved even if the 'militant'
Jewish Leaders
Jewish organizations were to
abandon their position on the
In Morocco Protest
First Amendment?"
Minister's Statement
Of the tendency to exagger-
CASABLANCA, (JTA) — Dr. ate and distort responsibility of
Leon Benzaquen, h on or ar y Jews, the Committee states:
president of the Federation of
"It has not been uncommon
Jewish Communities in Moroc- in history for Christians to as-
co, and David Amar, president sign to Jews a symbolic role
of the Federation, sharply pro- which is unrelated to their real
tested the recent statement by influence and which allows
Allal El Fassi, president of the them to become a scapegoat
Istiqlal party and Minister of for the problems of others. A
State in charge of Islamic Af- singular service would be ren-
fairs, that the Jews in Morocco dered by the editors of Amer-
were not regarded as Moroccans ica were they to make it clear
but as residents enjoying Moroc- to their readers that anti-Sem-
can protection.
itism has traditionally fed on
Writing in the Jewish com- this tendency to exaggerate the
munal organ "Voice of the Com- influence of Jews."
munity," Benzaquen, a former
The Committee took strong
Moroccan cabinet minister, said issue with the fact that the
that El Fassi's statement had America editorial warned Jews
disturbed the Moroccan Jewish about the danger of heightened
population. He demanded that anti-Semitism rather than tak-
the Federation bring action ing the necessary step of de-
against El Fassi for undermin- nouncing "the intrusion of reli-
ing the morale of the Jewish gious bigotry into the arena of
•community.
-public debate."

.

VE ewish National Fun

cial at Auschwitz, according to
an article printed here Wednes-
day by 0 Globo, an influential
Brazilian newspaper.
A correspondent for 0 Globo
now touring West Germany
quoted a statement blaming
Argentina made by Hans Gross-
mann, assistant prosecutor at
Frankfurt. Grossman told the
0 Globo man that in 1959 West
Germany quietly appealed to
the Argentine government for
the arrest of Mengele.
Germany furnished to Argen-
tina the exact street address of
Mengele's home. Mengele was
living then under his own name
at 1875 Calle Samiento, Buenos
Aires.
Instead- of arresting Mengele,
Grossmann was quoted as say-
ing, the Argentine Minister of
the Interior called a press con-
ference at which he announced
publicly that Mengele was not

in

Argentina.
Subsequently,
Mengele did disappear.
"We were astounded by this
action on the part of Argentina
in the very middle of our quiet
negotiations for Mengele's ap-
prehension," Grossmann told the
B r a zi 1 i a n correspondent at
Frankfurt.

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