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February 23, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-02-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Moscow Asked to Repeal Sentences of Vilna Jews

LONDON, (JTA) — The Board of Deputies of British Jews issued a "solemn of alleged currency offenses. The Board's appeal requested not only the remission
appeal" to the supreme authorities of the USSR for the remission of the death . of the .death sentences but also "a reversal generally of the present harsh and
sentences imposed by a Soviet court in Vilna upon four Lithuanian Jews convicted discriminatory. action against Jews in the USSR."

HE JEWISH

The Myth

of the

'Wandering

L=3

Jew'

Review on
Page 32

Vol. XL, No. 26

-1- R0 IT

A Weekly Review

Rutenberg
Saga

MICHIGAN

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

100% Union Shop

17100

Biblical
Influences
on English
Language

Commentary
Page 2

W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Feb. 23, 1962 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy

15c

Tunisian Jews Flock to France;
Constantine Jewry Reduced to a
Third; Seven Killed in Algeria

March 22 Set
for Eichinann
Appeal Hearing

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The. Jewish News

_JERUSALEM — The Supreme
Court announced Tuesday it
would begin hearings on March
22 on the appeal by former Nazi
Colonel Adolf Eichmann from
his sentence of death by hang-
ing. The Nazi was convicted of
a key role in the Nazi wartime
slaughter of 6,000,000 European
Jewish men, women and chil-
dren.
The appeal hearings are ex-
pected to last five days. The Ap-
peals Court justices have been
named by Supreme Court Presi-
dent Justice Olshan and details
on its membership are expected
to be published about two weeks
before the hearings begin.

The Supreme Court has received a
detailed appeal statement from Dr.
Robert Servatius, the West German
attorney who is serving as Eichmann's
chief counsel. Dr. Servatius sent the
statement from his office in Cologne.

PARIS, (JTA) — Two-thirds of all the Jewish residents in the Algerian city of Constantine — where
Jewish families have been residing for generations — left the city during 1961, according to the results
of the survey published in Le Monde, leading French newspaper:
The survey established that of the 18,000 Jews who lived in Constantine for many years, there are
less than 8,000 left today. This, the French newspaper .commented, _reflects the widespread doubts among -
Algerian Jews in the pledges of the Moslem FLN independence movement about their status in ari hide-
pendent Algeria.
The overall prospects for Algerian Jews "will probably depend less on international agreements than
on the psychological climate which will prevail between them and the country's Moslem majority after
independence," Le Monde reported. The newspaper noted that the FLN has always officially rejected any
form of racism and anti-Semitism and that it has repeatedly warned Algerian Moslems against committing
anti-Jewish acts.
The influx of Tunisian Jewish immigrants into France has increased during the last few days, it was
revealed here this week. The refugees, most of them arriving at Marseilles, are brought here and taken
in charge by the local Jewish Welfare Fund, the Fonds-Social Juif Unifie, to which the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee grants considerable support.
The majority of the Jews arrive with only one dinar ($2) in their possession — the maximum amount
of money they are allowed to take with them. They are being aided with cash relief for their immediate
food and housing needs, financial help to adolescents without families, scholarships for students, and the
services of an information bureau both here and at Marseilles.
Seven Jews Killed in Continuing French-Moslem Fighting
ALGIERS, (JTA) — Seven Jews were killed in the murderous French-Moslem :fighting in Algeria
last week. Three of the Jewish victims were killed in Algiers, three in Oran and one iri Bone
A Jew in Oran, Albert Levy, a cafe owner, was sentenced by French authorities to five. years' 'im-
prisonment for selling grenades and guns to Moslem underground rebels. He said he had done so under
threats by Moslem terrorists against him and his family.
While relations between the Jews and the Moslems seemed to have reached a new peak of crisis, the
FLN "Government" in Tunis again launched an appeal for "intercommunal understanding and peace."
In a communique released by the FLN-controlled Algeria Press Service, the Algerian independence move-
ment pledged itself again to respect the rights of the European minority in an independent Algeria.
"The provisional Government of the Algerian Republic is prepared to guarantee them these rights,"
the communique stated. "Europeans are faced with the choice of either cooperating with us or choosing
the fascist adventure. Every European must now assume his responsibility."

U. of Chicago Study Shows German
Textbooks Distort Nazi Atrocities;
A
Revival of Nazism Noted in Austria

CHICAGO, (JTA)—High school textbooks in both West Germany and East
Germany distort the history of the Nazi atrocities against Jews, according to a
study by Prof. Mark M. Krug, of the University of Chicago's history department,
released here in the School Review, a quarterly published by the University of
Chicago Press.
Dr. Krug studied and evaluated eight leading high school texts, four from each
of' the two Germanys, published during the last three years. He found that the
"Germans, East and West, have failed to comprehend the magnitude of their
collective guilt" for the happenings under the Hitler regime. The textbooks on
both sides of the Iron Curtain, he reported, stress that "the majority of Germans
knew nothing or next to nothing about these crimes."
In West Germany, he declared, the murder of 6,000,000 Jews by the Nazis is
"treated in- a detached and restrained manner." In East Germany, the murder of
6,000,000 "people" is reported, and these "people" are not identified as Jews
but as Poles or "anti-fascists." Two of the West German texts, he found, cut down
the number of persons murdered by the Nazis to four and a half million, reporting
persecutions of Catholics and Protestants but glossing over the massacres of Jews.
On both sides, the educator found, the Nuremberg trials of war criminals are
condemned. In West Germany, the trials are called "illegal." Calling for revision
of the text books, especially in West Germany, Dr. Krug holds that the history
books 'continue to show "a traditional line of nationalistic distortion which is
clearly at variance with the views of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and many
other West German leaders and scholars."

Eshkol Assures Retention of Israel's
Living Standard Under Devaluation

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM—Finance Minister Levi Eshkol, winding up a debate in
Parliament on the government's new economic policy, said Monday night that
some commodities would be entirely exempted from import licenses.
He also reported that a free market would be maintained not only for
Israelis receiving restitution payments from West Germany but also for Israeli
residents generally. He said, however, that Israelis will not be allowed to transfer
such funds from the country. He also said that henceforth blocked accounts of
non-residents will be abolished and holders may sell their accounts in the free
foreign security market.
Replying to critics who charged that the three Israeli pounds to the dollar
rate was too low, the Finance Minister said that a higher rate of exchange
would have involved the danger of a too rapid influx of conversions of foreign
currency into the Israeli economy. This, he asserted, would have forced a general
price rise.

He predicted that the Israeli standard of living would not be lowered by
the devaluation and he expressed the hope that the devaluation would slow down
the upward trend in prices which for the past five or six years had averaged
a five to six per cent increase annialty::*ei.admitted the government had made
a "psychological error" in raising the piriWili'flieffh - (01000- this was rectified
by restoration of the pre-devaluation price.

Mortgagees owing loans on apartment buildings or low-cost'lloiusing are to
be given several choices for relief, including conversion of the dollar-link to
the cost-of-living index linked retroactively to the date of issuance of the loan,
Austrian Minister Sounds Warning of Nazi Revival or three months' grace to repay existing mortgages fully or partly at the
VIENNA, (JTA) — The Nazi ideology is not only not dead in Austria but pre-devaluation rate, or time extension for repayment of the mortgages at the
has shown an unexpected revival, Interior minister Josef Afritsch told a meeting. new rate. Additionally, mortgagees would be given an extra one-third period in
-__ of Socialist students in Graz Sunday. So far, in recent 'months, 130 perws „R
to repay thei.K indebtedness, so that a mortgage repayable in six years
Rost o
t1140 entiL.elght years.
of them youngsters, have been arrested and punished for swastika sme00'I
T.
distribution of Nazi pamphlets, he said.
David Horowitz, Governor of the State Bank of Israel, was reported to have
He added that such experiences called for a warning against understanding suggested that the government issue short-term, cost-of-living, index-linked
(Continued on Page 6)
or minimizing the serioVsopess of such incidents.

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