THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, February 16, 1962 — 38
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Adds Gifts for
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
JERUSALEM -- The Edmond
James de Rothschild memorial
group, which has already given
6,000,000 Israel pounds for the
construction of a new building
for the Knesset, Israel's Parlia-
ment, has contributed an addi-
tional 1,700,000 pounds for the
same purpose, it was announced
in_ the Parliament Wednesday by
Kaddish Luz, Knesset Speaker.
Luz, who was notified of the new
bequest by Mrs. Dorothy de
Rothschild, expressed the grati-
tude of the Knesset for the gift.
6 Ex-Nazis Jailed
in Berlin for Murder
of 11,000 Jews
WEST BERLIN (JTA) — Six
former Nazis are under arrest
on charges of have parctiipated
in the murder of 11,000 Jews
in Soviet areas occupied by the
German Army, during July and
October 1941, it was announced
by the Berlin State prosecutor.
All but one of the six have
confesed, the prosecutor's office
stated. Among those who have
confessed is Dr. Alfred Filbert,
the man charged with having
commanded the einsatzcommando
which committed the mass mur-
ders. The others are Gerhard
Schneider, Wilhelm _ Greiven-
berger, Konrad Fiebig and Hein-
The sixth defendant, Bodo
Struck, has denied complicity in
the murders. The trials for all
six are expected to start next
The State prosecutor in Mun-
ster demanded nine-year prison
sentences for two former SS phy-
sicians charged with complicity
in the murder of 98 camp in-
mates at the Sachsenhausen con-
centration camp. The men,
charged in the Munster Jury
Court with having committed the
crimes during the Nazi regime,
are Dr. Heinz Baumkoetter and
Dr. Alois Gaberle.
Havdalah Spice Box
The spice box used in the
Havdalah service is believed to
have been introduced by Eph-
raim Ben Isaac of Regensburg,
a 12th century Talmudic schol-
ar and liturgical poet.
4A1 ark of Cain'
By SAUL KLEIMAN
Tyidatvnyune Chartered by Zim Euthanasia, 'Evil
Israel's Scientific Endeavors,
Eye,' Features in
The current discussions are
whether Eichman should be ex-
ecuted and ("buried with the
The current issue of the semi-
burial of an ass") or let him live
annual Hebrew Medical Jour-
and wear "The Mark of Cain."
nal, edited by Dr. Moses Ein-
While the story of Cain, the
horn, of New York, contains
first murderer in human his-.
contributions to medical his-
tory, in Hebrew and English.
tory, is recorded in the Bible
and is more or less known, the
In commemoration of the
Talmudic and Midrashic inter-
100th birthday anniversary of
pretations and amplifications- of
Dr, Julius Preuss, foremost au-
that bloody episode are not. A
thority on the history of Bibli-
brief review of these will give
cal and Talmudical medicine,
the reader a better understand-
the current issue presents a re-
ing of the relation of "The Dawn-Yun) berthed at Israel's Red Sea Port of Elat from view of his life-time work "The
Mark of Cain" to the Eichmann which she will sail monthly to Dar es Salaam, Tanganyika. Biblical Talmudical Encyclope-
ease and is, therefore, quite The ship is under charter to the Zim Navigation Co: Ltd., of dia.", The author of the review,
pertinent and timely. Hence this Haifa and has air conditioned accommodations for 60 pas- Dr. Hirsch Loeb Gordon, dis-
cusses the voluminous master-
The two brothers Cain and
work, published 50 years ago,
Abel divided the country be-
in the light of present-day sem-
tween themselves; the former Rare Manuscripts from Hungary
itic philology and medical pro-
took possession of the land and
gress and examines its role as a
the latter of the live-stock. Cain Received by Library of NYU
powerful fountain for those
became a tiller of the soil and
who study ancient medical sci-
A major shipment of rare (12th-century
Abel a keeper of sheep. Abel
A lexicon of the Talmud and ence.
was a good man and friendly manuscripts on microfilm was Midrash aphabetically arranged and
dating from the year 1582 by the
Another striking feature is a
to his brother, Nit Cain was received by the Library of Italian
Rabbi Joab ben Isak Gajlico.
selfiSh and unfriendly. He se- Judaica and Hebraica at New Documents pertaining to Solomon comprehensive survey by Dr.
(1500-1532), Portuguese Menachem M. Brayer of contri-
cured his pleasures even when York University from the Molcho
pseudo-Messiah who was burned in butions to medicine and related
his neighbors suffered injury Oriental Library of the Hun- the Inquisition at Mantua.
Maimonides' "Guide to the Per- sciences by Jewish physicians
garian Academy of Sciences.
plexed," an illuminated philosophi- in Romania.
The new material brings to cal treatise.
One day a sheep belonging
manuscript about the plague
An exhaustive treatise by
to Abel trampled over the field more than 15,000 the number in A Italy
in 1630 by Moses ben Abra-
Dr. Benjamin L. Gordon, en-
that had been • planted by Cain. of valuable historical docu- ham
In rage he called out: "What ments on microfilm acquired in ben David KaKohen, written in titled "The Evil Eye" re-
views a fascinating pheno-
right have you to live upon my Russia and Hungary for the Hebrew in 1578.
and melodies of the Jews
menon as it persisted through-
land and let your sheep pas- NYU library by Prof. Abraham of Poetry
ture yonder?" "And what right L Katsch, curator of the library. Astronomical tables and calendars out the ages and throughout
the world. The author dis-
have you," Abel retorted, to These items have not previ- in Several
Hebrew works of Solomon
use the products of my sheep ously been available to scholars ben Adret, a rabbi and leader of cusses the various beliefs in
Spanish Jewry. He lived from 1235
to make garments for yourself in the Western World.
the bewitching power of the
from their wool?" This infuri-
The microfilm received from A work in Hebrew and Arabic evil eye and demonstrates
with amulets, mystical
ated Cain and he threw him- Budapest contained the second dealing
that no religion or code of
self on his brother. Abel was half of the David Kaufmann remedies,
Since 1956, Prof. Katsch, who laws has ever been able to
the stronger and Cain would collection. The first half ar-
.heads NYU's Department eradicate this . superstition
have gotten the worst of it, but rived at NYU last July. David also
of Hebrew Culture and Educa- from the human mind. Nu._
at the last moment he begged Kaufman was a profeSsor at tion, has made several trips to merous passages in the Old
for mercy, and gentle Abel re- the Jewish Theological Semi- Russia and Hungary. He has Testament condemn the prac- _
leased his hold upon him.
nary of Hungary and a world- arranged for the microfilming tice of the evil eye. The belief
Cain's- hostility towards Abel famous scholar of Jewish his- of rare Hebraica and Judaica Was universal in the Middle
continued and culminated in tory, culture, and religious on trips financed by the Rocke- Ages. Epidemics such as the
extreme tragedy. It happened philosophy. He lived from 1852 feller Foundation and the black death, smallpox, chol-
American Council of Learned era and other contagious dis-
The collection includes manu- Societies.
At the instance of their par-
eases were ascribed to the
ents they brolight sacrifices to scripts pertaining to the Bible, The microfilmed manuscripts evil eye.
God. Abel selected the best of codices, commentaries on He- are now housed in the Library
History and pre-history of
his flocks for his offering, but brew literature; documents re- 'of Judaica and Hebraica at New antibiosis is the topic of discus-
Cain ate his meal first and after lating to Talmudic scholarship York University's Washington sion 133- 7.Prof. Z. Muntner of .the
he had satisfied his appetite and religious laws; works on Square Center. Some 60 West- Hebrew University in his sur-
he offered what was left over, a liturgy, mathematics, astron- ern scholars are now using the vey on this subject.
few grains of flax seed. No won- omy, medicine, theology, and manuscripts in the NYU col-
Rabbi Immanuel Jakobovits
der that while the Lord had philosophy; -and historical ar- lection.
presents a scholarly essay en-
respect for Abel and his sacri- ticles. Some date as far back
fice, He had no respect for Cain as the year 1021. While most Ask Clemency for Boy titled "The Dying and Their
Treatment in Jewish Law." The
and his offering. This angered of the material is in Hebrew,
Cain very much. One day when some is in Arabic, Aramaic, Under Death Sentence author points out that the term
they were in the field, Cain rose Judeo-Arabic, or Italian.
The United Synagogue of "euthanasia" to denote the "ac-
up against Abel and slew, him.
Among the items just re- Atherica urged Governor Nel- tion of inducing gentle and easy
The manner of the latter's ceived by NYU are the follow- son A. Rockefeller to spare the death" is by no means the in-
death was the • most cruel con- ing;
life of 18-year-old Salvatore novation of modern times. Jew-
ceivable. Not knowing what in- Many documents on the ds Responsa
Agron, now under sentence' of ish Law is sternly opposed to
jury was fatal, Cain pelted all t l iutreyrartuaglinofearaul6hurNe
death for the playground kill- the praCtice of euthanasia. Juda-
parts of his victim's body with some in Italian, but most in He- ing of two boys in 1959.
ism urges that every precaution
stones, until one struck him brew.
In a telegram signed by be taken to ensure that the pa-
Liturgical ,c manuscripts and un-
on the neck and caused ,death. published poems by leading "Hebrew Rabbi Harry Halpern of Brook- tient's last preparation for
in Spainin the 11th
After committing the murder poets
lyn, chairman of the United death shall not aggravate his
he resolved to flee. Suddenly Some 80 letters written by people Synagogue's commission on condition or compromise his
East anvddIntaly. ndsurciii ntgs
he heard . God's voice: "Where hrileth:thrdilde dlf A iej ges
social action, the organization will or ability to live. The rab-
is Abel thy brother?" Trem- into writing
correspond- reiterated its recorded stand bis, following a biblical prece-
bling he replied: "I know not.
Documents and fragments of against capital punishment and dent, insisted on maintaining
Am I my brother's keeper?" prayer
books of the followers of urged that in Agron's case the patient's hopefulness not
Then the Lord said: "What Shabbetai
sh. "morality is upheld by prag- merely by the negative expedi-
whAo lived from 164
have you done? The voice of
matic considerations." The tele- ent of withholding from him
your brother's blood and the neh Torah (code of Talmudic laws) gram quoted District Attorney information on his imminent
blood of his descendants of end- author's commentaries and responsa. Frank S. Hogan's view that he death, but also by positive •
less generations cries unto me The work is illuminated and dates doubted "if Salvatore Agron meaSures to sustain his confi-
from the ground! Cursed be you from
A books of customs, laws, and could have been deterred from
from the earth which has decisions by Italian Kabbalists this murder if another youth dence
"Judaism on. Suicide" is the
opened her mouth to receive
had been put to death for 'a
your brother's blood from your a warning to sinners to abandon similar murder." Hogan joined topic of discussion by Rabbi H.
hand! When you _till the soil their intended evil acts.
appeals addressed to the gover-
An interesting report on the
it shall not henceforth yield
Cain went out from the pres- nor to spare Agron's life.
religious problems of autopsies
her strength unto you! A fugi- ence. of the Lord, and wherever
in New York Jewish hospitals
tive and a wandered shall you
ent the earth quaked under Mayor Wagner Resigns is presented by Rabbi Imman-
be on earth!"
him. All the _ animals, the wild
And Cain said unto the Lord: and the tame, among them the from N.Y. Athletic Club uel Jakobovits.
NEW YORK (JTA)—Mayor
"My sin is greater than it could accursed serpent, when they
be forgiven and my punishment saw the mark on his face, Robert F. Wagner ,disclosed he Shrinks Hemorrhoids
greater than I can -bear! Behold grunted, growled and snarled. had resigned from the New York
Thou hast driven me out this They' gathered together and de- Athletic Club because he had
day from the face of the land cided to- tear him to pieces in heard allegations that the club
and I shall be a fugitive and a order to avenge the innocent discriminated against 'Jews and
e science has
wanderer; and whatever finds blood of Abel, but when they Negroes in admission policies.
substance with t
John Condon, public relations tonishi
me will slay. me!" And the approached close to him they
ility to shrink h
to relieve Hain — wi
Lord set a sign for Cain, a horn saw in the "Mark of Cain" a director of the club, denied how- rhaids
n case of
ever that there was any discrim- gentl elievi ii
on his forehead, lest anyone warning not to smite him.
finding him should smite him.
Cain's death was inflicted ination. He said there were tion
This protection was granted upon him accidentally by his some Jews among its 9,500 mem- oug a
him as partial forgiveness be- great-grandson, Lemech. While bers. He also said he did not stat nts
s a new
cause of his repentance. This hunting he saw in the distance know of any Negro members. heali
mark also served as a degrada- a creature with one horn on his Last month, the Anti-Defamation cover
ce is now avail.
tion of his human form because head and shot him, unaware League of Bnai Brith - listed the institu
able in s
or ointment for,*
he had degraded his soul, . and, that the victim was his great- New York club as being biased called Preparation H40. At all drug
at the same time, it indicated ,grandfather.
in its membership policies.