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February 09, 1962 - Image 32

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-02-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



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Puzzling UN Undersecretary Issue

Boris Srnolar's

'Between You
... and Me'

(Copyright, 1962,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

Detroit Leads on the Social Front

The number of Jewish city and country clubs is now grow-
ing ,throughotit the country . . . And most of them are making
the giving of a respectable contribution to the fund-raising cam-
paign of the local Jewish community a condition of new and
continued membership . . . One prominent Jewish club on the
West Coast requests that its members maintain their level of
giving for at least two years . . . There have been a few excep-
tions, but members are responding to the request for adequate
giving with good grace . .. a good example of club cooperation
with the campaign leaders is Detroit, where Max M. Fisher,
national UJA leader, is president of the Jewish Welfare Federa-
tion . . . The city has three Jewish country clubs, two big clubs,
a town and country club, and a yacht club . . . Two of the lead-
ing Jewish clubs in Detroit added an article to their by-laws,
making an adequate contribution to the Allied Jewish Campaign
mandatory . . . The article in the by-laws specifies that failure
of a regular member to contribute adequately to the Allied
Jewish Campaign in relation to his means, shall be deemed a
reflection on the good repute of the Club . . . It also provides
for an investigation by a special committee of the adequacy of
each member's contribution to the Allied Jewish Campaign and
to the Community Chest . . . In case of a gross inadequacy, the
committee must make a report to the board of directors of the
Club . . . The involved member is then given a hearing and
can be suspended from club privileges for such a period as
determined by the Board . . . Both Detroit clubs have formed
community relations committees to implement the campaign
clause of the by-laws . . . The committee of each club makes
a list of club members and the Allied Jewish Campaign—at the
club's request—returns this list with each member's record of
pledging and paying .. . Thus, the committee actually sees to it
that each member not only makes an adequate pledge but
also that he pays the pledge.

The Big

Issue

By SAUL CARSON

J.T.A. Correspondent at
the United Nations
(Copyright. 1962,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. —
A strange development took
place here during the quiet
week preceding the New Year.
U Thant, the new Acting Sec-
retary General, came up with
a "solution" to the numbers
game that had been played for
weeks around his need to re-
organize the top echelons of
the Secretariat.
The Russians lost on their
"troika" demand earlier. when
U Thant was agreed upon as
temporary successor to Dag
Hammarskj old, without being
tied down to a three-ply UN
leadership in which the Soviet
Union would have had the veto
power. But the Russians de-
manded more representation
among the Undersecretaries.
Various formulas had been ad-
vanced, involving the appoint-
ment of four, five, six or seven
Undersecretaries. U Thant fin-
ally named eight top assistants,
among them an additional Com-
munist, Jiri Nosek, Deputy
Foreign Minister of Czechoslo-
vakia. And Thant pulled into
the "club" one Arab represen-
tative, Omar Loutfi, of Egypt.
Immediately, there were
many questions. Is Loutfi's ap-
pointment another victory for
the Soviet Union? On the sur-
face, Egypt's dictator, Gamal
Abdel Nasser, has been pre-
sumably engaged in a feud
with Moscow. Could it be that
the Soviet Union's agreement
to accept Loutfi as an Under-
secretary is proof that the
Egyptian-Russion fracas has been
an absolute phony? After all,
Cairo and Moscow are on the
same side of the fence in many
political and international af-
fairs — including Middle East
policy.
That question leads direct-
ly into the more important
one, concerning L o u t f i's
standing as a spokesman for
the man who presumes to
speak for the Arab bloc,
Nasser himself.
Loutfi is well known here.
A bald, affable, smiling, cheru-
bic man, he is by this time one
of the permanent fixtures
among the time-servers of UN
delegations. If the term "af-
fable" seems strange, when
applied to Loutfi, it is not in-

The stand of American Jews on the issue of Federal aid
to parochial schools is now a subject of a hot dispute between
the Catholic and Protestant organs . . . "Church and State,"
organ of the Protestants and other Americans United, came
out with an article claiming that an "informal alliance is taking
shape in American life between the Jewish community and
those Protestants who believe in the separation of church and
state". . . The publication based its assertion on - a speech by
Dr. Maurice Eisendrath, president of the Union of American
Hebrew Congregations, and a statement of the Washington
Jewish Community Council . . . It expressed the belief that the
sentiments expressed in the speech and in the statement "repre-
sent at least 99 per cent of the American Jewish community"
. . . The Catholic organ, "America," jumped on the claim of
the POAU publication and said that it refuses to believe that
"99 per cent" of U.S. Jews endorse "the rigid interpretation"
by the Protestants of the principle of separation of church and
state . . . It expressed doubt that an "informal alliance" has
been formed between American Jews and the Protestants oppos-
ing state aid to. religious schools . . . The truth is that_ there
is a split in the American Jewish community on the issue of
government aid to religious schools . . . While some major
Jewish organizations oppose any form of government aid to
religious schools, American Orthodox Jewry favors such aid
. . . Rabbi Eisendrath—as his organization assures me—has never
presumed to speak for all 'American Jewry . . • This is also
the case with Leo Pfeffer, general counsel of the American
Jewish Congress, who is accused by the Catholic organ of being
"associated" with POAU . . .• Pfeffer tells me that he is not
"associated" in any way with the POAU . . . "It is true," he
writes, "that on occasion I will speak at a POAU conference or Hebrew Corner
meeting, but I often lecture at Catholic universities as well, and
this does not mean that I am 'associated' with the Catholic
church" .- . Whatever the actual situation, the dragging of
Jews by Protestant and Catholic organs in the fight between
them was hardly justified . . . Various Jewish grOups have
The Dalian family reached Israel
made known their stand on the issue of Federal aid to parochial about
year after the setting up
schools . . . Any Jewish leader who speaks publicly on this of the a State.
They settled in an
issue is speaking in his own name or perhaps in the name of immigrant camp near Petah-Tikva.
The father, Morris, got work in a
the organization to which he belongs . . . But under no cir- building
(that was being erected)
cumstances can it be assumed that anyone speaks on behalf and the boy Moshe. (seven years
old) remained in the house and
of the American Jewish community . . . There is no central played.
Jewish body in the U.S. that is entitled to say that it speaks
One day, Devorah the teacher,
came to the Dahan family, and
for all American Jews, or for 99 per cent of them.

tended as entirely complimen-
tary. The man knows how to
appear pleasant. But appear-
ances here are of no import-
ance whatever. Loutfi is simply
smarter than some of the other
leading Arab representatives
here.

He is wise enough to leave
the loud barking to a windbag
like Ahmad Shukairy of Saudi
Arabia. He is clever enough to
sit back, smiling, while vicious
anti-Israel speeches are shouted
by Iraq's Dr. Adnan Pachachi.
When it comes time to partici-
pate in a debate, on the Arab
refugee problem, Loutfi's inter-
ventions sound mild when com-
pared with Shukairy's or Pa-
chachi's. He does not engage in
throwing insults at Mrs. Golda
Meir or Michael Comay. He
talks quietly, to the point. But
what is that point? It is simple:
war against Israel is an accept-
ed fact, and Israel must be de-
stroyed. •

How could U Thant name to
his top team a man whose coun-
try insists on war as a fact;
war against a member State?
How could the UN have among
its top Underscretaries a man
representing a country that
openly rejects offers of peace
and a non-aggression pact with
another member state? The
Suez Canal is • still closed to
Israel shipping and goods, in
violation of a resolution adopt-
ed by the Security Council in
1951. Egypt is one of the major
architects of the economic boy-
cott against Israel. Yet its man
now sits in the UN's highest
Secretariat councils!
These are among the ques-
tions being asked, among the
mysteries being probed now,
in the wake of the Loutfi
appointment. Was U Thant
aware of all the implications
surrounding his selection of
Loutfi? One is certain that
U Thant, the man who has
so often praised Israel as a
State and Israel's people as
a shining example to the
world's democracy, could not
have overlooked all the im-
plications in his choice of

Loutfi. If that is true then
what lay behind his strange
selection!
Experienced observers here
point out that, insofar as any
immediate developments are
concerned, there is not the
slightest reason for alarm.
Loutfi now sits among the
upper strata on the 38th floor,
in the shadow of U Thant's
office. As a top Undersecretary,
he will, presumably, be kept
apprised of all major develop-
ments. From time to time, his
advice and counsel may be
sought. But the Acting Secre-
tary-General does not have to
accept Loutfi's advice — any
more than he has to accept the
advice of Nosek or of the Soviet
Russian representative, Georgy
Arkadev. Should a Middle East
issue arise, affecting Israel,
Israel does not have to have
any dealings with Loutfi — it
will go to Thant himself.
But what motivated the selec-
tion of Egypt's man to this
very high post? Nasser's star
has been on the decline. He
still calls his country the
United Arab Republic — but
there is no unity there at all.
Syria has been lost. He has
even loSt whatever little con-
trol he had over little Yemen.
All of the various dreams of
pan-Arabism are shattered. Nas-
ser got no real benefits, except
wordy anti-Israeli resolutions,
from any of the various inter-
national conferences he has
helped engineer, from Bandung
in 1955, to Accra, Casablanca,
to Belgrade. Nasser is no long-
er leader of pan-Arabism, he
is no longer looked upon as
leader of Africa, he is not even
a leader among , the so-called
"neutral" states.
It is rare that the loser gets
the reward. Yet that is what
Nasser got here now with the
selection of Loutfi.
There is one final question
that must be . asked: Is the
Loutfi choice more of a booby-
prize than a boon for Nasser?
Time may provide the an-
swers to some of these ques-
tions.

:1-1-1-;:r)


1;71 .nrin) 74 rifi9 1773

---N,

The Story of
Dahan Family

Jewish History

The current month of Adar is marked in Jewish history
by deaths of great Jewish personalities . . . It was in Adar that
Moses died; he also was born in Adar . . . In Adar that Zedekiah,
last King of Judah, died in Babylon, 586 B C
Benedict
Spinoza, the great philosopher, died in Adar, 1677 . . . He was ex-
communicated in 1656 for heretical views by the Jewish com-
munity of Amsterdam . . . Abraham Ibn Ezra, philosopher and
poet whose poems have been incorporated into the Prayer
Book, died in Adar, 1167 . . . Meir of Rothenberg, who was
known as the "Meir Hagolah"—the Light of the Exile—the most
eminent rabbinic authority of his time, died in Adar, 1293,
in prison in Alsace, refusing to allow hiniself to be ransomed,
as this might have encouraged other rulers to imprison rabbis
as a means of raising ransom money . . . Joseph T•umpeldor,
modern Jewish hero of Palestine, also died in Adar, in 1920
. • . He was killed while heroically defending Tel Hai, in
northern Galilee, against an Arab attack.

Israel Increases Tax on Travel Abroad

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM -- Israelis buy-
ing tickets for travel abroad
will be taxed 100 per cent of
the price of the ticket plus 150
pounds ($84), according to an
amendment to the foreign
travel law passed Tuesday by

the Knesset.
Until now, the tax ceiling on
travel was 100 per cent of the
value of the ticket.
Israelis who purchase return
tickets while abroad will be re-
sponsible for payment of the
tax on arrival in Israel.

asked to send Moshe to study in
the school. The father, Morris.
said that he has not enough money
for that, but the teacher explained
to him that the family does not
have to pay at all because the edu-
cation is given free of charge. "And
who pays the teachers?" asked Mor-
ris with a smile. "The Ministry of
Education of the State of Israel pays
us, and even gives tablets and writ-
ing implements to pupils that do
not have the money to buy what
they need".
Time passes quickly and the year
ended. Moshe read, wrote and spoke
Hebrew, but at home they continued
to speak French or arabic.
One day, when the children fell
asleep Morris went to the leader of
the camp and told him, that he too
and his wife want to learn Hebrew
and even are prepared to pay a
little money. The leader answered
them with a smile that at the place
there are evening classes in Hebrew
for adults given by the Ministry of
Education and Culture without any
charge.
This story is not only one. Since
the setting up of the State till today,
more than a million immigrants
reached Israel. 534 thousand adults
studied Hebrew in the evening
classes or in special courses of the
Ministry of Education and about a
half a million pupils are studying
in schools run and supervised by
the Ministry of Education and Cul-
ture of the State of Israel.
Translation of Hebrew column.
Published by Stith Ivrith Ola-
mith, Jerusalem.

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