THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
The Bigots' Test
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich., under act of Congress of
March 8, 1879.
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
Sabbath, the twenty-ninth day of Shevat, 5722, the following Scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Mishpatim, Exodus 21:1-24:18. Prophetical portion, I Samuel 20:18-42.
Licht Benchen, Friday, Feb. 2, 5:30 p.m.
Vol. XL No. 23
February 2, 1962
Serious Challenges. in Year of Crisis
While the official opening of the
Jewish Campaign will not take
place until March, pre-campaign activities
already are producing encouraging re-
sults, and the community's fund-raisers
are gearing all their efforts towards secur-
ing the additional large sums that will be
needed so vitally this year in view of the
new crises facing our people.
In the interests of effective planning,
it is vital that we should have a complete
understanding of the community's poten-
tialities and that we should mobilize our
forces to the end that all the available
forces should be drawn into the 1962
The Allied Jewish Campaign has
grown from very small beginnings in 1926
to the present high standards of giving.
For a three-year period, 36 years ago,
3,185 contributors provided a sum of
$738,242. There was .a decline in 1929,
when only 1,599 gave a total of $130,473.
The gifts and the givers rose in 1930 —
5,047 having given $326,017 in that year
— and the sums dropped again for a
number of years, until. 1939, when the
contributing force rose to 19,080 cam-
paign participants who gave $651,889.
From that year until the present, the
number of donors was always about the
20,000 mark. In 1940 there were 20,440
who gave $735,870. Their number rose
year after year, reaching the peak in the
number of contributors in 1948—the year
of Israel's emergence as an independent
Jewish State—when 30,734 people gave
$5,756,133. This number of contributors
has never again been equalled, although
the largest sum was raised in 1957, when
$5,918,268 was contributed by 25,960
Last year there were 24,000 contribu-
tors and their gifts totalled $4,615,000.
It was a year of economic recession, and
the drop in income was understandable.
Under no circumstances, however, is last
year's result to serve as a guide for the
current year. At the budgeting conference
of community leaders held in December,
there was unanimous agreement that a
minimum of $5,904,429 must be secured
this year if our obligations are to be ful-
filled towards the sadly afflicted Jewish
communities in the world most of whose
residents must look to Israel for an im-
mediate haven, and if our local and na-
tional duties are not to be abandoned in
the education, health and recreational
As in past years, the beginning . is an
excellent one. In fact, the early contribu-
tions announced on Tuesday evening, at
the inspiring meeting held at the home
of the dynamic campaign chairman, Paul
Zuckerman, exceed those of earlier years.
The total announced on Tuesday indi
cated a recognition of the dire need for JPS Holiday Series
the extra funds to meet the current
crucial overseas obligations.
The results of the Zuckerman meet-
ing should serve to inspire the campaign
leaders and workers to seek comparable
increases from the many thousands of
contributors who are to be contacted
"The Passover Anthology" by Philip Goodman, just issued by
during the coming weeks. Unless the
standard of current increased giving is the Jewish Publication Society of America, is the result of such
such a vast amount of informative
upheld, it may become difficult to secure thorough search and incorporates
material about the festival, that this
the vast sums that are needed, approach-
addition to the JPS series of holiday
ing the six million dollar mark.
books must be acclaimed as one of
Under all circumstances, we must
the most impressive of the society's
make certain that there should not creep
Goodman, executive director of
in unwise complacency, that the efforts
the Jewish Book Council of America,
during the coming weeks should be even
sponsored by ,the Jewish Welfare Board,
more extensive and more determined
has compiled historical data, short
than heretofore. The community must
stories, music, poetry and other mate-
be alerted to the needs, and it certainly
rial relating to the Festival of Freedom.
is to be hoped that a well informed com-
Essays, poems and data by noted
munity also will be a most generous one.
scholars are included in this anthol-
Philip Goodman Compiles
'The Passover Anthology'
It is clear that in the coming months
there must be concerted efforts to in-
crease the number of contributors and to
raise the standards of giving. There must
be vast increases in order that a new high
May be established in our great Allied
Jewish Campaign efforts.
This is the time, therefore, as we
mobilize our forces for the current drive,
to enlist all who are available for the
campaign, to make certain that every man
and woman who is able to give should be
among the participants in the 1962 relief
and rehabilitation and community plan-
ning effort. We are faced by serious chal-
lenges and we must meet them with cour-
age and dignity and generosity. We must
go•forward in our planning. This is a time
for re-dedication. May we be found equal
to the great tasks ahead of us!
Gertrude Wineman-Butzel Award Winner
As the most coveted community containing the list of Fred M. Butzel
honor of the year, awarded by the Jewish Award winners.
Welfare Federation in recognition of
Mrs. Wineman had worked tirelessly
distinguished service, the Fred M. Butzel with her late husband, Mr. Henry Wine-
Memorial Award winner is selected by man, who was the second Butzel Award
heads of Federation agencies and previ- winner, in 1952, in the tasks of creating
ous award winners. The Jewish News is a wholesome community for Detroit
pleased to learn that, this year, Mrs. Ger- Jewry. She now shares deserved honors
trude Wineman is the unanimous choice also with the late Julian H. Krolik, who
of the community's leaders who appre- was the first winner of the Butzel Award
ciate her tireless and meritorious services in 1951, with the late Sidney J. Allen,
to many Jewish and civic causes and the 1959 winner, and with Judge William
primarily to the major Jewish welfare Friedman, Abraham Srere, Samuel H.
Rubiner, Justice Henry M. Butzel, Abe
The only other woman to win this Kasle, Judge Theodore Levin and Irwin
award — Mrs. Joseph H. Ehrlich, who I. Cohn, the other winners of the awards.
received it in 1955 — has worked with
There can be no dissent from the
Mrs. Wineman through the years in the
numerous causes which now give the unanimous choice of Mrs. Wineman as
1962 winner of the honor the recognition this year's awardee for this great honor.
she has earned by her devotion and Her deep interest in Hadassah's medical
dedication. It is right, because they had and Youth Aliyah programs, her partici-
worked as a team for so many years— pation in the Community Chest, her
in behalf of the Allied Jewish Campaign, leadership in Travelers Aid and a score
the Community Chest, Hadassah and of other movements, make her highly
other causes — that the names of Dora deserving of the honors accorded her.
Ehrlich and Gertrude Wineman should An entire community will undoubtedly
again appear side by side on the plaque acclaim the choice.
ogy. Among them are several articles
specially written for this volume, in-
cluding Judith K. Eisenstein's "The
Music of Passover," Dvora Lapson's
"Dances for Passover" and Rachel
Wischnitzer's "Passover in Art."
The significance of this anthology becomes apparent in the list
of eminent scholars who have written analyses of Passover themes.
"The Origins of Passover" are explained in two essays—
Prof. Harry M. Orlinsky's "The Bondage and Exodus of Israel"
and "Israel in Egypt: The Historical Problems," by the late Chief
Rabbi Joseph H. Hertz of the British Empire.
The Christian aspects are not overlooked, as is indicated in
Prof. Solomon Zeitlin's "Passover and the Last Supper."
Then there is the valuable article, "Passover and the Ritual
Murder Libel," by Dr. Solomon Grayzel who traces the sources of
the blood lie that has been a source of so much misery for Jews
during the Passover season.
The late Dr. Shmarya Levin is. represented in the series of
essays on "Passover in Many Lands." Essays in this section are
by Theodor H. Gaster, Jacques Faitlovitch, Zvi Kasdai, Hayyim
Schauss, Solomon ibn Verga, Soma Morgenstern, Joseph A. Joel,
Wladyslaw Pawlak, Moshe Mosenson and Sybil Rogow Langer.
A number of essays describe the development of the Hagga-
dah and the baking of Matzot. The festival's evaluations in litera-
ture, art and music and in post-Biblical writings, and Midrashic
and Talmudic notes, will enlighten the reader and provide a
source of information that has not been available hitherto in
a single volume.
Judah Halevi, Mosen ben Maimon, Saadia Gaon and the Zohar
are quoted in the section on Passover in medieval literature, and
the festival in Jewish law, by noted scholars of all ages, is
Israel Zankill, Heinrich Heine, Henry George, Theodor Herzl,
Sholom Aleichem, Martin Buber, S. J. Agnon, Berl Katznelson„
Kaufmann Kohler, Moritz Lazarus, Ahad Ha-am, Hayyim Nahman
Bialik, Isaac Loeb Peretz,Philip M. Raskin and many others are includ-
ed in selections of prose and poetry, in short stories and parables.
Folklore, programs and projects, suggested dances for the
festival by Dvora Lapson, menus and recipes by Hanna Goodman
and a section on curiosities are among the additional features which
give this. volume a thorough completeness in dealing with Passover.
In the over-all portion entitled "Passover Rejoicing" there are
included many curiosities—such as names, calendrical formulations,
local hymns and customs, and parodies.
There are many illustrations and rare drawings and the musical
scores for a number of Passover songs.
Rabbi Goodman has rendered a real service with this compila-
tion. It is an informative, instructive and entertaining book.