THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS ® Friday, February 2, 1962
Announcing "the acquisition" of the two weekly
English-Jewish newspapers currently functioning in
Pittsburgh by that community's United Jewish Fed-
eration, the acquiring organization's president
stated: "We believe that a good community is a
well informed community. We want to do everything ,
possible to give people the information and knowl-
edge that is necessary for intelligent action in
these complicated times."
Is it possible that the many years during which
the two about-to-be-abandoned periodicals func-
tioned in behalf of the Pittsburgh Jewish commun-
ity were mere vacuums information-wise- Can it
be that Pittsburgh Jewry can look only to' a
community-owned periodical, into which the two
Federation-acquired papers are soon to be merged,
to make it "well informed?"
The youhgest of the two periodicals that are
being absorbed by Federation has-been in existence
28 years, and the older one was organized 70 years
ago. These are long periods of time during which
the publishers should have had sufficient training
in the preparation of well-qualified newspapers.
Apparently they have failed, and now Pittsburgh
becomes another community where it will be said
that private enterprise in journalism is impossible
for JewS. We view such a development as a major
calamity in American Jewish life.
Countrywide, in the non-Jewish field, we have
been witnessing similarly-upsetting developments.
Newspapers have vanished, most of the American
cities have become monopoly newspaper cities, and
in the weekly and the monthly magazine as well
as the daily newspaper publishing field it has be-
come increasingly more difficult for newspapers to
subsist. The rising costs of production have forced
magazines with several million readers to fold up,
and daily newspapers with circulations approxi-
mating a million have closed shop.
Is it possible that the financial afflictions are
responsible for driving Jewish newspapers into
community control and out of reach of private in-
itiative where freedom of the press rightly belongs?
It may well be that there is another, a more
valid reason, for the abandonment of several
newspapers by their private owners and their
acquisition by the community federations. It is
Control of English-Jewish Weekly News-
papers by Federations Viewed as Calamitous
possible that the shortage of enterprising editors,
the inability of some of the publishers to face the
trying tasks that go with producing well-functioning,
Jewish newspapers that should serve our commun-
ities with dedication, and also with strength of will
power to adhere to convictions based on the major
needs in Jewish life, is the cause for a sense of
despair that makes -publishers say: "what's the use!
let federation have this headache!"
What a pity that the communities that have
been affected by the unfortunate trends of com-
munity ownership of the press do not recognize
the grave dangers inherent in such a practice of
dealing a death blow at freedom of the press. With
a better response to existing newspapers, with en-
couragement to their publishers to entrust the duties
of news gathering and editing to the ablest available
and best trained men, with an effort to assure as
complete coverage of the community as possible
by the news gatherers and dispensers, whatever
problems may now exist could easily be solved.
Detroit a 'Natural' for Boxing Revival
"Legitimate businessmen will stead of 100 fights going on
By HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Elimination of the "purple" overcome the unsavory elements. around the country on an eve-
ning, there is only one—on TV.
element from professional boxing Within a year or so the sport
"Now that TV has boxing
and increasing support from an will come back. It will provide
one night a week on Sat-
unexpected quarter — among a
urday, promoters will be giving
few other plus and minus condi- from a civic standpoint."
Lou, who as a heavyweight won their cities live matches on the
tions—will revive the fight game
here to what it was in its depres- all his bouts during the depres- other nights."
sion until a shoulder injury end-
Lou, 52-year-old head of a fam-
sion era hayday.
ed his professional career, stayed ily of four, with his wife, Phyllis,
The prediction that this meta- in the ring to referee.
morphisis will take place* within He has held a referee's license and daughters, Jennifer, 12, and-
a year was made by Max and 31 times, one each year since Mindy,- 9, is active with Max in
their National Coal and Oil Com-
H dl rwho
hold more 1931. _
pany business at 9141 Monica.
than an afficionado interest in
In some years he says, he Max and his wife, Gertrude,
refereed "literally hundreds
Each of the brOthers has made and hundreds" of fights, and grandparents of two, have two
a notable contribution toward its can remember one night when sons, attorney Wally and Stuart,
success—Max, through promoting he officiated over 39 Golden in graduate school at North-
top caliber drawing cards, and Gloves three=round bouts in a western University, and a daugh-
ter, Cheryl,- 14.
Lou, by encouraging interest and row.
Lou- has operated Can* Tarn-
refereeing among the amateur
"Kids would enter the ring by
and professional ranks.
the thousands," says Lou. "It was akwa since 1937.
Both agree that Detroit—native the depression and they were
He says, "Camping is my pro-
town of Joe Louis and Sugar Ray hungry. I was heavyweight champ fession, refereeing fights is my
Robinson—is the "natural" loca- at Michigan State College when avocation, but to make a living
tion for the revival.
I graduated in 1931 and jobs- I'm in the coal business."
Max points out that Detroit were scarce. I had my first pro
Lou is most enthusiastic, how-
has the essential facilities in fight the same week I graduated. avocation.
ever, when he talks about his
the Cobo Hall Convention
"I don't think anyone would
Arena, Olympia and the Gray- choose to be a fighter if he could he
is a natural
stOne Ballroom. The attraction make a living in any other way. know any rules. It's the kind
of colorful talent is emerging It's tough. You have to Train like of sport that has primitive ap-
from an abundant crop in the a racehorse. You can't work at a
amateur standings, according job and fight. Now, you -can't body
afford to fight, unless you have and you want to see the out-
"Two things killed boxing," a sponsor to pay your way until come."
says Max, "the purple element you become proficient.
and television. But good strides
"Television killed boxing with ter"
are being made by businessmen saturation. Fights used to be on the sport? Why, the ladies, of
, like myself, with unblemished four nights a week. No promoter course, says Lou.
reputations, who provide fans a is going to put on a fight when
good place to enjoy the best people are watching one in their love
are savage. They
the sport has to offer."
living rooms. It mean r that in-
Max has promoted four "big"
cards since last June, two of
which pitted Joey Giardello
against Detroit's Henry Hank,
fourth - ranking middleweight in
the world, and Sugar Ray Robin-
MANNHEIM, Germany (JTA)—About 200 packages
son against Wilfie Greaves.
These matches drew crowds of of cookies manufactured and packaged in the United
more than 10,000 each, with States, stamped with :the swastika symbol, were dis-
gates of over $22,000 apiece.
covered by an American officer here Sunday in the
"This shows that the interest United States Army commissary. . '
is there," says Max. "These
The sales price on the packages, said the officer,
were the biggest gates for box- had been superimposed by the swastika. The officer said
ing, excluding television and
championship fights, in the en- he presumed the swastika stamp had been applied in the
United StateS, and not in Germany.
U.S. Army Commissary Gets
pampered by public ownership or government con-
If there is presently a shortcoming of a
handful of people who would be drawn in as readers
of a Jewish newspaper because they would receive
it free in recognition of their gifts to a campaign,
because the fund-raising agency has become the
owner of the newspaper, then this, too, can be
corrected. Let the rabbis and synagogue officials
make certain that every member of their emigre-
gations reads a Jewish newspaper. Then-the pews
might not be as empty on the Sabbaths; then the
synagogue might cease to be a two- or three-day a
year assembly hall. Let the federation dignitaries
take into consideration the fact that their efforts
are valueless among uninformed people, that a
response to agencies' needs can not come from'
ignorant people, and that they have a better chance
for survival if the contributors are Jewish - news-
paper readers. Let 'the large Jewish advertisers, .
whose names dominate the daily newspaper ads,
stop "boycotting" the Jewish weeklies and give them
a chance to live.
The argument . in defense of a community-
owned periodical can be anticipated. It would pro-
vide for free distribution of the community paper
to every contributor to the federation campaign,
and many who do not presently read a Jewish
newspaper would be provided with a periodical.
Would that insure the production of a good
newspaper, the full coverage of news — unbiased,
unadulterated, unhampered by the inevitable in-
trusion of the opinions of those who manage the
community's affairs and therefore also would man-
age the community's newspaper?
One of the most famous, even if it was a most
daring, saying by Thomas Jefferson was:
"Were it left to me to decide whether we
should have a government without newspapers
or newspapers without government, I should not
hesitate a moment to prefer the latter."
We are not preaching nihilism and are not
advocating newspaper rule at the expense of com-
munity government. What we hope for, as we con-
tinue to strive for it, is that there will be such
cooperation between community and newspaper that
the well informed constituency will grow in num-
bers and in understanding of Jewish values and in
realization of Jewish needs. But the newspaper
must be free, unaffected by vested interests, not
Handler Brothers See Rebirth of Sport
By Philip ,
It isn't mere "life" that matters: it is more
a question of what kind of life. Our Jewish press,.
now becoming limited to the English-Jewish week- ,
lies, (the life span of the Yiddish press is gradually
diminishing), must not only be financially secure: .,
it must be independent!
There were less than two years in the history
of our own community when this newspaper had a
circulation -agreement with federation. It was an
agreement that in no way affected the newspaper's
editorial independence. Even then, there were
rumblings which resulted in false accusations of
"control." Think of what is happening in the com-
munities where newspapers are being acquired by
federations where there is inevitable and actual
Anything akin to the abandonment of private
initiative and private ownership of the press, lead-
ing to some sort of community domination, is detri-
mental to wholesome community functions. We
deplore the trends in some communities and . the
latest development in Pittsburgh, where two news-
paperes are caused to vanish, to enable the organ-
ized community to establish a newspaper of its own.
We view these trends as calamitous to Jewish life
1 'Between You
. . . and Me
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
The American Scene
Testimony with regard to discrimination in employment is
now being evaluated in- Washington in connection with pro-
posed Federal legislation on equal employment opportunity . .
The emerging picture shows that job bias against Jews in this
country- does not approach., in magnitude, the discrimination
practiced against Negroes- . . . However, the testimony estab-
lishes that restrictions against Jews are nonetheless to be - found
at many levels of American economic "life . . . They are es-
pecially high in Chicago, Los Angeles and Ohio . . . The Bureau •
on Jewish Employment Problems in Chicago has submitted
shocking facts with regard to • anti-Jewish discrimination in
employment in that city . . . In Los Angeles, more than 250
firms have placed with private employment agencies orders
containing discriminatory specifications . . . included were
insurance companies, banks, department stores, oil companies,
transportation lines, real estate agencies, food processors and
manufacturers of many different products . . . Some of 'the
discriminatory requests in the employment orders asked for
"Gentiles only" . . . Others used a code to identify Jews as
"53's" . . . In Ohio, employment discrimination against - Jews
was found to be practiced principally in public . • accounting,
banks, utilities, and in manufacturing firms in heavy industry
. . . President Kennedy is now backing the passing by Congress
of a Federal Fair Employment Practices law to insure equal oppor-
tunity for all in securing employment.
A survey conducted in Israel under the direction of an
American expert has now . established that too few young people
in the Jewish State continue their education to the university
level . . . The ratio is one-half per cent o _ f the population, com-
pared with one per cent in Britain and two per cent in the United
States . . . The survey also established that 40 per cent of the
high school teachers in Israel have insufficient teacher training
. . . Education in elementary schools in Israel is free and com-
pulsory for all children from the age of 5 to 14 . . . but this
is not the case with high school education . . . Students in
secondary schools have to pay fees ranging from 400 to 550
Israeli pounds a year . . . However, there are State subventions,
graded according to the income of the parents . . . When Premier
Ben-Gurion introduced a unified state school system, political
movements were barred in the schools . . . Only the Scouts
were permitted to function within school precincts . . . Now,
the Premier has had to succumb to left-wing pressure to permit
political youth movements to resume activity in the schools . . .
A survey conducted in Israel under the direction of an American
expert has now established that too few young people in the
Jewish state continue their education to the university level . . .
The ratio is one-half of one per cent of the population, compared
with one per cent in Britain and two per cent in the United States.