of U. S,
Vol. XL, No. 22
THE JEWISH NEWS
I A. N4
A Weekly Review * of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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Soviet Charges of 'Espionage'
Against Three Jews Viewed as
Concentration of Anti-Semitism
ORT's 762 Expansion
Program %Vi 11 Help
40,000 in Many Lands
NEW YORK (JTA)—A budget for ORT activities
in 1962 in 19 countries totaling more than $8,000,000
adopted by the World ORT Union, was approved here
by the 40th anniversary national conference of Ameri-
can ORT Federation.
The 500 delegates who attended the conference
also approved allocations totaling $2,795,000 toward the
Dr. William Haber, president of American ORT,
announced that the organization would, during 1962,
support a pr gram of economic rehabilitation and oc-
cupational training for more than 40,000 persons over-
The main areas where such services will be pro-
vided are-Israel,-.,North Africa. Europe and Iran, Haber
said. Plans for the ORT trade education programs in
Israel call for expansion of instructional facilities to
enroll 15,000 persons, he stated.
In the last 16 years, Haber reported, ORT has
"provided economic rehabilitation for 350,000 persons
. overseas, at a cost of $63,965,000."
The conference ratified an agreement with the
Joint Distribution Committee under which ORT will
receive $1,850,000 from funds raised by the United
An additional sum, totaling $945,000, is anticipated
from membership income of the Women's American
ORT Federation and other affiliated groups. The bal-
ance of ORT's financial needs overseas is expected to
be raised by ORT organizations in other countries.
and by contributions from governments and local
communities where the ORT schools are located.
_ (Continued on Page 3)
Torah for• Navy:
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Israel official sources angrily rejected the charges voiced in the
Moscow newspaper "Trud" that Israeli diplomats in the Soviet Union had engaged in "es-
pionage" and are helpful in activities for the American Central Intelligence Agency.
Terming these allegations as "fabrications," a Foreign Ministry spokesman here said
that they constitute "gross contraventions of international practice." The allegationS were
termed "ridiculous and absolutely unfounded" by Israel's Foreign Minister Golda Meir in
a statement made in Tokyo, Japan, where she is now on an unofficial visit.
The charges in "Trud" provoked excited articles against the Soviet Union' in the
entire Israeli press. The Soviet newspaper had said that Israeli diplomats in Moscow are
using synagogues to spread Zionist literature and to collect espionage information. It men-
tioned Joshua Pratt, the first secretary of the Israeli embassy in Mosc6w, as a person who
had been in contact with the three leaders of the Leningrad-synagogue who were sentenced
recently to long terms of imprisonment for being in contact with representatives of a
"foreign power." The three Leningrad Jewish leaders are Gedalia E. Pechersky, 60; E. S.
Dymkin and N. A. Kaganov. Both Dymkin and Kaganov are in their late seventies.
The article in the Moscow paper said Pratt had "often passed out anti-Soviet and
Zionist literature" to members of synagogues. Similar charges had been made by the Soviet
newspapers earlier against two Israeli diplomats in Moscow, Yaakov Kelman and Yaakov
Sharett, both of whom were ordered to leave the Soviet Union.
"Trud" also alleged that Pratt headed a "spy ring" that recruited agents among Soviet
Jewish citizens, and declared that the activities were carried on not only with the know-
ledge of the Israel Government but also on orders of the United States Government. Accord-
ing to Trud, there have been ties between the Israeli intelligence service and the Central
Intelligence Agency, the organization conducting intelligence work for U. S. Government.
(In Paris, the press carried a cable from Moscow stating that Trud has also reported
the arrest of "the rabbi of Wilna." The Soviet paper did not name the rabbi, but linked him
with "speculators and smugglers" on trial in Lithuania.)
U. S. Considers Moscow Charge 'Concentrated Attack' on Soviet Jews
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The charge made by the Moscow newspaper "Trud" that Is-
raeli diplomats in Russia are spying for the United States Government's Central Intelli-
gence Agency appears to be further evidence of the Soviet Union's "concentrated attack
on its Jewish population," a State Department spokesman told the Jewish Telegraphic
The spokesman scoffed at the charge, asserting that the Central Intelligence Agency
The USS Constella-
tion, the Navy's newest aircraft carrier, will sail with
a miniature Torah scroll housed in an Ark in the ward-
room used by her crew as a chapel. Above, Sanford
Solender, executive vice-president of the National Jew-
ish Welfare Board, presents the Torah to Commander
Paul W. Reigner (ChC) , senior chaplain aboard the
Constellation. At the ceremony were (I. to r.) Ensign
M. S. Gitson, ship's Information and Education Officer,
Solender, Chaplain Reigner and a member of the crew.
Presentation was made during a tour of the carrier by
leaders of JWB during which they met Jewish members
of the crew and discussed JWB's work as government-
authorized agency for religious and morale services to
Jews in the U.S. Armed Forces with the Constellation's
commanding officer and with other men aboard the ship.
(Continued on Page 3)
Trend Toward Interfaith Ability'
Foreseen Leading to 'Productive
Christian-Jewish Relations Era'
LOS ANGELES', (JTA) — The American Jewish Committee concluded its four-day
executive board meeting 1; ith a resolution stressing that "special efforts must be made to
assure equal educational opportunity to all children in all public schools."
Louis Caplan of Pittsburgh, president of the American Jewish Commit-tee, told the
meeting that recent developments in Christianity in this country and abroad revealed "a
marked trend toward growing interfaith cooperation and amity." He particularly stressed recent
actions by Protestant and Catholic leaders in eliminating "negative stereotypes of Jews from
Christian teachings", as part of this trend toward "a significant and productive era in Chris-
tian-Jewish relations." He cited the following concrete developments here and abroad which
he said pointed to interfaith amity and cooperation:
1. Establishment in Madrid of a committee of leading Catholics and Jews to promote
interfaith cooperation in that country.
2. A resolution adopted by the Protestant Tenth Evangelical Church Assembly held
late last year in Berlin which asserted the indissoluble link between Christians and Jews.
3. A statement adopted by the Catholic National Conference for Interracial Justice call-
ing on Catholics "to work for the complete removal of anti-Semitic prejudice where it exists
in ourselves and our nation."
4. The Vatican's recent action eliminating anti-Jewish material in descriptions of paint-
ings hanging in the Catholic Church at Deggendorf, Germany.
5. The participation of leading Protestant and Catholic theologians in the publication
of a study by the French historian Jules Isaac, entitled "Has Anti-Semitism Roots in Chris-
tianity?" The study states that although the essence of Christianity contains no anti-Semitism,
Christian teaching has been a source of this form of bigotry.
It was announced at the meeting that the American Jewish Committee and the Cath-
olic-sponsored Pro Deo University in Rome have created jointly the first Chair of Intergroup
Relations ever established at a European institution of higher learning. Instruction in the
courses will begin at the Pro Deo University next month. The intergroup curriculum, developed
by the AJC.. will deal with understanding among. racial and religious groups and with the
roots of discrimination and persecution.
At the closing session it was also announced that a committee on national growth has
been established, the functions of which will be to analyze the American Jewish Committee's
areas of concern and to relate the needs of the times to AJC policy at home and .abroad,