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January 19, 1962 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-01-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

NEW YORK (JTA) — More
"It appears that these chil-
than 50 per cent of youths ar- dren—the median age of the
rested throughout the United 41 youngsters studied in depth
States for their involvement in was 16—were acting in a man-
swastika smearing have express- ner that had the sympathy and
ed strong anti-Semitic bias, and tacit approval of adult in
about half of all the youths ap- bers of their family,"
prehended had some kind of simer said.
membership or history of iden-
"The greatest
,le source
tification with Nazi-type gangs, of community
flict" among
it was reported at the 49th an- Jews and
er Americans
nual meeting of the National arises fro
differing inter-
Commission of the Anti-Defa- pretation f the doctrine
mation League of Bnai Brith.
the sepa ion of Church
The report, based on a major State, t ADL was told.
study in depth of youths de-
Repor g on the activit
tained by police authorities for ADL's
6 regional
swastika smearing during the through t the county,
"swastika epidemic" of 1960, Goldste
of Atlanta, chairman
was presented by Samuel Dal- of the
eague's community
simer, chairman of the ADL service
ision, said that prob-
program committee. The study lems ari a from the observ-
established that 80 per cent of ance has p uced "inte
the youths apprehended came friction from to
from families that were classi- California."
fied as "broken or unstable"
The past holiday season, he
because of alcoholism, mental said, "highlighted the recent
illness, prison records, or di- trend." Many of these, issues,
vorce. Also that 53 per cent had he declared, "erupted and be-
previous police records.
came sources of community dis-
The study was made by Dr. sension because of lack of dis-
Martin Deutsch, associate pro- cussion among educators and
fessor, department of psychia- religious leaders of different
try, Institute for Development- faiths."
al Studies, New York Medical
Benjamin R. Epstein, na-
College. In reporting on it, Dal- tional' director of the League,
simer said that some of the told the meeting that there
youth appeared to arrive at are now more than 130 right-
their anti-semitism only as a wing groups functioning in
"necessary appendage" to their the United States. "The
Nazi orientation. "A smaller trend," he said, "is alarming.
percentage were anti-Semitic But virtually all the new
first and then became members groups deny any motivation
of Nazi gangs. But most were of anti-Semitism and some of
fascinated from the first by the them have gone out of their
militarism of Nazism, its para- way ,to say that they are op:
phenalia, and the swastika as Posed to anti-Semitism."
a symbol."
Epstein said that it appears
He said that few of the that "to some extent, overt ex-
youths had ever known Jews pressions of anti-Semitism have
or had any personal experi- become a political kiss of death
ence with them that could ex- in the United States. The anti-
plain their hostility. "All the Semitic bigot and rabble-rouser
boys answered questions has little chance of gaining sig-
about Jews in .vague general- nificant public support—a fact
ities unrelated to their per- that the leaders of some of the
sonal experience," he report- new extremist groups appar-
ed. "Thus they might say that ently recognize. They are prac-
Jews control all the money ticing a degree of sophistication
but they had never met a Jew in their public statements al-
who controlled large sums of though, often enough, anti-
money. Or they would say Semitic innuendos abound in
that Jews control the govern- their private meeti
ment yet they could never
Two-thirds
clubs in
specify a Jew who had influ-
the Unit
ates, including
ence in government. The
countr
bs as well as sim-
Nazi-oriented youths, how-
liar
. ganizations in the
ever, in some cases offered
citi
practice religious dis-
the name of Roosevelt as a
cr ination, it was reported
Jew who controlled the gov-
e at the m t' r-
ernment."
rd Nath, of
Dr. Deutsch's study suggest-
an of the
ed that this lack of personal
mmittee,
animosity "might account for
1 ADL
the fact that in the 1960 out-
'ng the
year.
break, the youths attacked prop-
'crious discrimination
erty, not people, for their hat- Arne club life, said N
red was directed against sym- is "far
bolic institutions, not any par- vere" that. it is in employment,
ticular individuals."
education and other areas, and,
Dalsimer said that of the 154 "in the long run, just as dam-
youths arrested for swastika aging." He found club discrim-
desecrations natio had ination "a disturbing, astonish-
been interview
e
dy, ing" phenomenon. He reported
41 of these
Pth. "Of the e, that the survey established the
22—mo
an half—had co
following facts:
mitt
to the Nazi ideolo
1. Sixty-seven per cent of the clubs
investigated-781
clubs out of a total
14
onged to Nazi-
of 1,152 surveyed—practice religious'
11 reported r
discrimination. Of the 781, there
were 691 "Christian" clubs exclud-
mpf'—one o th
ing or limiting Jewish membership;
r. Dalsi er id.
while 90 were "Jewish clubs" ex-
cluding or limiting membership of
ad N, i iet
ad Christians.
been
irc
ins 2. The rates of discrimination were
per cent in country clubs, 60 per
as `T
otll
Lion
`The 72
cent in city clubs. By regions, the
Cooke
ss,' and
r pic- rates
were 74 per cent in the North
tures
rig prec'
march- Atlantic states; 73 per cent in the
Midwest; 60 per cent in the South
ing, group • chan
and mili- and Southwest areas of the United
tary trappin
Sates; and 58 per cent in the Far

"prestige clubs," the report states,
60 per cent of them discriminate
against Jews.

Henry Edward Schultz, na-
tional chairman of the League,

on that "while
do overlap into . - • as of publi
concern, they also involve is-
sues of the rights of privacy
that cannot easily be dismissed.
Fllere is therefore some coin-
fort t
ed from the
fac
e pri-
vate clt
e of
the in
countr

The nationwide
, called
"A Study of
ous Discrim-
ination b
'al Clubs," was
con
by the League's civil
s division under the super-
vision of Arnold Forster, its
general counsel.
President Kennedy hailed
the Bnai Brith Anti-Defama-
tion League "as a spokesman
for equality and justice, and
as a guardian of democratic
rights" which is "making im-
portant contributions" to
America's democratic legacy.
The President made his state-
ment in a message to Schultz, in
connection with the presenta-
tion of the organization's an-
nual "America's Democratic
Legacy Award" to Adlai E. Ste-
venson, chairman of the United
States delegation to the United
Nations. The award was given
today at a luncheon culminat-
ing the ADL's 49th annual
meeting, at the Plaza Hotel
here.

Israel's Moslem Clergymen
The Israel government pays
the salaries of the country's
200 Moslem clergymen who con-
duct services in 120 mosques.
The main mosque in Israel is
the Great Mosque of Jazzar in
Acre.

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Make sure that your savings are earn-
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in their communities. Among these

'

BOOKS

R

West.
3. Of the 781 clubs that were found
to practice discrimination, 696, or
90 per cent, maintained their re-
strictions "unofficially"—without re-
ligious barriers in their constitu-
tions or by-laws. The remaining 85
enforced religious restrictions that
were "officially" written into their
constitution or by-laws.
4. Of the 781 discriminatory clubs,
640 practice total exclusion, 141 per-
mit a few or token members of oth-
er religious faiths to join.
5. The total number of clubs
studied included 693 that were con-
sidered to have maximum prestige

I"

NOW
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OFF
46 LIST
PRICE

SUCH AS:

"Certain People of the Book"—
"Eva"—Books by Alexander King,
etc.

SPITZER'S

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1 BIk. N. of Curtis

UN 3-0543 — UN 3-1557

5 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, January 19, 1962

Swastika Smearings, Church-State Issue;
Discrimination in Private Clubs in
U.S. Discussed at ADL Sessions on Bias

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