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December 29, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-12-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

4 a

Exit 1961
and Its
Tensions:
Prayer for
More
Favorable
1962

HE JEWISH NEWS

A Weekly Review

Are Arab

Boycott

Threats

MICHIGAN

, Fraying?

f Jewish Events

Editorial

Page 4

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. XL, No. 18

Printed in a
100% Union Shop

17100 W. 7 Mil e Rd. — YE 8 - 9364 — Detroit 35, Dec. 29, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Russian-Egyptian Naval Deal
Viewed as USSR Invasion of
Area as Albanian Substitute

New Moslem-Jewish Conflict
Threatens Oran Jewish Area

PARIS—An uneasy cairn prevailed Tuesday in Oran following
reports that strife between Jews and Moslems was about to
erupt again.
According to reports received here from Algeria, a non-
Jewish merchant living in the Jewish quarter had been stabbed,
presumably by a Moslem, and Jewish youths were preparing to
attack Moslem and Arab passerby again. Police and army units
cordoned off the entire area.
The Jewish area of Oran remained under curfew and was
cut off from the rest of the city. Authorities were reported
belieVing there would be no new intercommunal outbreaks for
the time being.

Jews in Morocco Prohibited to Sell Their Property

CASABLANCA, (JTA)—Moroccan authorities in the southern
part of the country are prohibiting the sale of property by Jews
who wish to leave their towns, it was reported here. In Essaouira,
leaflets are being distributed urging local Moslems to refrain from
purchasing houses or any other property from Jews leaving the
town.
Five Jews- were arrested in the southern Moroccan region
of Ksar es-Souk on charges of "Zionist activities" and of allegedly
helping JeWs to leave the country for emigration to Israel. A
(Continued on Page 3)

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

TEL AVIV—Reports that the Soviet Union may increase arms shipments to
Egypt and that it was conducting negotiations for the use of Egyptian naval bases
to service Soviet fleet units are being followed with concern here.
According to the reports Adm. Sergei Gorshkov, supreme commander of
the Soviet Navy, completed a visit Monday with a nine-man delegation in Egypt.
During the visit, the Soviet naval leaders reportedly examined the possibilities
of reaching such an agreement with President Nasser's government.
Al ,Massaa, the Cairo daily, declared Monday; that new units which arrived
recently at Alexandria- had made the Egyptian navy the strongest striking
power in the Middle East. Onereport said that Egypt was negotiating for three
additional squadrons of Soviet MIG 19 *
rines. According to another report,
replacement for the base lost by the
communist power struggle which led to > e reeking off of diOomatitiies be
the USSR and Albania. The Albanian base was the only one the Soviets had
in the Mediterranean Sea.
The State Department in Washington declined to comment Tuesday on
the reports.
Al Massaa also reported that the naval units which carried - the most
modern weapons equipment arrived from Czechoslovakia and Russia during
the weekend. Egyptian officials declined to deny or confirm the reports.
Israeli observers viewed the recent improvement in Russian-Egyptian
relations is reflecting the increased concern of the Soviet Union about its
(Continued on Page 3)

UN Adopts U.S. Resolution to Intensify PCC for
Another Ireasz. Defeats Pro-Arab Amendments

UNITED NATIONS (JTA)—A plenary session of the United Nations General'
Assembly killed the two pro-Arab amendments to an American resolution passed
by a committee dealing with the Arab refugee problem.
The plenary session adopted the American resolution minus the proposed
amendments without a single negative vote. The final balloting on. the American
draft, for which Israel voted, was 62 in favor, none against and 37 abstentions.
The abstentions included the Arab and Soviet blocs.
As adopted, the resolution recalls a series of Assembly resolutions adopted here
since 1948, notes "with deep regret that repatriation or compensation of the
refugees" has not been effected; that no substantial progress has been made "for
the re-integration of the refugees either by repatriation or resettlement"; and that,
therefore; the situation of the refugees "continues to be a matter of serious concern."

The resolution requested the PCC to "intensify its work on the identification
and. evaluation of Arab refugee immovable properties in Palestine" and to make–
every effort to complete this work by Sept. 1, 1962.

44)

The next operative clause of the resolution calls upon all member governments
to contribute and increase their contributions for the work of the United Nations
Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. This clause
pointedly "urges non-contributing governments" to contribute to UNRWA. That
phrasing was directed at the Soviet Union and other members of the Soviet bloc
who have never contributed any money to UNRWA. Mauretania led a drive in the
Assembly committee debating the refugee issue to delete the shaft aimed at the
Soviet bloc, but was defeated.
In separate balloting on the two pro-Arab amendments attached to the Ameri-
can draft by the Assembly's Special Political Committee, both amendinents received
simple majorities but did not obtain the necessary two-thirds vote.
The first of the amendments called for reconstitution of the Palestine Concilia-
tion Commission _and its enlargement of the present three members to five. On
this amendment the plenary voted 44 in favor, 29 against with 25 abstentions. All
the leading Western powers, led by the United States, Britain and France, voted
against the amendment as did Israel. 14.
:
;;:
Gone]. in 1.1 on
The second amendment would have requested the reco ictil6k0
s
Commission "to take measures for the protection of the rights, property and
interests of the Palestine Arab refugees, located in Israel." This was, according
to Michael S. Comay, Israel's permanent representative here, only "a thinly veiled"
revival of an Arab effort defeated by the Assembly last April to establish some
form of UN custodianship over alleged Arab property in Israel.

On the property amendment, the United States, Britain and France again led
the opposition. The voting showed 40 in favor _ , 3'7 against with 21 abstentions.

Before the voting began, - Comay voiced a brief, but sharp plea before the

Assembly for the rejection of the pro-Arab amendments. Reconstitution of the PCC,
which consists of representatives of the U. S., France and Turkey, would, Comay

said, alter the character of the body "from a conciliation organ to an organ of
coercion."
As for the clause dealing with property, Comay said it would be against Isvel's
sovereignty and Israel's domestic property legislation to agree to such a cause.

Adlai E. Stevenson, head of the United States delegation to the United Nations,
declared that the United States Government favors peace negotiations between
Israel and the Arab states "at the appropriate' time." _

He e/cplained why the U. S. delegation halped to defeat a 16-member resolution
calling for direct peace talks between Israel and the Arab states. That resolution
garnered only 34 votes in the 104-member committee with the United States and
Britain voting in opposition to the draft.
Reviewing at 'a press conference the events that transpired at this year's
UN Assembly, Stevenson said th' t on the problem of the Palestine refugee; ;4
Delp, _ to keet the
swas wise
believe the restraint shown by
road clear toward eventual soluti
`Arnenean OpPoSition to y the 16-member
Asked how he would explain•
"direct talks" draft in view of the U. S. Government's well-known attitude favoring
negotiations in all disputes, Stevenson replied: "Our opposition to that resolution
was based on the fact that this was an old dispute where there was no particularly
new element introduced. One side said it would not negotiate at this time and
we saw no value in merely passing a resolution. Our main objective, furthermore,
was to eliminate all elements which might cut - across the mediation between the
parties and the offorts to mediate by Dr. Johnson. We are for negotiations at the
appropriate time and made that clear during our presentation of the case."

The "mediation" to which Stevenson referred pointed to the work of the
Palestine Conciliation Commission which, last August, appointed Dr. Joseph E.
Johnson, president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, as its
special envoy to the Middle East to attempt progress toward a solution of the Arab
refugee problem. The PCC will continue such an effort for another year.

The defeat in the UN Assembly of the two pro-Arab amendments to the U. S.
resolution on the Arab refugee issue was received with satisfaction not only by
Israel, taut: also by the United States.
iiikrercif -the topmost members of the American delegation told the Jewish
telegraphic Agency that, if the pro-Arab amendments were accepted by the
plenary- session, the United States was prepared to vote against its own resolution
in order to kill the amendments with the rest of the Washington-sponsored draft.
Israel circles were gratified with the overall net results of this year's very
arduous and lengthy Arab refugee debate which lasted 19 sessions. The Arab
delegations, it was noted, had entered this year's Assembly with great expectations
of picking up heavy support from many of the new UN members. Instead, new
African states and a number of older UN members spearheaded a new peace
offensive which obtained votes from Africans, Latin Americans, Benelux countries,
other West Europeans and three of the most important members of the British
Commonwealth — Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

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