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December 15, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-12-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.,
(JTA)—The United States made
, it clear before the United Na-
tions Special Political Commit-
tee — which :s discussing the
Arab refugee problem — that
contrary to the Arab insistence
that repatriation of the refu-
gees is the only solution to the
problem, the U. S. Government
sees the solution in a three-
pronged program of repatriation
of some of the refugees, reset-
tlement of some in the Arab
lands where they reside, and
compensation by Israel of Arabs
for property left in Israel.
Ambassador Francis T. P.
Plimpton, American representa-
tive at the Committee, told the
delegates of the 103-nation body
that "the United States again
affirms, as it has many times in
the past, its firm support of the
provisions for repatriation, re-
settlement a n d compensation
and its earnest hope for the
early implementation eg those
provisions."
Plimpton pointed to the re-
port filed by the Palestine Con-
ciliation Commission as a result
of the survey of the Arab refu-
gee problem made recently by
Dr. Joseph E. Johnson, presi-
dent of the Carnegie Endow-
ment for International Peace.
He said that "the United States
considers that Dr. Johnson has
ably carried out the prelimin-
ary phase of these exploratory
discussions."
Stressing the fact that Dr.
Johnson has recommended that
the Commission should be auth-
orized to continue its efforts in
the Arab refugee field for an-
other year, Plimpton said: "Let
me stress that we have here a
potentially constructive, hopeful
element such as has not been
present for many years. Only
through such sustained but
quiet effort is there hope of
advance through the maze of-
controversy surrounding this
problem. The expectations we
entertain are limited and most
cautious—but let us at least
give them a fair chance to ma
terialize."
Apparently aiming at Dr.
Shukairy, who had lashed Dr.
Johnson and the Johnson report
severely, Plimpton declared:
"We cannot help but deplore
any official statement or official
public action whether past or
present, making more difficult
the effort of the Coinmission
through the quiet instrumental-
ity of a special representative"
to make progress in regard to
the refugee issue.
Plimpton pleaded for an
end to "the acrimonious and
stormy debate." He said the
United States is convinced
that the work of the PCC if
continued and intensified. is
the best way to achieve prog-
ress on the whole refugee
problem. He told the Com-
mittee that if the current de-
bate proves conducive to a
continuation of the PCC's en-
deavors, "the United States
Government would be pre-
pared in conection therewith
to support a limited extension
of UNRWA's mandate this
year." The present mandate

of UNRWA is due to expire
June 30, 1963.
"We urge his Committee," the

denounced the American posi-
tion and the Johnson report as
"a plot to liquidate the Arab
refugee problem" by mention-
ing the resettlement, intergra-
tion and compensation as possi-
ble alternatives to "repatria-
tion."
Earlier in the day, Saudi
Arabian delegate Ahmad Shu-
kairy delivered another lengthy
anti-Israel diatribe and was an-
swered briefly by Michael S.
Comay, Israel's permanent rep-
resentative. Outlining the main
points of Israel's current posi-
tion, Ambassador Comay em-
phasized that the Arabs started
the 1948 hostilities aimed at
wiping out Israel and the Arab
aggressions which created the
refugee problem.
Thilly-two governments
pledged $32,500,000 for • the
1962 program of the United
Nations Relief and Works
Agency for Palestine Refugees
at a' special pledging confer-
ence held her by the General
Assembly. The UNRWA tar-
get for 1962 funds had been
set at $40,000,000. Of the
total pledged, yesterday, the
United States, which has been
providing 70 per cent of all
UNRWA funds, pledged
$24,700,000.
The United Nations was

urged by an African repre-
sentative here to "do all in
its power" to find a solution
to the Arab refugee problem
and take "complete charge of

all efforts to this end.”
The request was made by
Sebastian Kapongo, delegate
from the Congo (Leopoldville),
the first of the representatives
from an African country below
the Sahara to participate in the
debate on the refugee problem
before the General Assembly's
Special Political Committee.
The refugee debate thus far
heard only India and the United
States aside from bitter Arab
attacks against Israel. Kapon-
go's pacifying speech came be-
tween two anti-Israel attacks,
voiced by representatives of
Iraq and Libya. Both speakers
representing countries that are
members of the Arab League,
voiced the now familiar attacks
against Israel.
In his speech, Kapongo also
took the occasion to deny
charges voiced here by Shu-
kairy.
- His government, said Ka- -
pongo, has "no proof" that
Kantangese rebels had used
arms made in Israel. He as-
sured the United Nations that
then are " rel tio " be-
tw
t
ongo n
ov-
er

.11 MIL 11.11 .1.1 Val 111.

Ghory, one-time secretary-gen-
eral of the Arab Higher Com-
mittee, took the floor on behalf
of what he calls the "Palestine
Arab delegation." Ghory, a col-

league of the ex-Grand Mufti of
Jerusalem, a Hitler collaborator,

times in the past week, that he
is not an Israeli but a South
African. Comay, born in South
Afric , has been an Israeli citi-
nce the birth of the Jewish
to in 1948.

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pons e s , were
fantasy, c ated to sow
istrust between our govern-
ments."
As for the Arab refugee prob-
lem, Kapongo expressed his op-
inion that "peaceful negotiations
are the only means by which

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American Ambassador said, "to
concentrate its debate, its pro-
posals and its action on the wel-
fare of the refugees themselves,
to forego fruitless controversy,
and to adopt the positive, con-
structive a n d forward-looking
attitude that alone can contri-
bute toward progress along the

hard road to eventual settle-
ment of the tragic human prob-
lem that we all long to see
solved."
Totally disregarding Plimp-
ton's reasoned approach, Emil

efforts to find a solution should
be attempted." A number of
African members here, backed
by some from Latin America
and Western E
e, are known
to be considerin the
tion of a reso
n callin
over-all re-eval
inn bt
Assembly
outs nd
Arab-Isra
isputes, including
the refugee question.
Israel representative Comay
again clashed with the Arab
speakers Monday, exercising Is-
rael's right to reply successively
against the Libyan and the
Iraqi. Among other things,
Comay once more rejected the
Arab accusations, voiced several

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3 -- THE DET ROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, Decembe r 15, 1961

U.S. Proposes Repatriation, Resettlement to Settle Refugee Problem

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