African, U.S Positions at UN Israel Completes Tariff Dealings W .
(Continued from Page 1)
Ancient `Rashi' Synagogue Ruined
by Nazis Is Reopened in Germany
GENEVA — An Israeli del-
egation completed tariff nego-
tiations Tuesday with 11 coun-
tries and with the European Ec-
onomic Community which will
either reduce or hold steady the
present level . of customs duties
on Israeli exports to those coun-
The negotiations, conducted
within the fra
ent on tariff
(GATT), lasted for
ths. The 11 countries
are: ustria, the U • ed St .
De ark, Britain,
wa Finland, Por
Sw en and Tu ey.
valu at mo t
will benefit from lower dutie
Customs duties on more t
$70,000,000 worth of Israel'
ports to those countries i
will not be increased.
than two-thirds of all
exports were to the cou
with which the new agreeme
were negotiated and more than
half of all Israeli exports are
covered by the agreements.
incipal export products
ci 's juice , bro
phates, ground nuts, iamonds
el in turn ag d to spe-
of textiles machin-
y and agricultural equipment.
-Dir or of R
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WORMS, Germany, (JTA)- to the Jewish National Archive
OPEN MON., THURS. to 9
The old Rashi Synagogue here, in Jerusalem.
oldest Jewish house of worship
in Germany (originally built in
1034), destroyed by the Nazis
in 1938 and now reconstructed
by the West German govern-
ment at a cost of $125,000, was
reopened yesterday with impres-
In addition to Jewish repre-
sentatives froni all over Ger-
many, as well as from Israel,
Britain and France, the partici-
pants in the somber ceremony
included Vice Chancellor Lud-
wig Erhard as the official
representative of the Federal
Republic . of Germany. The syna-
gogue was named after the
famous commentator of the
Bible and Talmud.
"Grief and deep shame" over
When a tire goes fi
the Nazi desecrations And dep-
redations were expressed by
ifs nice to know that you have a spar
Erhard in his address. Warning
ready, It's the same way with money.
that anti-Semitism in Germany
"is • not yet dead," the Vice
Chancellor said that "anti-Semi-
y happen without warn'
tism, like every other form of
inhumanity, is blasphemy." He
warned Germany that Nazi
t will put you
k on the roa
crimes against the Jews "must
not be forgotten."
The $125,000 needed for re-
construction of the famous old
"Rashi Shul" had been contrib-
uted by West German authori-
ties, federal, state and local.
Erhard referred to the fact that
only two Jewish families live
here—whereas the pre-war Jew-
ish population was over 1,200.
"The essential thing, in this
Temple," he said, "is missing—
the human beings to whom the
inscriptions here should speak."
The rebuilt synagogue with a
All Savings Insured to $
capacity of 300 worshipers, con-
tains Jewish ritual objects do-
nated by the German Ministry
of Education, by youth groups
and various prominent handi-
craftsmen. President Heinrich
Luebke contributed the almenor.
A stone flown here from Jeru-
salem has been placed in the
wall partitioning the women's
section in the synagogue from
the men's section.
A childless couple, Jacob and
Rachel, had built the synagogue
Michigan's Largest State-Chartered Savings and Loan Ass's,.
which was opened just before
Rosh Hashanah in 1034. An ad-
MAIN OFFICE: WOODWARD AT CONGRESS
dition, named the "Rashi
Chapel," was built in 1624. The
*SMILE near CROOKS RD. DEXTER at CORTLAND
TELEGRAPH at MAPLE
W. 9 MILE near COOLIDGE
synagogue contained the ar-
in OAK PARK
chives of the old Worms Jewish
DYKE at E. 7 MILE
community as well as many
other priceless memorabilia. A
local archivist saved many of
these relics after the Nazis de-
stroyed the synagogue in 1938,
transferring them after the war
......... sm. um m.o.
tio 'a MI INN 111111 INN MS Ng 11% Milt WI III WM MI Ma
WA MI IR
air " win ow
Don't Leave It To Luck .
Be Prepared With A Spare!
3 7:0 any
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IT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, December 8, 1961
Keep your eyes on the Africans. And your ears should be directed
toward catching their attitude.
Some of the Africans are, indeed, so fed up with the Arab
ranting that they are inclined to end it once and for all. They
are considering the introduction of a resolution that would put
the Assembly on an entirely different path. They want the Assem-
bly not to stop at a re-study of the refugee problem, but to take
a real, hard, fresh look at the entire Arab-Israel situation. Some
of the Africans are carrying around with them drafts of possible
resolutions on that overall subject. Some of them have already
begun to line up sentiment—and votes—on behalf of such a reso-
lution, not only among other Africans and among Asians but also
among Latin American and other delegations.
The Arabs are so busy listening to their own voices that they
cannot hear the rumblings of the explosion being prepared—an
explosion that could blow their entire anti-Israeli campaign
While peeling one's eyes on the African posture, the keen
observer will also not fail to watch the American delegation.
The pressures brought on Dr. Joseph E. Johnson, who changed
his refugee report in an effort to appease the Arabs, show how
even good, sincere men can be talked into amending their own
position. at the behest of loud barkers. The same could happen
to the American delegation here, at least on some points.
One excuse used by the American delegation during the
Arab refugee debate in the last Assembly is no longer valid. As
recently as last spring, the Americans could claim they are not
yet experienced enough in dealing with the - Arabs. Now Ameri-
cans are well prepared, thoroughly briefed. If they falter during
this debate, falling now and then into the Arab camp—they will
do so with eyes open—and with State Department acquiescence.
Now, through the fog, one can perceive certain moves. The
African eruption is one. The American stance is the other.
Those who are concerned with Israel and its relationship to the
Arab refugees are watching those two barometers—the Africans
and the Americans.
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