A Salute to
32-Page Special Supplement
In Section 8 in .This Issue
This issue is in Two Sections . . .
Section B, between Pages 16 and 17, is
dedicated to the One Hundredth Anni-
versary of Congregation S h a a r e y
THE JEWISH NESS
MI CI---I IGAtV
A Weekly Review
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
l00% ' IIrionn Sgop
f Jewish Events
Vol. XL, No. 13
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. . — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Nov. 24, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
USSR Victimization Confirmed,
Tass Attacks ISRAEL and. USA;
Moscow Gets Appeals from Jewry
500,000 Jews in
USSR Army During
Second World War
TEL AVIV, (JTA) — Figures published
for the first time in a new study revealed
that 500,000 Jews served in the Russian
army during World War II, and tlfat 67,000
of them won medals for meritorious per-
formance, bravery and heroism. The medal
winners included 50 who were awarded the
highest Soviet order Hero of the Soviet
LONDON, (JTA)—While Western sources in Moscow confirmed the arrest and imprisonment
of three leaders of the Jews in Moscow, in addition to the 'previous
imprisonment of three Leningrad
Jewish leaders, the Soviet government's news agency, TaSs, has bitterly attacked the world -wide
protests against Russia's new series of anti - Jewish manifestations.
An English - language commentary by a Tass: ,writer,
Orlov, distributed only to foreign
correspondents in Moscow, charged that the recent conviction Igor
three Leningrad Jewish leaders
was the signal for the start of a campaign about "a wave of victimization
of Soviet -Jews."
Charging that the "episode" would have been ignored by the Western press, "if the
defendants had not been Jews," Orlov bracketed in his statement the Israel government, the
Jewish press, the Administration in Washington, Arthur J. Goldberg, U.S. Secretary of Labor, and
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president of the World Jewish Congress.
Orlov sad that Israeli "agents" had "involved some Soviet citizens of Jewish nationality into
their espionage activities," who had "sold - themselves to the foreign intelligence." Denying
Continued -on Page 9
Negative Definition of
`Jew' in New Dictionary -
Stirs -Challenging Inquiry .
JIIC Aids Ionr Ages of Man!
All ages of man are repre-
sented in the programs of the Joint Distribut ion Committee. Scenes such as
in Rome—are repeated in 26 countries in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East
and in Israel. JDC's traditional support of religion and culture is symbolized by this
resident at prayer - in a JDC-supported old age home, upper left. "JDC funds—which
come mainly from the campaigns of the United Jewish Appeal—also help support this
Jewish kindergarten, upper right, where the youngsters, most of them from impov-
erished families, receive their main meal ofthe day. A lusty, outraged howl greets the
doctor's probing instruments as he examines this Jewish infant at a JDC-supported OSE
clinic, lower left; the mother is all smiles as her child gets a thorbtigill'rnedical,going
over. A chance to rise above the limited opportunity of the ghetto goes to these young
Jewish girls learning to be typists at an ORT school in Rome, also supported by JDC.
These activities of the JDC will be reviewed at the 47th annual meeting of the JDC on
Dec. 9 in New York
• NEW YORK, (JTA)—H. B. Wolf, managing editor of
Webster's Third International Dictionary, said Monday that
such descriptions of Jews in the new edition of the dic
tionary as "a person believed to drive a hard bargain" are
always qualified by the expression "usually used disparag-
ingly" or "usually taken to be offensive."
In a telephone interview with the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency from Springfield, Mass., headquarters of the dic-
tionary's publishers, the Merriam Company, Wolf • said that
it was the philosophy of the dictionary's editorial staff that
any dictionary that is supposed to present a record of the
English language as it is used in the year of publication
should present most current usages of words. -
He said the Third -New International Dictionary defines -
Jews in three categories—noun, adjective and verb, and in
several "senses." The noun "Jew" in the new 1961 edition
includes as one of the "senses" the definition "A person
believed to drive a hard bargain." Wolf noted the phrase
"believed to" as indicating popular usage and understanding
of one of the "senses." -
The adjective - "Jewish" has one descriptive phrase,
"usually taken to be offensive." The verb includes a defini-
tion "to cheat by sharp business practice" and this is
followed by the phrase "usually taken to be offensive." The
word "kike" also appears as a definition. of Jew, followed
by the phrase "usually taken to be offensive.",
Dr.' P. G...Gove, editor of the Dictionary, confirmed to
the JTA that the offending definitions were eliminated in
the 1949 printing of the second edition and not restored in
subsequent printings of that edition.
Wolf told the JTA that similar admittedly derogatory
definitions of the groups also appear in the new edition,
such as Dago for a person of Italian or Spanish descent,
and the Term "nigger," in the definition of Negro, also
described as "usually taken to be offensive."
Jewish Peace Advocate Killed in Algiers
Dire-et JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
ALGIERS—William Levy, 54, a prominent Jew active in
advocating peace betWeen the Moslems and Europeans in
Algeria, was shot and killed here Monday night, and police
believe his assassins were connected with the OAS, the French
underground military organization.
. Levy was secretary-general of the Algiers Regional Orga- .
nization of the French Socialist Party, and a member of the
party's central committee. He had received several threats
from OAS. Moslems killed one of his sons four years ago.
Algerian Jews have reacted with deep emotion to this
latest attack on one of their number. Several other prominent
Jews have been killed iin the last few weeks by OAS activists.